Justice Nanavati Commission has submitted its final report on the 2002 Gujarat riots to state chief minister Anandiben Patel. The final report of the commission on the 2002 riots, in which more than 1,000 people, mostly of minority community, were killed, comes after extensive investigation which ran over a period of more than 12 years and has more than 2,000 pages.
The commission members:
Retired d Supreme Court justice G T Nanavati and Retired High Court Justice Akshay Mehta.
In 2008, the inquiry panel had submitted one part of its finding with regard to the Godhra train burning incident.
In the part one report, the commission had concluded that the burning of S-6 coach of Sabarmati Express near Godhra railway station was a planned conspiracy.
Initially, the Terms of Reference (TOR) of the commission were to inquire into the facts, circumstances and course of events that led to the burning of the S-6 coach of Sabarmati Express.
About Nanavati Commission
On 3rd March 2002, Gujarat government under the Commission of Inquiry Act had constituted commission comprising of Justice K G Shah in the wake of the Godhra train carnage on February 27, 2002, and the subsequent communal riots across the state.
In May 2002, the state government appointed retired Supreme Court justice G T Nanavati as the chairman of the commission and the TOR were further amended in June 2002, as per which the panel was also asked to inquire the incidents of violence that took place after the Godhra incident.
In 2008, after the death of justice K G Shah, retd high court Justice Akshay Mehta was appointed to the panel. The commission was given 24 extensions of around six months each to complete its investigations.
The commission investigated roles of then Chief Minister Narendra Modi, as per the TOR, his Cabinet colleagues of that time, senior government and police officers along with functionaries of some right wing organisations during the period of 2002 riots.
In first week of November 2014, Gujarat Governor O P Kohli gave his assent to the controversial Gujarat Local Authorities Laws Bill, 2009 and gave his sanction for implementation.
This bill has the provisions of compulsory voting and 50 per cent reservation for women in the institutions of local self-governance.
Once the Act comes into effect, Gujarat will be the first state to have the provision of compulsory voting in local body polls.
Key provision of Gujarat Local Authorities Laws Bill
- The Bill encompasses municipal corporations, municipalities and the district, taluka and village panchayats of Gujarat.
- 50 per cent reservation for women in local bodies, raising the quota from 33 per cent.
- A person, who does not vote in the local body polls, will be liable for penal action and punishment. However, the nature of penalty that would be taken against defaulters has not mentioned.
- The new rule applies to the elections to all seven municipal corporations, 159 municipalities, 26 district panchayats, 223 taluka panchayats and in 13,713 village panchayats of the state.
Background of the Bill
The Gujarat Local Authorities Laws (Amendment) Bill 2009 has amended the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corp Act 1949, the Gujarat Municipalities Act, 1963 and the Gujarat Panchayat’s Act 1993.
The bill was passed by the legislative assembly twice in 2009 and 2011 when Narendra Modi was Chief Minister of the state.
Earlier, then Governor Dr. Kamla Beniwal had withheld the bill by saying that the provision of compulsory voting is violation of Article 21 of the Constitution and forcing voter to vote is against the principles of an individual liberty. However, in December 2009, the Bill was again cleared by the House and was returned for reconsideration to Governor in April 2010. It was again passed in March 2011, but didn’t succeed in getting assent of then Gujarat Governor Kamla Beniwal.
Wind turbine manufacturer Suzlon Energy has installed the world’s first and tallest hybrid wind generator turbine in Kutch, Gujarat. This installation was part Gujarat’s focused approach on enhancing Renewable Energy Portfolio in order to meet the dual objective of Sustainable Development and ensuring India’s Energy Security.
In 2008, the Suzlon Energy had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Gujarat Government to set up 2000 MW of wind energy capacity in the state.
Key features of Suzlon’s tallest hybrid wind generator turbine
- The turbine will generate 12-15 percent more energy.
- Hybrid wind turbine will be 120-metre in height. It is taller than conventional wind turbine towers by 40 metres.
- With this new turbine, the installed wind energy capacity at the Kutch region of Gujarat has gone up to 1100 MW. It makes it the Asia’s biggest wind energy park at one location.
- This tower is ideal for low wind areas and the potential is huge. In the next three years, this region will have 2000 MW of wind energy capacity.
About Suzlon Energy
Suzlon Energy is a leading wind power products and services company with a global footprint. It was established in 1995. Suzlon is credited with developing one of the world’s largest wind farms in the western Indian state of Gujarat and Rajasthan.
The company has presence across six continents: North and South America, Asia, Australia, Europe, and Africa. The Suzlon Group has built its presence in over 31 countries and has achieved a milestone by crossing over 25000 MW of wind power installations globally.