China Current Affairs

China launches second Shijian-16 series satellite

China has successfully launched its second Shijian-16 series satellite for space research and experiments. The first Shijian-16 satellite was launched in October 2013.

The satellite was launched on board of Long March-4B rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in Jiuquan, northwest China’s Gansu Province. It was the 231st by a Long March rocket.

Key Facts

  • The second Shijian-16 satellite will be used for space environment measurements and technology testing.
  • It will mainly probe the space environment, radiation and its effects and also record space physical environment parameters and conduct other related space experiments.

About Long March-4B rocket

  • Long March-4B rocket is s a Chinese orbital carrier rocket used to launch sun-synchronous orbiting meteorological satellites.
  • The carries was developed by the Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology (SAST) and was first introduced in May 1999.
  • It is three stages rocket weighing 248470 kg and s 45.58 meters long and has diameter of 3.35 meters. It is capable to launch a 2800 kg satellite into low Earth orbit.


China sets up first dark sky reserve in Tibet to limit light pollution

China has established country’s first dark sky reserve for astronomical observation in the Tibetan prefecture of Ngari, bordering Nepal and India.

The reserve was jointly launched by the China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation (GDF) and the regional government of Tibet.

Dark-sky reserve: It is an area that is kept free of artificial light pollution. The purpose of a dark sky preserve is generally to promote astronomy. It usually surrounding a park or observatory.

Key Facts

  • The Ngari Dark reserve aims to limit light pollution by stepping up protection of dark-sky resources for education and tourism development.
  • It covers an area of 2,500 square kilometres. The first dark sky reserve is considered only the first step undertaken by China in protecting the area from light pollution.
  • The reserve will also try to seek accreditation from the International Dark-Sky Association, a non-profit organisation based in the US.
  • The accreditation will help the reserve in preserving and protecting the night time environment and dark skies globally.

Ngari in Tibet is among the best sites for astronomical observation on earth, due to its high altitude and large number of cloudless days throughout the year. However, in the recent times inflow of people from other areas has given rise to increasing urbanisation and thus the associated risk of more light pollution.

What is Light pollution?

Light pollution is artificial brightening of the night sky caused by man-made lightening sources, which has a disruptive effect on natural cycles and inhibits the observation of stars and planets. It is also known as photopollution or luminous pollution and basically is the misdirected or obtrusive of natural light by excessive artificial light.


India ranks 10th in FDI inflows: UNCTAD report

As per the recently released 2016 World Investment Report, India ranks 10th in FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflows.

As per the report, India’s FDI inflows have increased to 44 billion dollars in 2015 as compared to 35 billion dollars in 2014.

Key highlights of the report

  • Top 10 Countries are: United States, Hong Kong, China, Ireland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore, Brazil, Canada and India.
  • United States with 380 billion dollars FDI inflows has topped the list.
  • China with FDI inflows at 136 billion dollars (more than three times India’s FDI) in 2015 was ranked third.
  • Globally, the FDI activity has increased by 38%,signalling revival in investment sentiments is on the cards.
  • In terms of FDI outflows, there has been a decline in most developing and transition regions. However, in this case China is one of the exceptions.
  • Striking the right balance between regulation and liberalization to promote investment for sustainable development is also highlighted.
  • Liberalization measures have been applied by eliminating or relaxing entry requirements in financial services, aviation, mining and real estate.
  • Restrictions, on the other hand, have been imposed on the national security and related reasons.