Persons in News 2017

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French mathematician Yves Meyer wins 2017 Abel Prize

French mathematician Yves Meyer has won the prestigious 2017 Abel Prize for his pivotal role in the development of the mathematical theory of wavelets (small waves or ripples).

His theory is used for applications ranging from image compression to the detection of gravitational waves from the merging of black holes. It also allowed scientists to create unique wavelet transforms suited to specific signals.

About Abel Prize

  • It is awarded annually by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters to one or more outstanding mathematicians. It is named after Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel.
  • The award was established by the Government of Norway in 2001. It is described as the mathematician’s Nobel Prize and is one of the world’s top prizes in mathematics
  • It carries monetary award of 6 million Norwegian kroner (NOK) (around 600,000 Euros).
  • Indian American mathematician R. Srinivasa Varadhan was bestowed with this award in 2007 for his fundamental contributions to probability theory and for creating a unified theory of large deviation.

About Wavelets

Wavelets are widely used in signal processing, including in compressing certain formats of JPEG images. They are like their more famous cousins Fourier transforms. They are particularly useful when the goal is to discard some extraneous information (such as low-frequency noise from the universe) while keeping the important signal.

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Yogi Adityanath sworn in as 21st CM of UP

Five-time Parliamentarian and BJP’s firebrand leader Yogi Adityanath (44) was sworn in as the 21st Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Keshav Prasad Maurya and Dinesh Sharma were sworn in as Deputy Chief Ministers.

They were administered the oath to the office and secrecy by Governor Ram Naik at oath taking ceremony held in Kanshiram Smriti Upvan in Lucknow.

Besides them 47-member council of ministers consisting of 22 cabinet ministers, 9 ministers of state (MoS) with independent charge and 13 ministers of states (MoS) also took oath.  The cabinet has 5 female ministers and 1 Muslim Minster, Mohsin Raza.

About Yogi Adityanath

  • Mahant Yogi Adityanath was born as Ajay Singh Bisht on 5 June 1972 in Panchur, Pauri Garhwal district in then undivided Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand).
  • He had renounced his family at the age of 21 and became a disciple of Mahant Avaidyanath, then the head priest of Gorakhnath Math.
  • He was promoted to the rank of Mahant of Guru Gorakhnath Temple, following the death of his spiritual father Mahant Aavaidyanath on 12 September 2014. He is also the founder of the Hindu Yuva Vahini
  • He was elected as a MP of Lok Sabha from the Gorakhpur Constituency, Uttar Pradesh for five consecutive terms (1998, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014). He was the youngest member of the 12th Lok Sabha at 26.
Background

Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) had won the 17th Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election by winning 312 seats of the total 403 seats. BJP’s allies Apna Dal (Sonelal) and Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party won 9 and 4 seats respectively. Samajwadi Party had won 47 seats, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) won 19 seats and Congress had won 7 seats. The election was held from 11 February to 8 March 2017 in 7 phases with voter turnout of 60-61% compared to 59.48% in 2012 elections.

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Trivendra Singh Rawat sworn in as CM of Uttarakhand

Former RSS pracharak and Uttarakhand BJP chief and Trivendra Singh Rawat (56) was sworn in as ninth Chief Minister of Uttarakhand.

He was administered oath to office and secrecy by Governor Krishan Kant Paul at oath taking ceremony held in Parade ground of Dehradun. Besides, him seven Cabinet Minister and two Minister of State (MoS) also took oath.

About Trivendra Singh Rawat

  • He was born in December 1960 in the village of Khairasain in Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand (formerly in Uttar Pradesh).
  • He had oined the right-wing organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), ideological parent of BJP in 1979. He became its pracharak for the Dehradun region in 1985 and subsequently joined the BJP.
  • He was elected from Doiwala in the State’s first legislative assembly elections in 2002 and later in 2007 and 2017. He had served as the State’s Minister of Agriculture from 2007 to 2012.
Background

Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) had won the 2017 Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election by winning 57 seats of the total 70 seats with record vote share of 46.5%. Indian National Congress (INC) had won 11 seats and Independents won 2 seats. The election was held on 15 February 2017 in a single phase for 69 seats except Karnaprayag with saw voter turnout 65.64%.

Note: This is for fifth time BJP has formed government in Uttarakhand. The party formed its first government in the state when it was carved out of Uttar Pradesh in 2000, with Nityanand Swami as the first Chief Minister.

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