India Current Affairs 2017

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Indian Railways launches Janani Sewa, optional catering Scheme on pilot basis

The Union Ministry of Railways launched three passenger service initiatives viz. a Janani Sewa for mothers, optional catering in Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains on a pilot basis and a children’s menu on trains.

These services were launched by Union Railways minister Suresh Prabhu on 8th June 2016 in New Delhi.

Key Facts

  • Janani Sewa: Under this scheme hot milk, hot water and baby food will be available at railway stations. Initially on pilot basis this scheme will be available at 25 railway stations including New Delhi, Howrah, Mumbai, Chennai, Surat and Lucknow.
  • Optional catering services project: It will be available only on the Secunderabad-Pune Shatabdi Express and Mumbai Central-Hazrat Nizammudin Rajdhani Express on a pilot basis for 45 days initially.
  • The catering charges would be deducted from the cost of the Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express ticket if a passenger opts out of the catering service.
  • Children’s menu on trains’ scheme: It seeks to make travel a happier experience for children. Under it, IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation) will provide food items like french fries, noodles, burgers and meal combos through through its e-catering services.


Satya Pal Jain appointed as part time member of 21st Law Commission

Additional Solicitor General of India and former Parliamentarian Satya Pal Jain was appointed as a part-time member of the 21st Law Commission of India.

His appointment is in addition to present charge as an Additional Solicitor General of India.

About Satya Pal Jain

  • Satya Pal Jain is a noted constitution lawyer and senior BJP leader.
  • He also had served as the Dean of the Law Faculty of Panjab University and presently is a Member of the Panjab University Senate.
  • He has been a lawyer in various important civil and criminal cases, Presidential election disputes, Liberhan Commission of Enquiry, various election petitions and other important civil and criminal cases.
  • He was elected Member of Parliament (MP) from Chandigarh in 1996 (11th Lok Sabha) and 1998 (12th Lok Sabha).


  • President Pranab Mukherjee had constituted the 21st Law Commission of India in September 2015.
  • Retired Judge of the Supreme Court Justice B S Chauhan was appointed as its Chairman.
  • Besides, Retired judge of Gujarat High Court Justice Ravi R Tripathi and Bimal N Patel Director, GNLU were nominated members of this Commission.

About Law Commission of India (LCI)

  • The LCI is a non-statutory and non-constitutional body constituted by the Union Government from time to time.
  • The first commission was constituted in 1955 and since then various commissions were re-constituted every three years.
  • It is usually headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or former Chief Justice of a high court.
  • So far, various Law Commissions have submitted 262 reports to make important contribution towards codification and progressive development of laws of the country.
  • The Secretary Department of Legal Affairs and Secretary, Legislature Department of Union Ministry of Law & Justice are ex-officio members of the Commission.


Union Railways Ministry flags off Champaran Satyagrah Express train in Bihar

Union Railways Ministry has flagged off Champaran Satyagrah Express train at a function in Motihari, Bihar.

The train was flagged off by Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu. This train will run between Bapudham, Motihari to Anand Vihar, Delhi.

Champaran Satyagrah Express train has been introduced to mark 100 years of the historic Champaran Satyagraha (movement) launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1917.

It is weekly train which will have load combination of 15 coaches, including one third AC, six sleeper and six general coaches and two brake vans.

Besides, the Union Minister also inaugurated Banmankhi – Purnea rail section and Pipraha Railway Station. He also inaugurated road over bridges at Motihar, Begusarai and Danapur through video conferencing.


The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was Mahatma Gandhi’s first Satyagraha in India. It was launched against the oppressive policies European indigo planters that led to exploitation of tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured labourers and poor farmers in Champaran and neighbouring areas. Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha were the events which later put Gandhi on the front seat of Indian National Revolution and made Satyagraha a powerful tool.