The northeast monsoon is expected to be vigorous over Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and southern interior of Karnataka, and active over Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Most places in Rayalaseema, Karnataka and Lakshadweep, and many places in coastal Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are already experiencing rainfall.
About Northeast Monsoon
The period between October to December in peninsular India is referred to as the northeast monsoon season. The northeast monsoon used to be called ‘post-monsoon season’ or ‘retreating southwest monsoon season’.
The northeast monsoon is a major period of rainfall activity over the southern peninsula, especially coastal Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema and the Tamilnadu-Pondicherry region. For Tamilnadu, this is the main rainy season accounting for about 48% of the annual rainfall.
Generally, northeast monsoon rains occur in spells of about 3 to 4 days duration. Spells exceeding 4 days occur less often and there are long spells of dry weather with little or no rain. Rainfall is concentrated in the afternoon, evening or early part of the night, except when a depression is formed nearby.
Relief and rehabilitation efforts were taking place to the fullest extent in Andhra Pradesh, as the state tries to get back to normal. Meanwhile, PM Modi announced interim relief of Rs. 1,000 cr for Andhra Pradesh.
PM Modi arrived in Visakhapatnam and conducted an aerial survey of cyclone hit regions. He reviewed the scale of destruction and the ongoing rescue and relief operations. The PM also held a review meeting with the CM of Andhra, state leaders and other officials. Post meeting, the PM made the following announcements:-
- Ex-gratia of Rs. 2 lakh for the family members of the deceased
- Interim relief of Rs. 1,000 cr for Andhra (AP CM has requested for 2,000 cr)
- Formation of teams by the Centre, which will visit cyclone hit areas and submit reports on damage incurred by each sector. Then, allotment of funds will be done on the basis of these reports.
Extent of destruction/loss
- Visakhapatnam Port Trust has incurred losses worth Rs. 200 cr. Also, it will take at least a week to restore flights activities.
- Eastern Power Distribution Company of Andhra Pradesh Limited alone has incurred a loss of Rs. 40,000 crore, including damage to substations, high-tension transmission lines, poles and disruption in distribution network.
- 16,000 electric poles and 6,000 transformers have been damaged
- Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited has incurred a loss of Rs. 1,000 cr
- Indian Navy has incurred a loss of Rs. 2,000 cr
- Andhra University has incurred a loss of Rs. 300 cr
- Visakhapatnam airport has incurred a loss of Rs. 500 cr
- Road networks have suffered a loss of Rs. 800 cr
- Over 6,836 houses have been damaged, and 181 boats are either damaged or missing
Relief work by Andhra government
The state government has been taking the following measures to bring life back to normalcy in the state:-
- Importance is being given to first removing the uprooted trees and clearing the debris
- Restoration of communication lines is also being taken up by cell phone companies
- Electric poles and transformers are being repaired, so that power may return to all the badly hit areas
- Packages of food items are being provided in all cyclone hit areas. This food package comprises of rice, kerosene, sugar, dal, potato, onion, palm oil and chilly powder, among others. Also, vegetables are also being supplied at very low rates so that people don’t struggle to get essential commodities
Cyclone Hudhud is expected to make landfall near Vishakapatnam on October 12 according to the IMD (Indian Meteorological Department). The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has put its battalions in TN, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar on high alert. Central Government has sent 39 teams of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) comprising 1,573 personnel, 193 boats and other equipment to Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. NDRF has also set up a Control Room at Delhi whose number is – 011-26107953. Additional battalions are being considered for deployment in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
Warnings from Government Organisations
The IMD has predicted rainfall at most places in this region to be heavy to heavy, with some isolated areas facing extremely heavy rainfall. The Indian Railways has also issued a warning to passengers travelling from or through these states. Cancellation or delay of trains is expected if the situation warrants it. The states in the Bay of Bengal region have issued warnings asking fishermen not to venture deep into the sea. The intensity of Hudhud is expected to be on the lines of that of cyclone Phailin which hit Odisha last year.
Preparation in Andhra Pradesh
The Andhra Pradesh government has identified 26 sub-districts which are expected to be affected by Hudhud. 125 relief camps have been organized to evacuate people along the coast.