Odisha Current Affairs

Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicates Paradip Oil Refinery to nation

Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated Indian Oil Corporation’s (IOC’s) new state of the art refinery at Paradip in Odisha to the nation.

It is overall IOC’s 11th refinery to be set up and has installed capacity of 15 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA).

Key features of the refinery

  • Built at a cost of 34,555 crore rupees and has been designed to process broad basket of crude including dirty and cheaper high sulphur heavy crudes from Latin America.
  • Capable to produce Bharat Stage IV (BS IV)/BS V quality transportation fuel to comply with Auto Fuel Policy.
  • It has more than 20 process units that can processes the basic feedstock, crude oil to obtain various products including polymers like polypropylene, paraxylene and styrene.
  • It is one of the most modern refineries in the world and is equipped with the latest technology. It has complexity factor of 12.2.
  • Products: Major products are premium grade high speed diesel (HSD) and motor spirit (MS). The other products includes propylene (petrochemical grade), naphtha, LPG, aviation turbine fuel (ATF) and kerosene.
  • Major by-products: Petroleum coke (petcoke) and sulphur.

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PM Narendra Modi inaugurates NISER campus in Odisha

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the permanent campus of National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) in Jatani near Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

NISER has been established on the lines of IISc Bangalore and its five sister institutions IISERs that are being established at Pune, Kolkata, Mohali, Thiruvananthapuram and Bhopal.

Unlike the IISERs, which are governed by the Union Ministry of Human Resources Development (HRD), NISER operates under the umbrella of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).

The primary objective of NISER is to train and nurture human resources in the field of Sciences for the knowledge economies of the future.

Background

The foundation stone for NISER campus was laid by then Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh in August 2006. Union government also had earmarked an initial outlay of 823.19 crore rupees during the first seven years of this project starting from September 2007.

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Union Cabinet approves raising of 17 Indian Reserve Battalions

The Union Cabinet has approved proposal of raising of 17 Indian Reserve Battalions (IRBs) in Jammu & Kashmir and 4 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected states.

Decision in this regard was taken by Union Cabinet Meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.

Key facts

  • 17 IRBs includes 5 battalions in J&K, 4 in Chhattisgarh, 3 each in Jharkhand and Odisha and 2 in Maharashtra.
  • The major thrust in raising these IRBs will be by recruiting local youths. State Government can relax age and educational criteria if required.
  • In case of 5 IRBs of J&K, 60% of the vacancies for the posts of constables and class IV will be filled from the state’s border districts.
  • In case of LWE states, 75% of the vacancies of constables will be filled up from 27 core districts under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme.

About Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme

  • The Union Government had introduced scheme of Indian Reserve Battalions in 1971. It is a non-plan scheme.
  • The objective of the scheme is to supplement the efforts of the states to deal with the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) i.e. naxalite problem effectively.
  • Under it, so far government has sanctioned 153 IRBs in the various states of which 144 IRBs have been raised.
  • 1 IRB in Jharkhand has been converted into Specialized Indian Reserve Battalion (SIRB) which is having 2 engineering companies and 5 security companies.

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