Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs

ZSI to record climate change impact on animals in five Himalayan states

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has launched long-term monitoring studies project to document the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity in five Himalayan states.

These five Himalayan states are Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.

Key Facts

  • Under the project, ZSI will monitor indicators in species like butterflies, bees, fish and other insects to find how their distribution has been affected by climate change.
  • The project has been funded by the Union Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The duration of the project is for three years.
  • To study the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity latest technologies such as GIS mapping and bioinformatics will be used.
  • The collected data on the distribution of species will be compared with the old records available with ZSI. It will help to depict the impact of climate change on their survival.

About Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

  • ZSI is the apex institution on animal (fauna) taxonomy in India.
  • Established: 1 July 1916. 2016 is the centenary year of ZSI.
  • Headquarter: It also has 16 regional centres located in different parts of the country.
  • Objective: To promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in the Indian subcontinent. It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
  • Functions under: Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It activities are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division of MoEFCC.
  • It has been declared as the designated repository for the National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002
  • Activities Undertaken: Study of the fauna of states, of conservation areas, of important ecosystems. Status survey of endangered species, fauna of India and ecological Studies & Environmental impact assessments.
  • ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by IUCN.

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Himachal Pradesh becomes first state to launch green-concept based State Data Centre

Himachal Pradesh became the first state in the country to have a State Data Centre (SDC), designed using green data centre concept.

It was launched by Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh in Shimla.

Key Facts

  • The SDC will offer 101 people-oriented services online through an integrated data base.
  • It would integrate the websites of various departments and all services can be accessed through the integrated data base.
  • It would help in saving time and money spent on creation of infrastructure as all services would be provided online in digital format thus, giving boost to paperless governance.
  • It is first SDC in the country which has been designed using green data centre concept to minimise power requirement and increase power utilisation efficiency.
  • SDC would help different state government departments to roll out more government-to-citizen-services. It will also enable people these services from anywhere and anytime.

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Himachal Pradesh launches artificial propagation programme of mahseer fish for conservation

Himachal Pradesh fisheries department has started an artificial propagation programme for rehabilitation and conservation of Golden Mahseer fish.

Under this programme, a hatchery has been set up in the state with an outlay of Rs 6 crore to rear mahseer fish and release its fingerlings into the wild.

Population Decline

  • The population of the golden mahseer has seen decline in recent times in rivers of Himachal Pradesh as they are hunted for sport and food.
  • It also has declined due to various reasons such as construction of dams, barrages, indiscriminate fishing of juvenile and brood fish, pollution, introduction of exotic species and habitat deterioration.

About Golden mahseer

  • Golden mahseer is the longest-living freshwater fish. It is also known as the tiger of Indian rivers and belongs to the genus Tor.
  • It is native to mountain and sub-mountain regions and is found at altitudes of up to 2,000 metres above sea level.
  • During the southwest floods it migrates upstream for spawning and after spawning, it returns to the original feeding grounds
  • International Union of Conservation of Natural Resources (IUCN) has declared it endangered.

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