About Indo-Nepal joint military exercise- “Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI”
- In the two-week long exercise, both the armies will work to upgrade their practical and principle aspects of jungle warfare, anti-insurgency operations and rescue operations.
- Objective: To train troops in counter terrorism operations and to enhance defense cooperation and military relations between the two nations.
- The exercise also includes a detailed training in organization and conduct of disaster response, management and rescue operation. The two sides will also share experiences on counter-terrorist operations.
Note: The last Indo-Nepal Joint Military “Surya Kiran-V” was conducted at Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand in 2013.
The senior congress leader, Mr. Harish Rawat sworn-in as the new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand. He was administered the oath by the Governor Aziz Qureshi at Raj Bhawan. He succeeded Vijay Bahuguna.
Mr. Bahuguna resigned from the post of CM due to the criticism for the way he had handled the flood situation and relief and rescue work.
In the 70-member assembly, the Congress, which has 33 MLAs, is supported by the Progressive Democratic Front (PDF) which comprises three BSP MLAs, three independents, and one Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (UKD) MLA
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the extension of the special package of industrial incentive for Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand till March, 2017. However, there was no extension in the key tax incentives under the excise and income-tax holiday scheme.
Benefit: It will help to generate employment, especially for rural youth and will give a boost to manufacturing and the Small and Medium Enterprises in the two States.
Other decisions by CCEA:
- Clearance to a proposal to reserve 30% of procurement orders by BSNL and MTNL for Indian Telephone Industries (ITI). This will enable ITI survive in the competitive environment of telecom manufacturing.
- Approval to a Rs. 761-crore road project in Odisha under its flagship, the National Highways Development Project and gave nod to four-laning of Jharpokharia-Baripada-Baleshwar section of NH-5 in the state. The project will expedite improvement of infrastructure in Odisha and reduce the time and cost of travel on the Jharpokharia-Baripada-Baleshwar route.
As per report titled, ‘Estimation of retreat rate of Gangotri glacier’, the Gangotri glacier is receding like other glaciers in the Himalayas and its volume and size is shrinking between Gaumukh and Bhojbasa. The appraisal of retreat measured by using rapid static and kinematics GPS survey. The study is conducted by scientists from G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development in Almora.
Excerpts of the report – ‘Estimation of retreat rate of Gangotri glacier’
- The retreat in the past decade was higher than it is in this decade. Still, there is some disintegration in the upper regions of the glacier which shows that some tectonic activities are going on in the region. This might be alarming but it is under study.
- From year 2000 onwards, the average rate of retreat of the glacier per year has about 12 to 13 m..
- Global warming is also the one of the factor for glacial retreat.
- Recessional moraines and broad glacial terrace- like features provide sufficient evidence of the shrinking of the glacier in the recent past between Gaumukh and Bhojbasa.
- The River Bhagirathi originates from the glacier retreated more than 1,500m in the last 70 years.
About Gangotri Glacier
- Location: Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand
- The glacier is one of the largest in the Himalayas with an estimated volume of over 27 cubic kilometers.
- The glaciers originate at about 7100 m above the sea level and are 30.2 km long and width that varies between 0.5 and 2.5 km.
- The River Bhagirathi is one of the main tributaries of the Ganga, originates from Gangotri glacier.