The skeletal remains of the Indian soldiers, who were killed by the British troops for participating in the First War of Independence in 1857, are exhumed at Ajnala well in Amritsar district, Punjab. These were our freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives during the First War of Independence in 1857.
- ‘Kalian Wala Khuh’: Martyrs place where the remains of over 250 Indian soldiers dumped unceremoniously by the British in a deep well at Ajnala in the wake of the 1857 uprising.
- Neither the Indian Government nor the Government of Punjab, attempted to extract the bodies of the martyrs and perform the last rites and restore the honour of the soldiers of the first freedom struggle.
- Gurdwara Shaheed Ganj Committee (a gurdwara in the border town of Ajnala) exhumed the remains of Indian soldiers who were executed by the British authorities for participating in the 1857 mutiny.
- The exercise is being done to perform last rites of these soldiers after160 years.
- The well that was dug was previously known as kalianwala khu (well of the black people) has been renamed as Shaheedanwala khu (well of the martyrs).
What British authorities did with the Indian soldiers of the 26th Bengal Native Infantry (in Lahore) in 1857, when they revolted against the East India Company?
In the 1857 mutiny, around 500 soldiers of 26th Native Infantry Regiment revolted at Mian Mir Cantonment in Lahore.
- They marched towards Ajnala from Lahore after hearing the reports of the Sepoy mutiny in Meerut where Hindu and Muslim troops rebelled against the East India Company over the cartridges for their rifles being greased with animal fat.
- When soldiers were moving ahead to join the revolt, they had an encounter with the British troops on the banks of the Ravi, where 220 soldiers attained martyrdom and their bodies were thrown into the river.
- The remaining 280 soldiers were arrested and were confined in the overcrowded barracks located at Ajnala tehsil complex.
- Later, the British killed these soldiers too and buried them in Kalian Wala Khuh.
India‘s First War of Independence (Indian Rebellion of 1857)
- Also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, etc.
- A violent revolt against the British rule.
- Immediate cause of Revolt: The introduction of Enfield greased rifles whose cartridges were said to have a greased cover made of beef and pork sparked off the revolt. It antagonized both Hindu and Muslim soldiers.
- The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company’s army on 10th May 1857, in the town of Meerut. It soon escalated into other mutinies and civil rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region.
- Leaders of 1857 revolt: Mangal Pandey, Rani Lakshmi bai, Bahadur Shah II, Begum Hazrat Mahal, Babu Kunwar Singh, Nana Saheb Peshwa, Bakht Khan, etc.
Outcome of revolt: British victory - Suppression of the rebellion, End of the Mughal and Maratha Empires, End of Company rule in India and Transfer of rule to the British crown.
The Union Government of India extended the implementation of National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 to the States of Karnataka and Chhattisgarh. Now, the act has taken off in seven states and union territories – Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh. Uttrakhand and Chandigarh are also expected to join this group soon.
- The Government of India has also decided to protect existing allocation of each state in case the allocation under the proposed legislation is lower than its current allocation. It will be protected up to the level of average off take during last three years, at prices to be determined by the Central Government.
National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013
- Grains like wheat, rice and coarse grain will be distributed at the price of 3 Rs. 3, Rs. 2 and Rs. 1.
- Identified beneficiary will get 5 kg of grains.
- Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children are entitled to get meals under the prescribed nutrition by MDM and (ICDS. The age group would be 6 months to 14 years.
- NFSA 2013 will provide high nutrition food to the age group of 6 years.
- Pregnant women and lactating mothers will be entitled to get maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.
- Working to empowering for women
If an identified beneficiary is poor of the poorest than he will entitle to get 35 kg of grains under Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY).
India’s first climate change theatre opened at Pushpa Gujral Science City in Kapurthala, Punjab. The 18-metre diameter theatre set up in a dome-shaped building with seating capacity of 125 persons. It is inaugurated by Rajya Sabha member Naresh Gujral.
Objective: To provide information on climate changes and global warming to school and college students and sensitize the audience about the currently debated subject of Climate Change and Global Warming. Visitors will be made aware of and have a better understanding and appreciation for the latest climate science and the issues surrounding the human role in climate change.
- The multi-screen theatre is synchronized with the objects kept inside the theatre and as film starts those objects showcases the same happenings which are being depicted in the film.
- A 25 minute special movie on climate change and global warming and its affect gives a message that how we together can make a difference in preserving the atmosphere.
- It explores what a worst-case future might look like if humans do not take action on current or impending problems which could threaten civilization.
The movie starts by giving a glimpse of future – floods, droughts, earthquakes and other natural disasters and coming back to the present, the Earth introduces itself and talks to the audience about current situation and impacts it is experiencing due to global warming.
British Prime Minister David Cameron ordered his cabinet secretary to inquire into newly-released documents suggesting Margaret Thatcher government facilitated the Indian government in 1984 to plan Operation Blue Star against separatists hiding inside the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The investigation will examine two issues – British action in 1984 and the decision to release such sensitive government papers.
About Operation Blue Star
- In 1982, armed men, led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, took up residence in the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar, Punjab.
- In order to remove JS Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the GoldenTemple, an Indian military operation (known as Operation Blue Star) took place on June 3–8, 1984, ordered by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
- Lieutenant-General Kuldip Singh Brar commanded the Operation Blue Star to overpower JS Bhindranwale and Sikh revolutionaries.
- The bloody and heavily criticized operation led to the assassination of then PM Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards (Satwant Singh and Beant Singh) on October 31, 1984.
Afterwards, more than 3,000 Sikhs were killed in the resulting anti-Sikh riots.