Agriculture Current Affairs

UP Government, Netherlands ink MoU for setting up skill development Center for farmers

The Uttar Pradesh government has signed a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) with the Netherlands to set up a skill development center to help farmers

The MoU was signed by Dutch Ambassador Alphonsus Stoelinga and UP Chief Secretary Deepak Singhal in presence of Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.

Key Facts

  • The MoU would ensure that farmers would get information in food processing and modern techniques for better produce of sugarcane, potato, dairy development and flowers.
  • The Skill Development Centre established under this MoU aims to improve the cultivation skills of farmers.
  • As per the MoU, Netherlands will help Uttar Pradesh Government in solid waste management, urban development and infrastructure and water management.
  • Besides it will also support Uttar Pradesh Government in water supply, cleanliness of water resources, sewage treatment, transport management and revival of water bodies.
  • The MoU will be effective for 3 years and would also help in land reclamation of 1,500 acres in the Ganga basin in Kanpur and development of cultural heritage.

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India, ADB sign $100 Million Loan pact on Cauvery basin development

India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have signed a 100 million dollars loan agreement for irrigation projects, drainage system and water management in Vennar sub-basin of Cauvery delta in Tamil Nadu.

The project seeks to improve water management and strengthen embankments of 6 major irrigation water channels in Vennar system.

Cauvery river basin is a critical source of water for agriculture in Tamil Nadu and neighbouring states. The vast majority of the delta’s population is engaged in farming and fishing.

Earlier due to lack of investment the left irrigation system was unable to meet user demand and increasingly vulnerable to floods and droughts.

Key Facts

  • The project aims to improve existing infrastructure and also provide flood protection and renewed access to irrigation.
  • The loan funds will support Tamil Nadu’s water resources professionals to manage resources better, and with greater involvement of the stakeholders they service.
  • Under it, flood forecasting and warning systems will be also installed. A flood risks map will be also drawn to help communities respond more effectively to extreme events.
  • The loan will be provided from ADB’s ordinary capital resources which has a 25-year term. The project is expected to be completed by December 2020.

About Asian Development Bank (ADB)

ADB is multilateral lending agency based in Manila, Philippines. It is dedicated to reduce poverty in Asia and the Pacific region through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. It is collectively owned by 67 members – 48 from the region including India.

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NBAGR confers rare and singular species genetic recognition tag to Kendrapara sheep

The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) has conferred rare and singular species genetic recognition tag to the threatened breed of Kendrapara sheep found in Odisha.

It has received registration number INDIA_SHEEP_1500_KENDRAPADA_14042. It became the 42nd sheep breed in India to receive such tag.

The genetically rare status will help to boost conservation effort to protect these domesticated threatened sheep. Previously, two buffalo and four cattle breeds’ native to Odisha were registered at national level by NBAGR.

About Kendrapara sheep

  • Kendrapara sheep is found only in coastal Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara districts of Odisha. Locally it is called kuji mendha.
  • The average adult sheep weighs 18-20 kg and are dwarf in built with the body covered with coarse hair. They are well adapted to high ambient temperature, high humidity and heavy rain.
  • Kendrapara sheep carries FecB mutation gene, which is responsible for prolificacy (multiple babies in same delivery) or multiple birth syndrome.
  • This characteristic makes them distinctive from other species sheep species as they are not known for giving multiple births.
  • Kendrapara sheep is second sheep breed in India (other one is Garole sheep found in West Bengal) and the sixth in the world that carries FecB mutation gene.
  • Economic Significance: Multiple-birth characteristics make it a profitable livelihood source. They are primarily used for mutton production. Besides, their skin also has economic importance.

National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR): It premier institute is dedicated to work with its mandate of identification, characterization, evaluation, conservation and utilization of livestock and poultry genetic resources of the country.

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