Mr. Ibrahim Mahlab sworn- in as new Prime Minister of Egypt. He is a former member of Hosni Mubarak’s political party. Mr. Mahlab replaced Mr. Hazem el-Beblawi, who was interim Prime Minister of Egypt since 2013. Previously, he was the housing minister in the previous administration. Mr. Mahlab would head Egypt’s sixth government since the 2011 uprising that toppled the autocratic President Hosni Mubarak. He is expected to lead an interim government at least until the election of a new president.
The Egyptian constitution 2014 approved in a referendum.The newly-approved constitution replaces the Egyptian Constitution of 2012 which came into effect under former President, Mohammed Morsi. The Supreme Electoral Committee (SEC) declared that the newly drafted national charter approved by 98.1% voters.
- The referendum is a key step in the political transition plan by the military-backed interim government on the road to democracy. It stated that the constitution would be followed by parliamentary elections and presidential polls.
- The referendum shows that citizens of Egypt indirectly support military chief General Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi as Presidential candidate.
Salient features of Egyptian constitution
- Drafted by a liberal-dominated committee appointed by the government.
- Chairman of the Constituent Assembly: Veteran Egyptian diplomat Mr. Amr Moussa.
- Support the Egypt’s three key institutions: the military, the police and the judiciary.
- State religion: Islam; a basis for the country’s law system; though freedom of religion is also guaranteed.
- Ban on political parties, who are based on religion.
- Gave women equal rights and protect the status of minority Christians.
- The President will be elected for a four-year term, and may serve for two terms.
- The parliament may impeach the president.
- The Minister of Defense is to be chosen by the military for the first 8 years.
Note: The Islamists led by Muslim Brotherhood boycotted the referendum.
As per a new theory, ancient Egyptians built the pyramids by piling up rubble on the inside and then attaching the large bricks on the outside later. This new theory is proposed by a British engineer, Peter James (54) at Cintec International in Newport, South Wales. He spent the past 20 years on studying pyramids. Structural engineer Mr. James and his team are world leaders in re-establishing ancient sites.
What does the new theory by Peter James on the building of Pyramids say?
- Inside the Step pyramid in Egypt, the research team discovered that a massive tonnage of small stones was being held up only by the trunk of a palm tree thousands of years old.
- James believes that the inside of the pyramids are made of small, easily handled blocks and that they were built from the inside out — not the outside in.
- And outer stones fell off because of thermal expansion due to the great differences in temperature between day and night, ranging from 50C to 3C.
Note: This theory challenged the hundreds of years of accepted belief that the pyramids were built with giant blocks carried up huge ramps.
As per a new poll conducted by The Times, the co-founder of Microsoft and a billionaire philanthropist Mr. Bill Gates is the most admired person on the planet. He is better known for donating large sums of money to charitable organizations and scientific research and is highly regarded globally.
Other Admired Personalities
- Second most admired person in the poll was US president Barack Obama, followed by Russian leader Vladimir Putin and Pope Francis.
- Chinese President Xi Jinping was at 6th position.
- There were seven Indians in the list of 30 most-admired people.
- Indians: Cricketing legend Sachin Tendulkar (5), BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi (7), Bollywood icon Amitabh Bachchan (9), former President Abdul Kalam (10), social activist Anna Hazare (14), Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal (18) and Business tycoon Ratan Tata (30).
- Only six women were on the list of 30 most admired people.
- Women: Queen Elizabeth (17th), US talk show host Oprah Winfrey (20th), German Chancellor Angela Merkel (26th), former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (27th) and Chinese contemporary folk singer Peng Liyuan (28th).
Note: The “World’s most admired people poll” was conducted by YouGov for The Times by surveying approx 14,000 people in 13 countries. The countries that took part were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, the US, Australia, Pakistan, Indonesia, India, China, Egypt, Nigeria and Brazil.