Former Odisha CM Janaki Ballabh Patnaik passes away

Former Chief Minister (CM) of Odisha and senior Congress leader Janaki Ballabh Patnaik passed away on 21 April 2015 in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh. He was 89.

Patnaik had served as CM of Odisha for three times and was in office from 1980 to 1989 and again from 1995 to 1999.

About Janaki Ballabh Patnaik

  • J B Patnaik was born on 3rd January, 1927 in Puri district of Odisha.
  • He had a bachelor degree in Sanskrit from the Utkal University of Odisha in 1947 and MA degree in Political Science from the Banaras Hindu University in 1949.
  • Political Career: He started his political career in 1950 as President of the Odisha state unit of the youth wing of the Congress.
  • For the first time he became CM of Odisha in 1980 and was in power till 1989 and again in 1995. He had held the post of CM of odisha for the longest time on record before the incumbent CM Naveen Patnaik.
  • He also had served as Union Minister for Tourism, Civil Aviation and Labour and in the Union Cabinet of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
  • He was the Governor of Assam from 2009 to 2014
  • J B Patnaik also had written a number of books on religion and literature which had won thousands of hearts.


India successfully test-fires nuclear-capable Agni-III ballistic missile

Nuclear-capable surface-to-surface Agni-III ballistic missile was successfully tested on 16 April 2015.

The test was conducted from Wheelar Isalnd off the Odisha coast in the Bay of Bengal by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) with support of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

Facts about Agni III missile

  • It is surface-to-surface nuclear capable intermediate-range ballistic missile.
  • Indigenously developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
  • Range: 3000 km.
  • Dimensions: 17 metres in length, 2 metres in diameter. Launch weight is around 50 tonnes.
  • Payload: It can carry a nuclear warhead of 1.5 tonne and is protected by carbon all-composite heat shield.
  • It is a two-stage solid-propelled missile.
  • Equipped with the hybrid guidance, navigation and control systems along with advanced on-board computer.

At present India has arsenal of Agni-I, II and III and Prithvi missiles with strike reach of over 3000 km, giving an effective deterrence capability.


Odisha Government launches Aahar scheme

Odisha Government on 1 April 2015 launched ‘Aahar’- cheap meal scheme for providing subsidised food to urban poor.

It was launched by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the Capital Hospital in Bhubaneswar on the occasion  the foundation day of the state i.e. Utkala Dibasa.

Facts about Aahar- cheap meal scheme

  • It aims at providing meal at Rs. five to the urban poor.
  • In the first phase scheme was launched simultaneously in five cities of state including Bhubaneswar, Rourkela, Cuttack, Berhampur and Sambalpur.
  • The subsidised meals will be provided at four crowded places each in these five cities to people visiting urban areas for various work

Following companies have sponsored the scheme in particular city

  • Odisha Mining Corporation (OMC) in Cuttack and Bhubaneswar.
  • Odisha Power Generation Corporation (OPGC) in Rourkela.
  • Odisha Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (IDCO) in Sambalpur.
  • Tata Steel in Berhampur.