Hungary Declares state of Emergency over Refugee Influx

Hungarian Government has declared a state of emergency in its two regions of Csongrad and Bacs-Kiskun to cope with the influx of refugees. It was declared by Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.

This move could pave the way to bringing in Hungary’s military to patrol the frontier bordering Serbia to stop illegal influx.

This declaration comes after more than 10,000 people claiming to be Syrian and Afghan refugees were detained by Hungarian police for illegally crossing the border from Serbia.

Refugee Crisis

  • Hungary’s decision will effect in closure main route of the European Union (EU) border for the illegal refugee influx chain. But it is said that after closing of main route, refugees will divert their route from other countries.
  • Being a central European nation, Hungary had emerged as epicenter of a refugee crisis which had erupted after an unprecedented number of people from North African (Libya, Eritrea, Sudan etc) and Middle Eastern (Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan etc) countries started relocating to European Countries for seeking refuge and better life conditions.
  • So far in 2015, over 200,000 refugees have reached Hungary by walking across the southern border with Serbia by crossing Turkey, Greece and Mediterranean Sea.

It should be noted that European countries are witnessing a greatest illegal refugee crisis since World War II and is considered as one of the worst humanitarian crisis. Earlier in September 2015, Germany had introduced border controls along its Austrian border to check refugee influx. It had led to Germany’s temporarily exit from the Schengen Agreement of EU which facilitates unhindered movement of people within the EU countries.


Pakistan bans Islamic State militant group

Pakistan has banned the Islamic State (IS) militant group which has undertaken vast stretches of Iraq and Syria in its control.

This decision was taken Pakistan Government on the recommendation of the Foreign Office, which regularly updates it about international militant groups banned by the United Nations (UN).

Why Pakistan is concerned about IS militant group?

  • The UN banned group is believed to have gained a strong foothold in the border regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • Following the death of Taliban leader Mullah Muhammad Omar, the IS has become powerful in Afghanistan overtaking its weaker contenders Taliban and al-Qaida.
  • Even some top Taliban militants joined IS and under their leadership the group has fought pitched battles with Taliban inside Afghanistan.
  • In Pakistan, several graffiti and banners (known as Daesh in Arabic) supporting IS, have been often appeared which had raised security concerns.

India’s position on IS militant group

Union Government already has banned brutal terror group Islamic State under the provisions of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 and following the provisions of section two of the United Nations (Security Council) Act, 1947.

India took this decision in December 2014 after UN has banned it under its sanctions regime of the Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism (Implementation of Security Council Resolutions) Order, 2007.


Pakistan, Russia ink landmark defence deal

Pakistan and Russia have signed a landmark defence deal including the sale of 4 advance Mi-35 ‘Hind E’ combat helicopters to Pakistan.

The agreement was signed by top defence officials from both countries in Rawalpindi as per negotiations for the deal which had taken place in 2014.

Earlier in November 2014, both countries had signed a bilateral defence cooperation agreement to strengthen military-to-military relations between them.

Mi-35 ‘Hind E’ attack helicopters

The Mi-35 helicopter is modernised version of the Mi-24 combat helicopter. It has new advanced onboard equipment and avionics. It is also incorporated with more powerful engine and a different tail rotor.

Currently, Pakistan has a number of ‘Mi-17’ combat helicopters. These combat helicopters were delivered to Pakistan by US in order to assist them to fight against growing militancy as part of its special defence package.