China building world’s largest animal cloning factory

China is building the world’s biggest animal cloning factory to recreate sniffer dogs, racehorses, pets and beef cattle.

In this regard, Chinese scientists have signed a deal to create a commercial animal cloning centre in Tianjin, north-eastern China.

Key facts

  • The factory would be built in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA) which is a business development park sponsored by the government.
  • It is joint project of Chinese biotechnology firm Boyalife and South Korea’s Sooam Biotech. Peking University and Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biomedicine are also part of it.
  • The cloning factory will include cloning laboratories, a gene bank and a science education centre and will be constructed at the cost of 31 million US dollars.
  • It would produce cloned animals such as pet and police dogs, racehorses and cow to be sold on the open market on an industrial scale.
  • The factory would produce 100,000 cattle embryos annually and later expand the annual output to one million. It would help to produce enough beef to meet increasing demand.

It should be noted that China’s first commercial animal cloning centre was established in 2014 in the eastern Shandong Province. Since 2000, Chinese Researchers have cloned sheep, cattle and pigs but not for non-scientific research. In 2009, South Korea’s customs service had deployed the world’s first cloned dogs.


Sri Lanka won’t allow any country to set up naval base on its territory

Sri Lankan Government has announced that they would not any country to set up naval base on its territory.

This announcement was made by Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe while he was speaking at the International Maritime Dialogue at Galle, Sri Lanka.

Significance of this announcement

  • The statement of Sri Lankan Prime Minister ends the apprehensions that Sri Lanka may allow China to use all or part of any of its harbours or ports for strategic naval military use.
  • Major setback for Chinese strategy to increase its geopolitical influence of soft diplomacy in Asia, East Africa connectivity and so called String of Pearls Theory.
  • Possibly stop Chinese long term plan to extend its sea power and geopolitical influence in the Indian Ocean. Thus, benefiting India’s influence in strategically important maritime regions connecting west with east.

Under the so called String of Pearls Theory

  • China was building special diplomatic and military relationships with Pakistan and Sri Lanka for extending its reach down the Indian Ocean and secure its energy security sea lines.
  • It was seeking to encircle India by setting up new strategic ports, airfields in Pakistan (Gwadar), Sri Lanka (Hambantota) and Bangladesh (Chittagong).
  • Chinese intentions was to increase its geopolitical influence in the Indian Ocean region mainly to overcome several major maritime choke points for its sea lines such as the Strait of Mandeb, Strait of Malacca, Strait of Hormuz and Lombok Strait.


Chinese Navy conducts drills in South China Sea

The People’s Liberation Army Navy (Chinese Navy) conducted several naval drills in disputed South China Sea (SCS) by employing its major destroyers and frigates, carrier-based helicopters and new submarines.

Key facts

  • The naval exercise was based out of the Sanya training base of the Chinese Navy which mainly focused on anti-submarine warfare.
  • It was conducted as part of a regular annual naval drill aimed at implementing President Xi Jinping’s call for a military that is capable of fighting and winning wars.
  • Chinese navy claims that these drills have vigorously improved the Chinese navy’s anti-submarine combat abilities based on informationalised systems.
  • However, they have not disclosed the details of the exact time and places for the maneuvers of these drills.


These naval exercises were conducted after United States (US) President Barack Obama and leaders of other Asian Countries bordering SCS had recently voiced their concerns and pressurised China over its giant land reclamation projects in disputed waters of SCS during the 2015 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit held in Manila, Philippines.

China is claiming its territorial sovereignty over the entire SCS including the adjacent waters of its Asian neighbours including Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan which in turn is harming the regional peace and stability.