According to the 2016 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) India was ranked 8th among 163 countries in the list of most impacted by terrorism in 2015.
The fourth edition of the index was released by Sydney-based think-tank Institute for Economics & Peace. India is one of six Asian countries ranked in the top 10 nations most impacted by terrorism.
Global facts in 2016 GTI
- According to GTI 2016, Iraq was the worst hit by terror in 2015 followed by Afghanistan and Nigeria. Pakistan was ranked fourth.
- Deaths from terror attacks globally declined 10%from the highest recorded level of 32,765 in 2014 to 29,376 in 2015.
- Economic loss from terrorism is $635 billion over 16 years from 2000 to 2015. This amount is equivalent to annual gross domestic product (GDP) of Egypt and Malaysia.
- The economic impact of terrorism, as a proportion of a country’s GDP, is highest in Iraq at 17.3%, followed by Afghanistan (16.8%) and Syria (8.3%).
- ISIS has overtaken its African affiliate Boko Haram as the world’s deadliest terrorist group in 2015. It expanded to 11 countries in 2015 from six in 2014.
- Since 2014, the loss has declined from a 16-year high of $106 billion to the second-highest level of $90 billion, at constant 2015 prices.
- Violent conflict in 2015, as a whole, caused $13.6 trillion loss to global economy (in purchasing parity terms), or 13.3% of global GDP.
- OECD countries, the world’s most developed saw 650% rise in terror-related deaths from 77 in 2014 to 577 in 2015.
- Turkey (OECD member) witnessed 337 deaths in 2015, highest among OECD countries. These attacks were carried by the separatist Kurdistan Worker’s Party (PKK) and ISIS.
India related facts in 2016 GTI
- In India, as many as 797 terrorist attacks were recorded in 2015 up by 4% since 2014. Besides, 289 terrorism-related deaths were recorded in India, a 45% decline over 2014.
- However, number of Indian Army and paramilitary soldiers killed this year is at an eight-year high. 2015 attacks were the highest since 2000, 80% were non-lethal.
- India experienced 7% of all terrorist attacks around the world, the fourth highest after Iraq (20%), Afghanistan (14%) and Pakistan (8%).
- In 2015, India suffered fewer terror attacks (797) than only Iraq (2,415), Afghanistan (1,715) and Pakistan (1,008). India suffered twice as many attacks as Syria (384).
About Global Terrorism Index (GTI)
The GTI systematically rank the nations of the world according to terrorist activity. It scores a country is calculated based on weightage assigned to four indicators. They are total number of terrorist incidents, injuries, fatalities and property damage sustained in the year in question.