Current Affairs – April 2016

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Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson named as new PM of Iceland

Iceland ruling coalition Government has named Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson (53) as the new Prime Minister after igmundur Gunnlaugsson had stepped down .

Prior to this, he was Agriculture and Fisheries Minister (since 2013) and deputy leader of the Progressive Party of the Ireland.

Earlier from May 2013 to December 2014 he also had served as Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources.

Background

  • Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson’s appointment comes after Sigmundur Gunnlaugsson had stepped down as PM in the wake of the leaked Panama Papers.
  • The leaks of Panama Papers from Panama law firm Mossack Fonseca, a law firm specialises in setting up offshore companies showed Gunnlaugsson owned an offshore firm with his wife.
  • Gunnlaugsson was the first casualty after the explosive leaks of confidential documents from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca surfaced.
  • The leak had disclosed up to 11 million documents revealing how the rich and powerful people across the world hide their wealth, potentially to evade taxes.

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Bronze bust of Aryabhatta unveiled at UNESCO Headquarters

A bronze bust of ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta was unveiled at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France.

It was unveiled by Union Human Resource and Development Minister Smriti Irani. She was in the French capital to attend the International Conference on Zero.

The bust has been sculpted by renowned Indian sculptor Ram Sutar who was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian awards for his contribution to the world of art.

International Conference on Zero

  • The international conference was held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France from 4 April – 5 April 2016.
  • It was hosted by the permanent delegation of India to UNESCO along with Pierre and Marie Curie University.
  • The Conference was held on the following topics: (i) Gems of Ramanujan and their Lasting Impact on Mathematics. (ii) Indian Mathematics: Negative Numbers, Zero, Infinity and Beyond. (iii) Zero: Infinity and Set Theory (iv) Panel discussion on the Arabic traditions in Mathematics and (v) Mathematics in Indian Music.
  • It shared the rich and remarkable history of mathematics, through the participation of some brilliant minds.

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Odisha Government launches Adarsh Vidyalaya Project

Odisha Government has launched Adarsh Vidyalaya (AV) project to provide modern schools facilities on the lines of Kendriya Vidyalayas in the underdeveloped rural areas of the state.

It was launched by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at Sasan Ambagaon village in his home constituency Hinjli in Ganjam district.

Key features of the project

  • Schools under AV project will provide free education to students the classes from VI to XII along with free uniforms and other study materials.
  • These schools will be affiliated under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and shall have hostel facility in future.
  • Under this project, one Adarsh Vidyalaya will be set up in each of the 314 revenue blocks of the state.
  • They will be managed by the Odisha Adarsh Vidyalaya Sangathan (AVS) and will be formed on the lines of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS).
  • In these schools, English will be the first language and Odia will be the second language as medium of instruction.
  • The project will be implemented in phases and in the first phase 100 such schools will start functioning on 5 April 2016.
  • The teacher-pupil ratio of these schools will be 1:25 and classroom-student ratio of 1:40. 50 per cent of total seats will be reserved for the girls and scheduled categories.

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