China

First China-CELAC Forum ministerial meeting concludes in Beijing

First ministerial meeting of the Forum of China and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) concluded in Beijing.

It was two-day meeting and was co-chaired by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Costa Rican counterpart, Manuel Gonzalez Sanz.

First China-CELAC Forum ministerial meeting passed three major documents:

  • Beijing Declaration.
  • Five-year cooperation plan.
  • Regulations on the China-CELAC forum.

Both sides also reached a consensus on deepening political mutual trust, expanding cooperation and promoting development of the forum.

On the concluding day it was announced that forum’s next meeting will be held in Chile in 2018.

Implication of this forum: It is considered as historical meeting as it launched to improve overall cooperation between China and countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region.  It will also build a closer CELAC-China relationship and benefit people from both sides.

Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)

CELAC is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean countries. It was outcome of Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit.

It was created in 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.

This bloc consists of 33 sovereign countries as its members in the southern American region representing around 600 million people.

Chinese Physicist Yu Min awarded State Preeminent Science and Technology Award 2014

Prominent Chinese theoretical physicist Yu Min has been awarded State Preeminent Science and Technology Award for 2014.

Chinese President Xi Jinping gave him the award in the ceremony held at Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

He was awarded for his groundbreaking research which led to the development of China’s first hydrogen bomb in 1967. It was tested after China’s first successful atomic weapons test. He is famously known as China’s ‘Father of Hydrogen bomb’.

About Yu Min

He was a researcher at the Modern Physics Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

His work on nuclear weapon theory played a critical role in the design of the nuclear weapons of China and number of high-tech research projects.

He has also won China’s national scientific progress prizes three time and was honored as a national labor model, and in 1992 was awarded the Guanghua Special Prize.

About State Preeminent Science and Technology Award of China 

It is China’s highest prize, awarded annually by the State president to country’s scientists. It is also referred to as the State Supreme Science and Technology Award and considered as the China’s Nobel Prize.

It was started in 2000 and declared in month of January of every year.

This award consists of monetary sum of 5 million Renminbi (official currency China). Out of this total sum, 10% is given to the awarded scientist, and 90% is given as the fund for his scientific research project.

China launches Yaogan-26 remote sensing satellite

China has launched Yaogan-26 a remote sensing satellite into the preset orbit from Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in north China’s Shanxi Province.

The satellite was carried by a Long March-4B rocket, marking the 202th mission for the rocket family.

Yaogan-26 satellite will mainly be used for scientific experiments, land surveys, crop yield estimates and disaster prevention.

Facts about Yaogan Satellite series

  • In 2006, China launched Yaogan-1, first satellite in the Yaogan series.
  • In total, China has planned to launch about 70 remote sensing satellites to detect the near-Earth space environment and predict extreme events.
  • As part of Yaogan Satellite series, China is also launching about 20 communication satellites to meet communication demand in national security and public services.
  • Besides, China is launching about 30 navigation satellites to provide accurate and reliable global positioning and navigation services.

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