Current Affairs July 2013

India and ADB Sign an Agreement for Gujarat Solar Power Transmission System

With the rapid growing electricity demand, and increasing reliance on imported sources of fossil fuel the Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed an agreement for a $100 million ADB loan (A LIBOR based loan from ADB’s Ordinary Capital Resources which has a term of 25 years including 5 years of grace period) to develop a transmission system that will distribute 500 megawatts of solar power from the Charanka Solar Park in Gujarat.

ADB is committed to generating 3,000 MW of solar power by 2013 under its Asia Solar Energy Initiative.

Key Objectives of the Project:

  • Using an inventive Public Private Partnership (PPP) model, the project will create job opportunities, improve social services and contribute to poverty reduction locally.
  • It will also support power distribution companies in Gujarat and other Indian power utilities to meet part of their energy needs through solar energy.
  • It will not only benefit Gujarat, but will also help develop the PPP solar park model under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.
  • An associated Technical Assistance (TA) funded by the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom and administered by ADB will provide professional training in energy-related skills and livelihood opportunities to local people. At least half of the participants will be women.

Note: The Indian Government is aiming to generate 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022. It has launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in 2010, which is expected to generate 1,000 MW by 2013 by expanding grid-connected solar power generation.


Supreme Court issues notice to Centre, States on disaster management

After the devastating tragedy that struck upon Uttarakhand and which resulted in numerous deaths the Supreme Court issued notice to Uttarakhand and six other states for their alleged failure in implementing the Disaster Management Act in order to handle natural calamities.

The court has sought response from the Centre, the states and the Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands on a PIL alleging that governments have failed to implement the Disaster Management Act that was passed in 2005.

Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Gujarat are the six other states who have received this notice.

The court held that it was extremely pathetic that even after 8 years of the act, the Centre and the various state governments had failed to implement its provisions and presently there is no uniform policy in the country for granting compensation to the victims of disaster.


World’s first ever mission to Moon’s South Pole Planned for 2016

The International Lunar Observatory Association and Moon Express announced first mission to the south pole of the moon in 2016 at NASA Lunar Science Institute conference at NASA ‘s Ames Research Center.

 Objective of the Mission:

  • It will be a scientific as well as commercial mission.
  • To install a permanent telescope on the lunar surface to assist professional research.
  • To deliver the International Lunar Observatory (ILO) aboard a Moon Express Robotic Lander.
  • Moon Express is aiming to discover the moon’s South Pole for mineral resources and water. Lunar probes have provided substantial indication of mineral and volatile deposits in the Moon’s southern polar region where energy and resources may be plentiful.

 International Lunar Observatory Instrument and its use:

  • ILOA and Space Age Publishing Company have been founded by Steve Durst.
  • ILO which is a 2 meter dish antenna will help in carrying out International astrophysical observations and communications from the lunar surface thus providing commercial broadcasting, scientific research and enabling Galaxy 21st Century education and “citizen science” on the Moon.
  • ILO will display the scientific study of the galaxy, moon, earth, sun and stars  The ILO and its originator will have an internet based access and control system.

 Space Age Publishing Company

  • It aims to broadcast its Lunar Enterprise Daily and Space Calendar weekly via the ILO. This mission would help in humanity’s growth as a multi-world species.

Moon Express will send a sequence of robotic missions to the Moon in support of commerce science and exploration starting in 2015.