Pakistan

Xi Jinping conferred with Nishan-e-Pakistan award

Pakistan Government on 21 April 2015 conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan, top civilian award on Chinese President Xi Jinping.

He was bestowed with this award for his outstanding contribution in promotion of relationship between the two countries by Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain.

About Nishan-e-Pakistan

  • The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civilian award and decoration given by the Pakistan Government.
  • The award is awarded to a person for his highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. It is conferred on them for their merit and distinguished services to the country, foreign relations and international community.
  • Established on 19 March 1957.
  • Former Prime Minister of India Morarji Desai is only Indian to receive this award. He was awarded this award in 1990.

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Retired Lieutenant General Hanut Singh, a 1971 Indo-Pak war hero passes away

Lieutenant General Hanut Singh (retd) on 12 April 2015 passed away in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. He was 82.

He was a 1971 Indo-Pak war hero and one of the most famous officers of the Indian Army.

About Lt Gen Hanut Singh

  • In 1952, Hanut Singh was commissioned in 17 HORSE (also known as the Poona Horse) an armoured regiment of Indian Army.
  • In 1971, as a Lieutenant Colonel he had commanded 17 HORSE regiment in the famous Battle of Basantar in Indo-Pak war.
  • During this battle, squadron of his regiment had dashed across the heavily mined enemy areas and successfully had repulsed repeated counter attacks by Pakistan forces.
  • During this war his regiment had destroyed a large number Pakistan tanks and had earned him the name ‘Hero of Battle of Basantar’.
  • After his retirement in 1991, he had founded Shivbala Yogi Ashram Parisar in Dehradun.
  • He was born on 6 July 1933 in Barmer district of Rajasthan and was a cousin of former Union Minister Jaswant Singh.
  • Awards- He is recipient of the Maha Vir Chakra, India’s second highest gallantry award for his personal bravery and outstanding leadership.

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Asteroid 316201 named after Malala Yousafzai

Asteroid 316201 was named as ‘316201 Malala’ after the youngest Nobel laureate and girls’ education campaigner Malala Yousafzai.

The asteroid was named after her by Amy Mainzer, astronomer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, United States under the International Astronomical Union rules.

In 2010, Mainzer had discovered the asteroid which was known as 316201. As a discoverer of the asteroid she had owned the rights to name it.

Asteroid 316201 Malala is located in the Main Belt between Mars and Jupiter. It orbits around the Sun every 5.5 years and is more-than 2 mile wide.

About Malala Yousafzai

  • Malala was born on 12 July 1997 in Mingora city in Swat province of Pakistan.
  • At the age of 11 she had caught international attention as female education activist after writing for the BBC about life under the Taliban in Pakistan under pseudonym Gul Makai.
  • In 2012, Malala had survived an assassination attempt after she was shot in the head Taliban gunmen.
  • Awards- In 2014, at the age of 17 she was awarded Nobel peace prize, becoming youngest Nobel Laureate in the history of Nobel award. She had shared this prize with Indian children’s rights activist Kailash Satyarthi
  • She is also conferred with National Youth Peace Prize (2011), Mother Teresa Awards for Social Justice (2012), Simon de Beauvoir Prize (2013), Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought (2013), Anna Politkovskaya Award (2013) and many more.
  • United Nations has declared November 10 as ‘Malala Day’ in her honor.

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