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SC orders restoration of Congress Government in Arunachal Pradesh

The Supreme Court has ordered the restoration of former Chief Minister Nabam Tuki’s Congress government in Arunachal Pradesh.

Verdict in this regard was given by a five-judge constitution bench headed by Justice JS Kehar on a bunch of petitions.

These petitions were dealing with discretionary powers of Governor Jyoti Prasad Rajkhowa to summon or advance the assembly session.

SC Verdict

  • Governor’s decision advancing session of the state assembly by a month is violative of the Constitution and is liable to be quashed.
  • All steps and decision taken by the Legislative Assembly pursuant to Governor’s December 2015 are unsustainable and have been set aside.
  • Struck down removal of speaker Nabam Rebia and he should be restored back as Speaker of the House.

Comment

  • The SC judgment means the present Arunachal Pradesh government headed by Chief Minister Kalikho Pul would have to step down and make way for then Congress government headed by Nabam Tuki.
  • It also for the first time in this history, Supreme Court has put back a state government that had been dismissed by the Centre under the President’s rule (under Article 356).

Background

  • The north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh had plunged into political crisis in November 2015 after 21 of the Congress’ legislators of the total 47 had rebelled against then CM Nabam Tuki.
  • The rebellion had reduced the Congress government to 26 legislators (i.e. in minority) in the 60-member assembly.
  • Following the political crisis, the Union Government had imposed President’s rule under Article 356 of Constitution on January 26, 2016.
  • Later the leader of the Congress dissidents’ faction, Kalikho Pul, was sworn in as the 9th Chief Minister in February 2016 with support of twenty rebel Congress legislators and 11 BJP legisators.
For more details: Union Cabinet clears President’s rule in Arunachal Pradesh

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Pokhara-New Delhi direct bus service launched  

The first direct bus service between Pokhara (Nepal) and New Delhi (India) was launched to connect South Asia’s two important cities.

The bus service was flagged off by Nepal Home Minister Shakti Bahadur Basnet and India’s ambassador to Nepal Ranjit Rae from Pokhara (Nepal’s famous tourist spot).

Key Facts

  • The bus service was launched as per the Motor Vehicle Agreement (MVA) signed between both countries.
  • The agreement was signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Nepal visit in 2014.
  • The new bus service between Pokhara and New Delhi was proposed by the Uttar Pradesh State Road transport Corporation (UPSRTC) as per decision taken in MVA.
  • After the signing MVA, regular buses are being plied from New Delhi- Kathmandu, Kathmandu-Varanasi and Mahendranagar-Delhi and vice versa.

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Union Government launches Intensified Diarrhoea Control Fortnight

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched a nationwide Intensified Diarrhoea Control Fortnight (IDCF) to check child diarrhoeal deaths.

The IDCF drive was launched by Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda in New Delhi. It will be observed from 11th to 23rd July, 2016 across the country.

Key Facts

  • The IDCF drive is a very cost -effective intervention to curb the risk of spread of diarrhoea which scales up during monsoon season
  • Intensified community awareness campaigns on hygiene and promotion of Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) and Zinc therapy will be conducted at state, district and village levels.
  • Under this initiative, government aims at covering over 80 per cent of children (of the 10 crore children below five years of age) affected by diarrhoea across the country.
  • The importance of this drive is that to make ORS available in the household when needed at the time of diarrhoea.
  • ASHAs will visit all households with children below 5 years of age for pre-positioning the ORS. They will also explain the benefits of these.
  • All health facilities will have ORS corners which will continuously demonstrate the way to prepare the ORS mixture.
  • These corners will also administer ORS and Zinc to children who are in need of these during diarrhoea.

Diarrhoea

  • Diarrhoea is caused by various virus, bacteria and protozoa like rotavirus, E.coli etc.
  • The main reasons for diarrhoeal attacks amongst children are contaminated water, inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene, malnutrition and lack of immunisation.
  • The combination of ORS and Zinc is the most cost-effective intervention to prevent deaths due to diarrhoea.

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