Manipur

PM inaugurates birth centenary celebrations of Rani Gaidinliu

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 24 August 2015 inaugurated birth centenary celebrations of freedom fighter Rani Gaidinliu.

On this occasion he launched commemorative coin of 100 rupees and circulation coin of 5 rupees of Rani Gaidinliu to mark her birth centenary celebrations.

About Rani Gaidinliu

  • Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga political and spiritual leader who had led a revolt against British colonial rule in India.
  • Her political struggle in present North east India was based on Gandhian principles of Satyagraha, non-violence, self-reliance. She also had played an important role in India’s wider freedom movement by spreading the message of Gandhi ji in Manipur region.
  • She was born on 26 January 1915 in Nungkao (a Rongmei village) in northeastern state of Manipur. She died on 17 February 1993 in Longkao, Manipur.
  • Freedom struggle: She had participated in the freedom struggle at a very young age of 13 after she came under the influence Heraka religious movement.
  • Heraka religious movement: This movement which was launched by her cousin Haipou Jadonang initially to reform the Zealiangrong Naga communities.
  • But later it turned into a political movement seeking to drive out the British from Manipur and the surrounding Naga areas.
  • In this movement she was considered as incarnation of the goddess Cherachamdinliu.
  • Arrest: In 1932 at the age of 16, she was arrested and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the then British India Government.
  • Rani title: In 1937, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had met her at Shillong Jail and promised to pursue her release. During this time, Nehru gave her title of Rani (Queen) and since then she gained local popularity as Rani Gaidinliu.
  • After India’s independence in 1947, she was released from the jail and continued to work for the upliftment of people till her death.
  • Awards and Honours: Freedom Fighter Tamrapatra (1972), Padma Bhushan (1982), Vivekanande Sewa Samman (1983), Birsa Munda Award (1966).
  • Postal Department has released commemorative postal stamp on her in 1996.
  • Union Government has instituted one of five Stree Shakti Puruskar in honour her in 2000.
  • In 2010, state owned Hindustan shipyard Ltd. had launched an in-shore patrol vessel for the Indian coast guard named as Rani Gaidinliu.

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Manipur Government reaches agreement with JCILPS on ILP System

Manipur Government has reached an agreement with the Joint Committee on the Inner Line Permit System (JCILPS) over the issue of implementation of Inner Line Permit (ILP) system.

It was reached after a marathon talk between the state government and the delegation of JCILPS led by its Convenor in-Charge Khomdram Ratan.

This agreement seeks to safeguard the rights of indigenous people of Manipur insertion of five major points in the proposed Draft Bill in this regard.

It should be noted that JCILPS is spearheading the movement for implementation of IPL system in this north eastern state.

What is Inner Line Permit (ILP) system?

  • The Inner Line Permit system (ILP) is a special pass or permit or quasi visa that is required by Indian citizens to enter protected/restricted area of state for a limited period.
  • Origin: It was introduced by then British India government to protect indigenous tribal people from encroachment into their areas by outsiders. Later, they used it as an instrument to advance the commercial interest.
  • In this case, protected area/restricted area under ILP regime is notified by Union Government and ILP is issued by state governments under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.
  • This permit or quasi visa regime is presently operational in three northeastern states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram.

Why there is demand to implement ILP System in Manipur?

  • There is long-standing demand of implementing ILP system in Manipur over the issue of son of the soil among the dominant ethnic Meiteis group.
  • There is fear among dominant ethnic group that they may become minority in state due to influx of outsiders especially migrants and also they might lose their ancestral land to these migrants.
  • As per 2001 census, the population size of migrants in the state is nearly equal to the population of dominant ethnic Meiteis group.

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Critically endangered Sangai deer found in Manipur to be translocated

Manipur State Forest Department has decided to translocate a section of critically endangered species of Brow Antlered (Sangai) deer with an aim to save it from extinction.

The deer is endemic to Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) will be translocated to Pumlen Pat which is close existing habitat to Loktak.

Pumlen Pat was chosen for translocation as it is also a floating biomass (phumdi) and comprises of small hillocks which will provide natural habitat for this deer species.

About Sangai deer

Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park.

It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the population of the deer to 204 in 2013 from less than 100 in 2008.

About Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP)

KLNP is a floating biomass in Manipur’s Loktak Lake. It is only floating national park in the world. It is known around the world for its unique composition which is made up of biomass vegetation (locally called phumdis) that floats on the surface of the lake. The park which was initially declared as a Sanctuary in 1966 and later in 1977 it was declared as National Park through a gazette notification.

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