Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2017

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Alternatives to Endosulfan available

The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) Review Committee to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants approved the assessment of 100 chemical alternatives to insecticide and acaricide Endosulfan.  The committee also suggested its non-chemical alternatives.

Which of the approved alternatives are used in India?

Among the approved alternatives which are used in India, some are:-

  • Malathion
  • Aldicarb
  • Carbofuran
  • Cabaryl
  • Fipronil
  • Methyl parathion
  • Pyrethrin

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India opposes balkanization of Internet

In recent development, India has distanced itself from any model that promulgates governments control over internet.

What is the background of the issue?

The issue is regarding the control of the internet related tasks and its governance. Initially, till 1998, other organization on behalf of U.S. government used to oversee internet related tasks. Later, a non-profit private organization was established by the U.S. to govern the task. The organization is called Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

Nations such as Russia, China, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan want governance models that seek to place the Internet under U.N. control while the U.S. and western states are hesitant to move away from the status quo position of ICANN-led Internet governance.

What is India’s current stance on the matter?

While India is not opposing ICANN control over internet, it has sought consensus from multi-stakeholders to develop an appropriate model for the effective management of the Internet. India opposes any model that propagates governments or inter-governmental control of internet, which as per India could lead to balkanization of internet.

What are the functions of ICANN?

ICANN is responsible for:

· Coordination of the global Internet’s systems of unique identifiers

· Ensuring stable and secure operation of internet.

· Coordination of the Internet Protocol address spaces

· Assignment of address blocks to regional Internet registries, for maintaining registries of Internet protocol identifiers, and for the management of the top-level domain name space (DNS root zone), which includes the operation of root name servers.

· DNS policy development for internationalization of the DNS system

· Introduction of new generic top-level domains (TLDs)

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PH1: Newly discovered planet

A new planet which is called PH1 has been discovered by researchers.

  • Six times larger than the Earth
  • Located at 5,000 light years distance from the Earthclip_image002
  • Present in the constellation of Cygnus
  • Its sky is illuminated by 4 stars
  • It is the seventh planet to be found orbiting binary stars, and the first to have four stars.

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