Environment Current Affairs

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2015-16 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2015-2016 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2015-16.

NGT bans light and heavy diesel vehicles over 10 years in six major cities of Kerala

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) Circuit Bench of Kochi has banned light and heavy diesel vehicles which are more than 10 years old in six major cities of Kerala.

These six major cities are: Thiruvananthapuram (state capital), Kochi (commercial capital), Kollam, Thrissur, Kozhikode and Kannur.

Order in this regard was given by the NGT Circuit Bench comprising NGT chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar and expert member Bikram Singh Sajwan.

The bench issued the order while hearing a petition filed by Lawyers’ Environmental Awareness Forum (LEAF) which had sought action against highly polluting diesel vehicles such as trucks and buses.

Besides, NGT also directed

  • State government not to register any diesel vehicle in the capacity of 2000 CC and more, except public transport and local authority vehicles.
  • If any vehicle is found to be violating this direction, it shall pay 5000 rupees as environmental compensation.
  • The compensation will be collected by pollution control board (PCB) or traffic police and they shall maintain separate account.
  • These funds should be utilized for betterment of environment in these cities.

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May 22: International Day for Biological Diversity

Every year May 22 is being observed as International Biodiversity Day (IDB) across the world to promote conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Objective:  (i) To step-up understanding and awareness about biodiversity issues. (ii) To make people aware about the importance of biodiversity on the one hand and its unprecedented loss on the other.

2016 Theme:Mainstreaming Biodiversity; Sustaining People and their Livelihoods”.

The theme highlights the role of biodiversity in underpinning development. The United Nations (UN) also has highlighted the importance of biodiversity as an important cross-cutting issue in in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Biodiversity: It refers to the variety of flora and fauna that make up the ecosystem. The preservation of the ecosystem is vital to natural balance and human existence.

Background

  • The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had proclaimed 22 May as the International Biodiversity Day by adopting resolution 55/201 on 20 December 2000.
  • The day commemorates the adoption of Agreed Text of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act.
  • Prior to adaptation of UNGA resolution, 29 December was designated as International Biodiversity Day to commemorate adaptation of the CBD.

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Himachal Pradesh launches artificial propagation programme of mahseer fish for conservation

Himachal Pradesh fisheries department has started an artificial propagation programme for rehabilitation and conservation of Golden Mahseer fish.

Under this programme, a hatchery has been set up in the state with an outlay of Rs 6 crore to rear mahseer fish and release its fingerlings into the wild.

Population Decline

  • The population of the golden mahseer has seen decline in recent times in rivers of Himachal Pradesh as they are hunted for sport and food.
  • It also has declined due to various reasons such as construction of dams, barrages, indiscriminate fishing of juvenile and brood fish, pollution, introduction of exotic species and habitat deterioration.

About Golden mahseer

  • Golden mahseer is the longest-living freshwater fish. It is also known as the tiger of Indian rivers and belongs to the genus Tor.
  • It is native to mountain and sub-mountain regions and is found at altitudes of up to 2,000 metres above sea level.
  • During the southwest floods it migrates upstream for spawning and after spawning, it returns to the original feeding grounds
  • International Union of Conservation of Natural Resources (IUCN) has declared it endangered.

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