28 July: World Hepatitis Day

The World Hepatitis Day is being observed every year on July 28 around the globe to spread awareness about viral hepatitis.

Significance of the Day: It seeks to encourage diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Hepatitis. Provide a single global platform to raise awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment

2016 Theme:Elimination”. It focuses on elimination of hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.

About World Hepatitis Day

  • The day is being observed since 2010. It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • WHO had passed a resolution for observance of this day on viral hepatitis in May 2010 had passed, providing official endorsement to it.
  • The date 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus. He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

What is Hepatitis?

  • Hepatitis name has derived from Greek word ‘Hepar’ meaning liver and ‘itis’ meaning inflammation.
  • Thus, it is a medical condition in which inflammation occurs in liver cells and its complications vary with the type of infection
  • It is mostly caused by a group of viruses called hepatitis viruses. There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.
  • It can also be caused by intoxicants like drugs, alcohol, chemicals and other infections and autoimmune diseases.

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Categories: International Current Affairs 2017Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2017