Defence Current Affairs 2017

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Indo-Nepal joint Military exercise Surya Kiran-XI held in Uttarakhand

The eleventh edition of joint military exercise ‘Surya Kiran 2017‘ between India and Nepal began in Pithoragarh area of Uttarakhand.

It is two-week long battalion level joint exercise between armies of both countries. It will focus on skills required for natural disaster management, counter-insurgency and jungle warfare.

Key Facts
  • The Surya Kiran XI aims at training of both the troops in the area of various counter insurgency operations over a prolonged period.
  • It will focus on other important aspects such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) operations and environmental conservation.
  • In this exercise, Indian Army is represented by the officers and troops of Ekta Shakti Battalion of the Punjab Regiment. While, Nepali Army is being represented by Durga Baksh Battalion.
  • Both the armies will mutually benefit from the varied experiences gained during the exercise and strengthen the friendly relation between Nepal and India.
Background

The Surya Kiran series of military exercises are being conducted bi-annually, alternatively in India and Nepal. It is largest exercise in terms of troop’s participation in series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries. It aims at promoting military relations while increasing interoperability in conducting joint counter insurgency operations in mountainous terrain. The 10 edition of the exercise was held at Army Battle School, Saljhandi in Nepal in November 2016.

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India-Oman joint military exercise Al-Nagah-II 2017 held in Himachal Pradesh

The joint military exercise Al-Nagah-II 2017 between India and Oman began in the Dhauladhar Ranges in Bakloh belt of Himachal Pradesh to strengthen the military ties between the two countries.

This is the second edition of the exercise in continuation of a series of joint exercises between the armies of the two countries. The first edition of the exercise was held at Muscat, Oman in 2015.

Key Facts
  • The 14-day joint exercise aims to acquaint both forces with each other’s operating procedures in the backdrop of counter insurgency, counter terrorism environment.
  • The troops have been drawn from one infantry battalion each from the two armies. Approximately sixty troops from both countries are participating in the exercise.
  • The exercise will also enhance the interoperability between the two armed forces in conducting joint military operations.

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World’s oldest aircraft carrier INS Viraat decommissioned

The world’s longest serving warship INS Viraat was decommissioned by the Indian Navy at Naval Dockyard in Mumbai, Maharashtra after nearly six decades of service.

This marks the end of an era of Viraat being the flagship of the Indian Navy as it had provided utmost protection to the country during many tense situations. The decision on the warship’s future has not been taken yet.

Key Facts
  • INS Viraat holds Guinness Books of record of being the longest serving warship in the world. It was also the last British-built ship serving with the Indian Navy.
  • It was built in 1943 during the Second World War and was first commissioned as the HMS Hermes into the British Royal Navy in November 1959.
  • During the Falklands War in 1982, the aircraft carrier had served as the flagship of the Royal Navy’s task force. British navy had decommissioned in 1985 after 27 years of service.
  • It had sailed nearly 11 lakh km, enough to cover the globe 27 times. It had spent 30 years in the Indian Navy and 27 years in the Royal Navy.
  • It was commissioned into the Indian Navy on May 12, 1987. It had played a major role in Operation Jupiter in 1989 in the Sri Lankan peace keeping operation.
  • It also had participated in the standoff Operation Parakram in 2001-20012 when India and Pakistan were engaged in a standoff post the Parliament terror attack.
  • Its last operational deployment was for participation in International Fleet Review held at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh in February 2016.

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