The Coast Guard in Odisha has launched ‘Operation Oliver’ as part of its annual mission to ensure the safe mid-sea visit of breeding Olive Ridley sea turtles in Gahirmatha marine sanctuary area of the State.
The operation is being conducted in collaboration with the forest department in order to keep watch and vigil on illegal fishing along the turtle concentration zone.
The authorities have also deployed a state-of-the-art CG ship and a dornier aircraft for the exercise for surveillance on trespassing and keep an eye on illegal fishing in Gahirmatha marine sanctuary. The coast guard has organized interactive sessions with fishermen communities to sensitize them on the legal embargo on fishing during Ridleys’ nesting season.
It is worth recalling that the Odisha Government recently imposed a 7-month fishing ban within 20 km from the river mouths of Dhamara, Devi and Rusikulya in Gamjam district to protect nests of endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles. The ban on the 20 km span of the Dhamra-Rushikulya river mouth has been imposed in accordance with Sections 2, 7 and 4 of the Orissa Marine Fishing Regulation Act, 1982. These prohibitory orders are now enforced every year to ensure the safety of turtles.
Olive Ridley Turtles:
- Scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea .
- Also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle.
- Found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific andIndian Oceans.
- Global population of annual nesting females of these turtles reduced to 852,550 by 2008.
- Considered vulnerable because of their few remaining nesting sites in the world.
- Largest breeding ground for these turtles: The Gahirmatha Beach in Kendrapara district of Odisha (India), now a part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Bhitarkanika Mangroves designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002.
- World’s largest known rookery of Olive Ridley sea turtles.
- Two other mass nesting beaches on the mouth of rivers Rushikulya and Devi.
Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary
Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is located in Orissa and is only marine wildlife sanctuary of Orissa. This sanctuary boasts of possessing the world’s largest known rookery of Olive Ridley sea turtle.
Olive Ridley is classified as Vulnerable according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature And Natural Resources (IUCN), and is listed in Appendix I of CITES. These turtles are best known for their behavior of synchronized nesting in mass numbers, termed arribadas.
The winter season is the mating and breeding season of these turtles. So accordingly, the fishing activities inside the Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary and 20 kms off the shore are banned for 7 months starting from November 1 to May 31 every year. The ban is enforced under the Orissa Marine Fishing Regulation Act, 1982 and Orissa Marine Fishing Rules, 1983 to protect the endangered Olive Ridley Sea turtles.
India’s Strategic Forces Command successfully test-fired nuclear weapons-capable, surface-to-surface Agni-1 missile for its full range of 700 km from Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast. The single-stage, solid-fuelled missile was launched from a road mobile launcher as part of a regular training exercise.
- Developed by DRDO
- Strike Range: 700 km
- Nuclear-weapon capable
- Powered by solid propellants
- Weighs 12 tons, 15-metre long
- Carrying capacity: Upto 1000 kg (1 Ton)
The Supreme Court clarified that the jurisdiction of the High Court while issuing a writ of quo warranto is a limited one and can be issued only when the person holding the public office lacks the eligibility criteria or when the appointment is contrary to the statutory rules.
As per the apex court, consideration of suitability or eligibility of a candidate for a post is within the domain of the appointing authority and court can only scrutinize whether the appointment is in violation to statutory provisions/rules. Keeping this in view, the apex court directed the High Courts that if the candidate had the qualifications and fulfilled the requirements of the post, quo warranto should not be entertained on Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
What is quo warranto?
Quo warranto is a writ or legal action requiring a person to show by what warrant an office or franchise is held, claimed, or exercised.
What was the case?
The apex court was adjudicating over a case in which the Central Electricity Supply Utility (CESU) of Odisha and Bijaya Chandra Jena were aggrieved over an order by Orissa High Court invalidating his appointment as CEO of CESU as well as recovery of the salary he drew while serving the post. The SC accepted their litigation and setting aside the order, it held that the direction for recovery of the honorarium was not right as it creates a dent in the honor of a person and such an order would be equivalent to forced labor which is unjustifiable.
It clarified that while issuing a writ of quo warranto the court only makes a declaration that the person holding the public office is a usurper and not eligible to hold the post and after the declaration is made he ceases to hold the office.
A pact to establish a mega LNG terminal was inked between the State owned GAIL and Paradeep Port. With the realization of this project, Odisha will soon be highlighted on the world map of natural gas business.
Under this project, GAIL will set up the terminal – Floating Storage Regasification Unit at a cost of over Rs 3100 crore.
The gas terminal will have an initial capacity of 4 million tonne per annum in first phase. The storage capacity of the unit will be 170,000 cubic metres. In the second phase, 4 million ton capacity will be added enhancing its capacity to 4.8 million tons. It will be operational by 2017.
Globally, India is currently the 4th largest consumer of natural gas.The share of natural gas in the country’s primary energy market is projected to reach 22% by 2020 and 25% by 2035. The setting up of the terminal is expected to promote industrial development, job creation and economic upliftment of the nation.