The Union Cabinet has approved for the creation of Telangana with 10 districts and sketched the draft for carving out the India’s 29th state from the current Andhra Pradesh.
The Cabinet chaired by PM Manmohan Singh gave its nod to a draft reorganization bill based on the recommendations of Group of Ministers (GoM) and dropped a debatable move to add two districts of Rayalaseema to Telangana.
Now, the bill will be sent to the President with a request to make a reference to Andhra Pradesh assembly to obtain its views. The government intends to bring the bill in the winter session of parliament but it depends on when the President returns the bill after signing it.
Highlights of the Telangana Bill:
- Telangana will have 10 districts and the rest of Andhra Pradesh 13 districts.
- Both the states will have Hyderabad as their capital for a period not exceeding 10 years.
- Governor of Telangana will have to bear a special responsibility for security of life, liberty and property of all those who reside in the common capital area. The Governor may be assisted by two advisors to be appointed by the Government of India (GoI).
- Financial and other assistance to the creation of a new capital for the successor state of Andhra Pradesh will be provided by the Government of India. The capital will be recommended by an expert panel.
- For proper management of water resources and projects on Krishna and Godavari rivers, institutional mechanism with full involvement and participation of government of India will be set up.
- Polavaram will be declared as a national project and will be executed by the union government following all environmental and R&R norms.
- There are detailed provisions in the bill on matters relating to coal, power, oil and gas, division of assets and liabilities and allocation of government employees.
- Article 371 D will continue for the both states to ensure equitable opportunities for education and public employment.
Current admission quotas in higher technical and medical institutions will remain for a period not exceeding 5 years.
Andhra Pradesh is on high alert as very severe cyclone Lehar is gusting towards it. Currently, it is centered 650 km east-southeast on Machilipatttam in the State where it is likely to hit. It would be the second storm to hit Andhra in barely a week after the impact of cyclone Helen. The Army, the Navy and the Coast Guard have been alerted. Fishermen have been asked not to venture into the sea while those already in the sea have been asked to return.
Article 371(D) of the Constitution needs to be amended for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh: Law Ministry
The Union Law Ministry informed the Group of Ministers (GoM) that the Article 371 (D) of the Constitution of India needed to be amended for facilitating bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. The Article 371D of Constitution of India grants Special provisions with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh.
The constitution Amendment Bill would require two-third majority of Parliament for its passage, which will be the toughest challenge in the process.
The HRD ministry has given its nod to establish an IIT, an IIM and 3 central universities among other institutes for the region. The decision would be placed before the GoM for consideration. The ministry has also cleared an IISER and an IIIT for the region.
Why this decision to set up IIT, IIM, 3 central varsities in Seemandhra, by HRD Ministry ?
This has been done in a bid to compensate the Semandhra region for the loss it will face due to the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. As we know that the state of Andhra Pradesh is undergoing bifurcation to form two new states comprising Telangana region and Semandhra region. The move would leave the Seemandhra region without any of the elite higher educational institutes which are mostly concentrated in Hyderabad in the Telangana region. The current decision of the HRD Ministry is aimed at striking a balance between the two regions as far as establishment of premier institutes are concerned. For setting up the institutes an investment in the range of Rs 6,000 to Rs 7,000 crore would be required.