Mexico Current Affairs

Mexico Government approves world’s 1st Dengue fever vaccine named Dengvaxia

Mexico Government has approved world’s first-ever Dengue fever vaccine branded as Dengvaxia for the public use.

Key facts

  • Dengvaxia has been manufactured by French pharmaceutical manufacturer Sanofi Pasteur.
  • It has been designed to protect people in the 9-45 age groups from all four subtypes of the virus.
  • The vaccine was produced as the result of an extensive clinical development programme of the French company than ran for almost two decades.
  • Sanofi Pasteur has requested authorisation to roll out the vaccine in 20 countries.

Comment

Dengvaxia is considered as a historic milestone for the global public health community and, most importantly for half the world’s population that lives at risk of dengue. Prior to introduction of this vaccine, there was no vaccine to prevent dengue fever.

About Dengue Fever

  • Dengue fever is a vector-borne disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitos’ species.
  • It is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics. Thus, it is also known as mosquito-borne tropical disease
  • Symptoms: Severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion and rash.
  • Dengue triad i.e. presence of fever, rash, and headache is the common characteristic of dengue fever.
  • Prevention: It requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. There is no known cure and children are at particular risk.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has mentioned that dengue has become the fastest-growing mosquito-borne disease as it infects as many as 400 million people and kills 22,000 people every year.

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India ranks 4th in black money outflows: GFI Report

India has been placed at fourth position in black money outflows among the developing and emerging economies.

It was revealed by Global Financial Integrity’s (GFI’s) Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2004-2013 Report.

 Key facts

  • Record 1.1 trillion dollars flowed illicitly out of developing and emerging economies in 2013.
  • Top 10 countries: China (1st), Russia (2nd), Mexico (3rd), India (4th), Malaysia (5th), Brazil (6th), South Africa (75th), Thailand (8th), Indonesia (9th) and Nigeria (10th).
  • China tops the list with 139 billion dollars average outflow of black money per annum. It was around 258.64 billion dollars in year 2013.
  • China was followed by Russia (104 billion dollars per annum) and Mexico (52.8 billion dollars per annum).
  • The illegal capital (black money) outflows are mainly attributed to tax evasion, crime, corruption and other illicit activity.
  • In case of India, 51 billion dollars black money outflowed per annum between the decade long period from 2004 to 2013.

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Deepika Kumari wins silver medal in 2015 Archery World Cup Final

India’s ace women archer Deepika Kumari has won the Silver medal in recurve event at the 2015 Archery World Cup Final held in Mexico City.

In the final match, South Korea’s Choi Misun defeated Deepika Kumari and won the gold medal by 6-2 score.

This was Deepika’s fourth World Cup Final silver medal. Earlier she had won it after being runner-up at Istanbul (2011), Tokyo (2012) and Paris (2013) Archery World Cup Final.

In this edition of World Cup, India won two silver medals with Abhishek Verma opening the account for the country in the compound section.

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