The Geographical Indication Registry (GIR) has accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) registration to the Lucknow Zardozi – the world renowned textile embroidery.
The Zardozi products manufactured in areas in Lucknow and surrounding districts have now become a BRAND and will carry a registered logo to confirm their authenticity.
- Zardozi or Zar-douzi work is a type of embroidery in Iran, India and Pakistan.
- Zardozi is a Persian word that means “Sewing with gold string”.
- Zardozi style of embroidery has been in existence in India from the time of the Rig Veda.
- Zardozi style of embroidery flourished during the Mugal Emperor, Akbar
- Later a loss of royal patronage and industrialization led to its decline.
- Zardozi style is at present very popular in the Indian cities of Lucknow, Farrukhabad and Chennai.
Geographical Indications Registry
Geographical Indications Registry is responsible for the administration of laws relating to Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
- Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs.
- They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
- India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.
What is a Geographical Indication?
- It is an indication
- It originates from a definite geographical territory.
- It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods
- The manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory.
- It should have a special quality or reputation or other characteristics
- A Geographical Indications Registry with all India jurisdiction operates in Chennai, as per the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999.
- Under the Act, agricultural, natural or manufactured goods originating or manufactured in the territory of a country, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin and in cases where such goods are manufactured goods, one of the activities of either production or of processing or preparation of the goods concerned takes place in such territory, region or locality, are registrable as Geographical Indications. Whether a particular product is registrable or not is determined by the Registrar of Geographical Indications, on receipt of the application.
Benefits of Geographical Indication
- It confers legal protection to Geographical Indications in India
- Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others
- It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.
- It promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.
Who can apply for the registration of a geographical indication?
- Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can apply:
- The applicant must represent the interest of the producers
- The application should be in writing in the prescribed form
- The application should be addressed to the Registrar of Geographical Indications alongwith prescribed fee.
- Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can be a registered proprietor.
- Their name should be entered in the Register of Geographical Indication as registered proprietor for the Geographical Indication applied for.
- A producer of goods can apply for registration as an authorised user
- It must be in respect of a registered geographical indication
- He should apply in writing in the prescribed form along with prescribed fee
- An authorised user has the exclusive rights to the use of geographical indication in relation to goods in respect of which it is registered.
Who is a producer in relation to a Geographical Indication?
The persons dealing with three categories of goods are covered under the term Producer:
- Agricultural Goods includes the production, processing, trading or dealing
- Natural Goods includes exploiting, trading or dealing
- Handicrafts or Industrial goods includes making, manufacturing, trading or dealing.
How long the registration of Geographical Indication is valid?
- The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years
Can a Geographical Indication be renewed?
- It can be renewed from time to time for further period of 10 years each.
What is the effect if a Geographical Indication if it is not renewed?
- If a registered geographical indication is not renewed it is liable to be removed from the register.
Infringement of the registered Geographical Indication
In following conditions, the GI is deemed to be infringed.
- When an unauthorised user uses a geographical indication that indicates or suggests that such goods originate in a geographical area other than the true place of origin of such goods in a manner which mislead the public as to the geographical origin of such goods.
- When the use of geographical indication result in an unfair competition including passing off in respect of registered geographical indication.
- When the use of another geographical indication results in false representation to the public that goods originate in a territory in respect of which a registered geographical indication relates.
- The registered proprietor or authorised users of a registered geographical indication can initiate an infringement action.
Can a registered geographical indication be assigned, transmitted, etc?
- No. A geographical indication is a public property belonging to the producers of the concerned goods.
- It shall not be the subject matter of assignment, transmission, licensing, pledge, mortgage or such other agreement
- However, when an authorised user dies, his right devolves on his successor in title.
Can a registered geographical indication or a registered authorised user be removed from the register?
- Yes. The Appellate Board or the Registrar of Geographical Indications has the power to remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register. Further, on application by an aggrieved person action can be taken.
How a geographical indication is different from a trade mark?
- A trade mark is a sign which is used in the course of trade and it distinguishes goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises. Whereas a geographical indication is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.
- Darjeeling Tea (Name and Logo).
- Kangra Tea – Himachal Pradesh
- Assam Tea (Application of Assam Tea under process (November 2009)
- Navara Rice:Kerala
- Palakkadan Matta Rice:Kerala
- Malabar Pepper :Kerala
- Alleppey Green Cardamom:Kerala
- Coorg Green Cardamom:Karnataka
- Allahabad Surkha – Uttar Pradesh (Guava)
- Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee:Karnataka
- Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee:Karnataka
- Alleppy Coir : Kerala
- E I Leather : Tamilnadu
- Kasuti Embroidery : Karnataka
- Mysore Sandalwood Oil : Karnataka
- Aranmula Kannadi : Kerala
- Bidriware : Karnataka
- Channapatna Toys & Dolls : Karnataka
- Mysore Rosewood Inlay : Karnataka
- Kondapalli Bommallu : Andhra Pradesh
- Silver Filigree of Karimnagar : Andhra Pradesh
- Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil : Tamil Nadu
- Thanjavur Art Plate : Tamil Nadu
- Applique – Khatwa Patch Work of Bihar : Bihar
- Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar : Bihar
- Sikki Grass Work of Bihar : Bihar
- Ganjifa cards of Mysore (Karnataka) : Karnataka
- Karnataka Bronze Ware : Karnataka
- Mysore Jasmine : Karnataka
- Udupi Jasmine : Karnataka
- Hadagali Jasmine : Karnataka
- Coorg Orange : Karnataka
- Mysore Betel leaf : Karnataka
- Nanjanagud Banana : Karnataka
- Mysore Agarbathi
- Mysore Traditional Paintings : Karnataka
- Madhubani Paintings : Bihar
- Thanjavur Paintings : Tamil Nadu
- Mysore Sandal Soap – Karnataka
Textiles & Textile Goods:
- Pochampalli Ikat : Andhra Pradesh
- Salem Fabric : Tamil Nadu
- Chanderi Fabric : Madhya Pradesh
- Solapur Chaddar : Maharashtra
- Solapur Terry Towel : Maharashtra
- Kotpad Handloom fabric : Orrissa
- Mysore Silk : Karnataka
- Kota Doria : Rajasthan
- Kancheepuram Silk : Tamil Nadu
- Kullu Shawl : Himachal Pradesh
- Madurai Sungudi : Tamil Nadu
- Orissa Ikat : Orissa
- Srikalahasthi Kalamkari : Andhra Pradesh
- Muga Silk : Assam
- Ilkal Sarees : Karnataka
- Nakshi Kantha : New Delhi
- Navalgund Durries : Karnataka
- Molakalmuru Sarees : Karnataka
- Salem Silk : Tamil Nadu
- Kovai Cora Cotton : Tamil Nadu
- Arani Silk : Tamil Nadu
- Bhavani Jamakkalam (carpet ) : Tamil Nadu
- Coimbatore Wet Grinder