International Current Affairs 2017

Oldest known human DNA decoded

The researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany have decoded the oldest DNA ever found. They have almost completely decoded the mitochondrial DNA (mt DNA) taken from four-lakh year old thigh bone of human family representative of the genus Homo. 

The thigh bone was discovered at a burial site Sima de los Huesos (Bone Pit) that was preserved in Spain’s northern Sierra de Atapuerca highlands. The scientists have found that the mitochondrial genome of Denisovans belongs to the extinct relatives of Neanderthals in Asia.  

What did the researchers find after decoding the oldest DNA?

This research has enhanced the knowledge of the human genetics by 300000 years and also tells about the journey of human’s evolution.  After comparing the code with the modern humans, apes, Neanderthals and their sister group, Denisovans, researchers found that the Spanish hominins were more closely related to the geographically more distant Denisovans than to Neanderthals.

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India to Host 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup

India will host the 2017 Under-17 World Cup Football. This will be the first time India will host an international football competition at world level.

The 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup will be the 17th tournament of the FIFA U-17 World Cup. It is the world championship of association football for male players under the age of 17 organized by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

After the meeting in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil,  FIFA executive committee unveiled that By virtue of being the host country, India will take part in the 24-nation tournament for the first time in its history.

India hosted Asian Football Co federation’s Youth Championships (Under-20) in 2006 and then the AFC Challenge Cup in 2008 but never any FIFA tournament.

Tournament will be held in 6 venues which are to be selected from eight cities – New Delhi, Margao, Banglore, Pune , Mumbai, Kolkata, Kochi and Guwahati.

Note: The 2013 FIFA U-17 World Cup was held in the United Arab Emirates and won by Nigeria after defeating Mexico. Chile will be the host country for the 2015 edition.

  • FIFA awarded South Korea to host Under-20 World Cup in 2017, Jordan to host Women’s Under-17 World Cup in 2016 and South Africa to host 2016 FIFA Under 20 Women’s World Cup.

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