The northeast monsoon is expected to be vigorous over Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and southern interior of Karnataka, and active over Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Most places in Rayalaseema, Karnataka and Lakshadweep, and many places in coastal Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are already experiencing rainfall.
About Northeast Monsoon
The period between October to December in peninsular India is referred to as the northeast monsoon season. The northeast monsoon used to be called ‘post-monsoon season’ or ‘retreating southwest monsoon season’.
The northeast monsoon is a major period of rainfall activity over the southern peninsula, especially coastal Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema and the Tamilnadu-Pondicherry region. For Tamilnadu, this is the main rainy season accounting for about 48% of the annual rainfall.
Generally, northeast monsoon rains occur in spells of about 3 to 4 days duration. Spells exceeding 4 days occur less often and there are long spells of dry weather with little or no rain. Rainfall is concentrated in the afternoon, evening or early part of the night, except when a depression is formed nearby.
Cyclone Hudhud is expected to make landfall near Vishakapatnam on October 12 according to the IMD (Indian Meteorological Department). The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has put its battalions in TN, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar on high alert. Central Government has sent 39 teams of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) comprising 1,573 personnel, 193 boats and other equipment to Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. NDRF has also set up a Control Room at Delhi whose number is – 011-26107953. Additional battalions are being considered for deployment in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
Warnings from Government Organisations
The IMD has predicted rainfall at most places in this region to be heavy to heavy, with some isolated areas facing extremely heavy rainfall. The Indian Railways has also issued a warning to passengers travelling from or through these states. Cancellation or delay of trains is expected if the situation warrants it. The states in the Bay of Bengal region have issued warnings asking fishermen not to venture deep into the sea. The intensity of Hudhud is expected to be on the lines of that of cyclone Phailin which hit Odisha last year.
Preparation in Andhra Pradesh
The Andhra Pradesh government has identified 26 sub-districts which are expected to be affected by Hudhud. 125 relief camps have been organized to evacuate people along the coast.
The High Court of Karnataka has denied bail to Jayalalitha in the disproportionate assets case. The Special Public Prosecutor raised no objection to granting of bail to Jayalalitha. The lawyer for the defense, Ram Jethmalani, argued vehemently for the release of Jayalalitha, calling it a case of political vendetta. He cited the case of Lalu Prasad Yadav being granted bail by the SC (after being convicted in the fodder scam) as a precedent to take into consideration while deciding whether bail must be granted to Jayalalitha.
Jethmalani also prayed for the suspension of the sentence pending appeal.
Rationale behind judgment
Justice Chandrasekhara refused to grant bail saying that there were no grounds for the Court to grant bail. Citing SC judgments, he opined that corruption amounted to violation of basic human rights, and that it led to economic imbalances in society. The judge also said that the SC had made it clear that cases relating to corruption must be fast-tracked.
He also refused to consider the Lalu Yadav case as a precedent, because he had been granted bail by the SC on an appeal from the HC judgment that denied him bail. Also, he had spent 10 months in jail already when the SC granted him bail. Jayalalitha, on the other hand, has not been in jail even for a month.
The judge also refused to suspend the judgment of the Special Court. He cited several cases of the SC under the Prevention of Corruption Act to validate his ruling that the case was not fit for granting either bail or suspension of sentence.
Future course of action
Jayalalitha’s legal team is likely to appeal the judgment denying bail in the SC. It is also expected that she will ask for a suspension of the four year sentence awarded by the Special Court Judge.
Disproportionate Assets Case
Jayalalitha was the first serving CM to be convicted in a corruption case when a Special Court convicted her of holding assets disproportionate to her income. She was sentenced to four years prison and a fine of Rs. 100 crore. Also, she has been disqualified from contesting elections for the next 10 years under the Representation of People’s Act.