The BJP clinched majority of seats in the Assembly Elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) made remarkable debut in Delhi where it clinched 28 of 70 seats. In Delhi, though the BJP secured highest number of seats (31) but it fell short of 5 seats for attaining the majority.
A glance at 2013 State Assembly Poll Results:
|Party||Seats Won in DELHI||Madhya Pradesh||Rajasthan||Chhattisgarh|
The RBI in its Macroeconomic and Monetary Developments Second Quarter Review 2013-14 said that markets in India face domestic uncertainties arsing from prolonged slowdown, falling corporate earnings and rising leverage, besides risks of political uncertainties associated with the electoral cycle.
Elections are to be held in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Delhi in November-December 2013. National polls are also due before the term of the current Lok Sabha ends in May 2014.
In the recent past, India’s stock markets have faced volatility on the account of fears of a tapering of the monetary stimulus by the US Federal Reserve and concerns on domestic economy.
However, as per RBI, market uncertainties remain associated with how the debt ceiling issues will play out over the next several months and whether the nascent signs of recovery in the euro area sustain.
Global financial markets also got some relief with the US Federal Reserve decision to maintain the pace of its bond purchases and its signal that withdrawal of quantitative easing may take longer. However, RBI cautioned that the financial markets could be disrupted again when the extraordinary monetary accommodation in the advanced economies is withdrawn.
As per the 2013 ‘Threatened Bird’ list by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Great Indian Bustard is listed under the category of Critically Endangered birds.
The Great Indian Bustard (Scientific name: “Ardeotis nigriceps”) was once widely spotted across 11 Indian states, but now only less than 250 birds are left all across India. The destruction of the habitat is a primary threat to the bird’s endurance. The Great Indian Bustard is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. The Great Indian Bustard lives in short-grass plains and deserts in large arid landscapes.
Key reasons for the decrease in count of the Great Indian Bustard:-
- Habitat destruction- The change of land use from grassland to farmland, thus shrinking the bird’s habitat.
- Degradation and disturbance in existing grassland habitat
- Lack of importance for natural grassland conservation in policy, law and PA network due to incorrect perception on ecological value vis-a-vis forests
- Lack of protection for many ‘lekking’ and nesting sites
- Lack of cooperation between different departments/stakeholders in GIB habitats
- Lack of awareness and support from local communities
- Livestock overgrazing and feral dogs
- Disturbance by photographers — there is now plenty anecdotal evidence to demonstrate that photography of the species causes substantial disturbance
In a recent judgement, the Supreme Court had directed the Ministry of Environment and Forests to take steps for the recovery of the Great Indian Bustard.
Status of the Great Indian Bustard
- The Great Indian Bustard is now confined to only eight pockets in 6 Indian states — Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
- The largest population (~50%) can be found in Jaisalmer, Barmer, and Bikaner districts of Rajasthan
- Great Indian Bustard is the State Bird of Rajasthan.
- Bird may be already extinct in Madhya Pradesh.
As per United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) report on the global Infant Mortality rate (IMR) declined from 61 deaths in 1990 to 37 deaths in 2011. Annual infant deaths decreased from 8.4 million in 1990 to 5 million in 2011.
Although India has more IMR than the global average, it has shown a minor decline in IMR in 2012 compared to 2011. It decreased from 44 deaths for every 1000 live births in 2011 to 42 deaths for every 1000 live in 2012. Some findings of the report:
- In India, Kerala has IMR of 12 which is least compared to other states.
- The worst is Assam with IMR 55.
- West Bengal also performed badly with IMR 32.
- Some improvement was seen in case of Uttar Pradesh and Odisha whose IMR declined from 57 in 2011 to 53 in 2012 in both states.
- Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu registered a one-point decrease in IMR.
- Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir improved their IMR by 2 points.
- Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi and Karnataka reduced their IMR by 3 points.
What are the main causes for high IMR in India?
Low awareness about health and reproductive rights, maternal anemia and malnutrition are the main causes for high infant mortality rate in India. Infant Mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of children less than one year of age per 1000 live births.