Science and Technology
The network of the US –based software maker Adobe Systems which makes software such as Photoshop, Reader and Creative Cloud, was hacked by cyber attackers exposing financial information of its 2.9 million customers.
The attackers accessed Adobe customer IDs, encrypted passwords, encrypted credit or debit card numbers, expiration dates and other information relating to customer orders.
The company is informing customers whose credit or debit card information it believes to be involved in the incident and is resetting relevant customer passwords to prevent unauthorized access to Adobe ID accounts. It has also notified the banks processing customer payments for Adobe.
The Supreme Court directed government to put in place a mechanism to monitor the clinical trials of untested drugs on humans.
The Centre has been directed by the court to convene a meeting of Chief Secretaries or Health Secretaries of all the states to frame a law for regulation of clinical trials of drugs by multinational pharma companies.
The apex court directive came during a hearing of a PIL filed by an NGO which alleged large-scale clinical drug trials across the country by various pharmaceutical firms using Indian citizens as guinea pigs in those tests. The NGO had alleged that the clinical trials by several pharmaceutical firms were conducted indiscriminately in various states.
Previously, the court had said that uncontrolled clinical trial of drugs by multinational companies was creating “havoc” and lambasted the Centre for failing to stop the “rackets” which caused deaths. It had earlier ordered that all drug trials will be done under the supervision of the Union Health Secretary. The Centre had admitted that 2,644 people died during clinical trials of 475 new drugs during the period of 2005 to 2012.
Google has modified its Internet search engine to give better answers to the increasingly complex queries posed by Web surfers. The change has come as part of an update called “Hummingbird” that Google Inc. has gradually rolled out in the past month without revealing the modifications.
Why Google updated its search engine with Hummingbird?
As per Google, Hummingbird is aimed at giving Google’s search engine a better grasp at understanding concepts instead of mere words. Increased reliance on the search engine have made people to enter even lengthy questions into the search box instead of just a few words related to specific topics.
How could ‘Hummingbird’ affect the websites?
The alteration in the search engines could make a major impact on traffic to websites. As per experts, Hummingbird brings the most dramatic alterations to Google’s search engine since it revised the way it indexes websites 3 years ago as part of a redesign called “Caffeine”. The redesign is likely to affect the analysis of about 90% of the search requests that Google receives.
Any rearrangement of Google’s search rankings can have dramatic ramifications because they steer majority of the Internet’s traffic. Google directs about 66% of search requests in the U.S. and its share is even bigger in some parts of Europe. The changes could also escalate the price of Google ads tied to search requests if websites whose rankings are lowered under the new system feel they have to buy the marketing messages to attract traffic. Google generates most of its revenue from the search ads and other commercial pitches related to Web content. Its revenue is expected to approach $60 billion this year.
A plant that produces both tomatoes and potatoes was launched in the UK market. The plant named The TomTato has been developed by the horticultural mail order company Thompson & Morgan. TomTato has the capability of growing over 500 sweet cherry tomatoes and also the white potatoes.
TomTato is not a result of genetic engineering, but it has been created by a technique known as grafting.
Many such plants had been created before but taste had previously been a problem. It is for the very first time such plants have been produced commercially.
How the TOMTATO is made?
- Tomatoes and potatoes can be grafted together because they are members of the same plant family, Solanceae or nightshade, which also includes aubergines and chillies.
- A piece of a size of a pinhead is sliced from each plant, checked for viruses and grown seperately ingel and then compost. Once they are 2in tall, their stems are cut at an ideticak angle so they can be grafted to each other.
- The lower end of the potato, plant, containing the roots, and the top section of the tomato plant, which will bear fruit, are clipped together for about a week until a natural join forms.