Environment Current Affairs 2017

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NTCA to build a national data base for tigers

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) will establish a national data base for tigers, and each one of the big cats will have a unique identification number and code. The initiatives of providing UID will aid in better bio-monitoring of tigers.

image OBJECTIVE: Providing UID will enhance monitoring and also give the exact estimate of the tiger population in the country. Camera trap will be used to photograph the tigers from both sides to avoid variation in stripes and a UID allotted to each of them.

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E-eye Project in Corbett National Park

E-Eye Project: A pilot surveillance project being imagepiloted in Corbett National Park in which live electronic surveillance is done with the help of cameras with video recording facility mounted on towers.

  • The project will help in tracking the movement of animals, human interference and checking poaching.

These cameras will generate alerts to the control room in the park and the NTCA office located at Delhi, as the tigers cross the boundary. These cameras capture thermal and normal image of body mass regardless of forest density and severe weather conditions and therefore, can monitor the area during night or day.

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Expert committee suggests 10-year moratorium on GM food crop field trials

The 5-member, Technical Expert Committee appointed on the directions of Supreme Court, has recommended a 10-year moratorium on field trials of all Genetically Modified (GM) food crops.

The panel, in its interim report, suggested that the field trials should not be done till an independent committee of experts and stakeholders examines and assesses the potential hazard of herbicide tolerant crops and their suitability to India.

What is the concern of environmentalists?

  • The environmentalists are concerned about the potential damage GM crops can cause to human health, to livestock and to biodiversity and the likelihood of field trials to contaminate regular crops.

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