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Key Points: PM Modi’s address to UN General Assembly

Modi-UNGA

PM Modi’s first speech before the UNGA has been commended by his supporters and critics alike. He touched upon various topics concerning India and the world in his address, which was delivered in Hindi. The speech which lasted a little more than thirty minutes was read from a prepared text, and some parts were extempore too. Some of the points he made in his speech are as follows:-

  • The PM asserted that India’s future was tied with that of its neighbors. Citing instances of his government’s attempts to reach out to different neighbors, he also made it clear that no stable relationship could be built under the shadow of terrorism
  • Condemning terrorism and rising extremism in various parts of the world, he insisted that all nations of the world would have to function in unison to deal with such a menace. He also called for genuine dialogue and engagement between countries
  • In a rebuke to Mr. Nawaz Sharif’s reference to Kashmir in his speech, the PM said that it was pointless to raise bilateral issues in international forums like the UN
  • He also stated that it was now up to Pakistan to establish an atmosphere that was conducive to resuming talks
  • Rejecting unilateralism, he said that countries would have to work together to resolve the issues before them. Drawing on India’s ancient history and wisdom, he stated that India viewed the world as one. Even though India is a developing nation it is ready to share its modest resources with the world, he stated. He also questioned the necessity of various grouping of nations like G8 etc when a multilateral body like the UN existed.
  • He also called for reforms to the UNSC
  • He highlighted issues faced by nations and it people due to globalization and climate chang
  • He said that democratic principles and unity were on an upsurge in various parts of the world, highlighting Afghanistan and Nepal as examples. He also mentioned that the world was experiencing increasing levels of prosperity and stability, especially in Latin America
  • The PM drew on India’s soft power across the globe by making references to yoga and calling for celebration of International Yoga Day

Pak test fires Hatf IX

Pakistan conducted a successful test fire of its surface to surface missile Hatf IX (Nasr).  The missile was tested with four successive launches from a multi tube launcher.

With a maximum range of 60 kms, the missile falls under the category of short range missiles. Its othere features include in-flight manoeurve capability designed for quick response,  and shoot and scoot attributes. It is also believed to have nuclear capabilities. The missile builds Pakistan’s deterrence capabilities.

Earlier this year in April, Pakistan had successfully launched its missile, Hatf III (Ghaznavi).

‘Project Mausam’ – India’s answer to China’s ‘Maritime Silk Road’

India will soon launch “Project Mausam”, a PM Narendra Modi government’s utmost noteworthy foreign policy project for answering China’s rising impact in the Indian Ocean region. After the astonishing triumph of China’s “Maritime Silk Road” scheme, India plans to soon takeoff its own Project Mausam, a transnational program aimed to restore its ancient maritime routes and cultural links with republics in the region.

Titled “Project Mausam”: Maritime Routes and Cultural Landscapes crossways the Indian Ocean, the project emphasizes on the natural wind phenomenon, particularly monsoon winds used by Indian sailors in ancient times for maritime trade, that has formed relations amongst nations and groups linked by the Indian Ocean. Project Mausam purposes to determine the versatile Indian Ocean “world” — expanding from East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka to the Southeast Asian archipelago.

Though India is also amongst the nations asked to join China’s maritime silk route plan, India has been worried by the curiosity displayed by Sri Lanka and Maldives in the Chinese offer, which supposedly looks to restore ancient economic links.

India government will try to pull on its ancient connections with nations in this region as it proposes an alternative, which could counter-balance the maritime silk route of China. India also faces the difficult job of matching China’s stress on building landmark infrastructure in the region, including ports in Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Whereas the facilities are held to be civilian, India doubts China obtaining operational control of these.

Dating to AD 500-1000, a sailors’ trading map to constructed on wind patterns, displaying India as the pivot

Natutal Wind Phenomenon

Pakistan’s Army General intervenes to tackle political crisis

Pakistan Government has appointed its Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Raheel Sharif as mediator to neutralize the ongoing political crisis in the country. The decision to seek COAS’ help was taken after both Imran Khan, chief of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) and Tahir-ul-Qadri, the chief of Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) refused to end their protests demanding Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to resign.

Background:

The current political turbulence in Pakistan was caused after the former additional secretary Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) Afzal Khan claimed that the general election in which Nawaz Sharif registered an overwhelming victory was rigged. The country is in turmoil owing to political impasse for two weeks. Anti-government protests have gripped the capital Islamabad.

Earlier, Pakistan’s military had chosen not to intervene in the political crisis. But now, with the direct involvement of the General, there are apprehensions that military could use this opportunity to exercise its influence over a democratically-elected civilian government.

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