As per the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) survey, 4 out of 10 women in India still have no say in their marriage, 8 out of 10 need permission to visit a doctor, 6 out of 10 practise some form of head covering and the average Indian household gives over Rs.30,000 in dowry.
Excerpts of the latest data of India Human Development Survey (IHDS) 2011-12
- Sample size: 42,000 households.
- Covers economic data on income and expenditure, development data on education and health, and sociological data on caste, gender and religion.
- Average wedding expense: Groom: Rs 81,952, Bride – Rs 1,26,724.
- Average dowry: Rs.30, 000.
- Marriage: 48% women (over 25) were married before age 18 (as opposed to 60% in 2004-5) and 59% women (over 25) with any say in marriage.
- Around 41% of women still have no say in their marriage.
- Say in marriage: Best states: Tamil Nadu (94%), Assam (90%), AP and Kerala – 86%, Worst States: Rajasthan (20%), UP(24%), MP & Orissa- 29%.
- Mean age at marriage - 17.8.
- Knew their husband before marriage (over 25): 18%.
- Woman practice head/face covering: Highest: Rajasthan – 96%, Bihar – 91%, Haryana & MP – 88%, Lowest: T.N – 6%, AP – 13%, North east – 15%.
- 81% women need permission to visit doctor.
- 60% of women, including 59% of forward caste Hindus and 83% of Muslim women, practice some form of `purdah’ or `ghunghat’.
- Most expensive weddings: Kerala & Delhi.
- The practice of marrying a cousin or relative, more common in the south than the north, is becoming less common, but over 20% in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka still marry relatives.
About India Human Development Survey (IHDS)
- Conducted by the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER).
- Largest household survey. (After the government’s Nation Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) surveys.
- NCAER is the only independent body that conducts such large-sample panel surveys.
Outcome of the survey: The data shows that with the growing level of education, urbanization and women empowerment programme the condition of women is slightly improving in the society.
- Chhattisgarh won the women’s title after beating Indian Railways by 81-77.
- Tamil Nadu won the men’s title by defeating Punjab by 74-57.
- Harish Sharma Most Valuable Player Award: Rikin Pethani (Tamil Nadu) and Kavita Kumari (Chhattisgarh).
- Services finished third in the men’s category while Delhi women beat Maharashtra to secure third position.
Note: The winners received Rs.1 Lakh, while the first and second runners-up received Rs. 75,000/- and Rs. 50,000/-.
The Union Finance Minister P. Chidambaram inaugurated the India’s first post office savings bank ATM at the Head Post Office in Thyagaraya Nagar, Chennai.
About Post office savings bank ATM
- The ATM would run on a trial basis for six months.
- Objective: To make the department technology-oriented.
- Part of an Information Technology (IT) modernization project of the Department of Posts.
- Rs 4,909 crore had been allocated for the IT modernisation of Department of Posts in the interim budget for 2014-15.
Note: By March 31, 2014, a total of 700 more post offices will be covered and all 26,840 post offices will be functional under CBS in another two years.
The Ennore Port Limited of Chennai officially renamed as Kamarajar Port Ltd. after the veteran Congress leader and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Mr. Kumarasami Kamarajar. Mr. Kamarajar was known for his pioneering efforts including introducing the free noon-meal scheme for children in schools besides heralding the state’s industrialization.
About Kamarajar Port
- Location: Ennore, Chennai.
- Owned by: Kamarajar Port Limited.
- Opened: 2001.
- The 12th major port of India and the first port in India which is a public company.
- The Centre holds a stake of about 68% and the remaining 32 % is held by the Chennai Port Trust.
- Category-I Mini Ratna status.
- Have six cargo handling berths with a total capacity of 30 million tonne per annum.
- Has the potential to become the first in terms of cargo handling.
Note: Mr. Kamarajar was the chief minister of Tamil Nadu during 1954–1963 and a Member of Parliament during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity.