Current Affairs – August 2016

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India, US sign LEMOA

India and the United States have signed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) that will enable both countries to use each other’s bases for repair and replenishment of defence supplies.

The agreement was signed after Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar met his US counterpart, Secretary of Defence Ashton Carter in Washington, D.C.

The logistics agreement signed was based on the memorandum in principle reached between two leaders in April 2016.

What is LEMOA?

  • LEMOA is another name for Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), an agreement that US has signed with many of its allies.
  • It allows defence forces countries to avail defence logistics support facilities such as fuel, spare parts, mechanics, etc. during joint training, Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR), and port calls.
  • Besides, it also lays out the procedure for billing for these facilities as part of a larger accounting transaction and details are contained in clarifying protocols annexed to LEMOA.


  • LEMOA is facilitating agreement that establishes basic terms, conditions, and procedures for reciprocal provision of Logistic Support, Supplies, and Services (LSSS).
  • LSSS include food, billeting, water, medical services, transportation, petroleum, oils, lubricants, clothing, communication services, storage services, training services, spare parts and components, repair and maintenance services and port services.
  • Reciprocal logistic support would be used exclusively during authorized port visits, joint training, joint exercises, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts.
  • Provision of LSSS from one Party to the other would be in return for either cash payment or the reciprocal provision of Logistic Support, Supplies, and Services.
  • Logistics support for any other cooperative efforts will only be provided on a case-by-case basis through prior mutual consent of both countries


  • LEMOA does not create any obligations on either Party to carry out any joint activity. It does not provide for the establishment of any bases or basing arrangements.
  • It will significantly help to enhance the operational capacity of the Indian Armed Forces, including in their response to humanitarian crises or disaster relief.

LEMOA is one of the three foundational agreements that guide US high technology cooperation in defence sector with other countries. Other two are Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) and Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA).

What is CISMOA?

  • CISMOA will allow the US to supply India with its propriety encrypted communications equipment and systems.
  • Thus, it will allow to secure peacetime and wartime communication between high-level military leaders on both sides.
  • CISMOA will also extend this capability to Indian and US military assets, including aircraft and ships.
  • So far US has blocked sale of some of its advanced technologies and sensitive equipments to India on account of non-signing this agreement.

What is BECA?

BECA would facilitate exchange of geospatial information between India and US for both military and civilian use.


Padma Sachdev awarded 2015 Saraswati Samman

Eminent Dogri language Poetess and novelist Padma Sachdev was awarded the prestigious Saraswati Samman for the year 2015.

She was bestowed with this prestigious award for her autobiography ‘Chitt-Chete’ (published in 2007) written in Dogri language. She was felicitated by Delhi’s Lt Governor Najeeb Jung in New Delhi.

About Padma Sachdev

  • Padma Sachdev is first modern woman poet of Dogri language. She also writes in Hindi.
  • She has published her several poetry collection and has 60 books to her credit. Her poetry collection Meri Kavita Mere Geet (My Poems, My Songs) has won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1971.
  • Some of her famous books are Tavi Te Chanhan (1976), Nheriyan Galiyan (1982), Pota Pota Nimbal (1987), Uttar Vahini (1992) and Tainthian (1992).
  • Awards and Honours: Sahitya Akademi Award (1971), Padma Shri (2001), and the Kabir Samman for poetry (2007-08) by Government of Madhya Pradesh.

About Saraswati Samman

  • Saraswati Samman is an annual literary award bestowed upon Indian citizen for his outstanding literary work written in any Indian language.
  • These literary works should be in Indian languages that are mentioned in Schedule VIII of Constitution and published during last 10 years.
  • The award has been named after Hindu goddess of learning and is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India.
  • Established: 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation.
  • Award Carries: Monetary award of 15 lakh rupees, a citation and a plaque.
  • Eminent Hindi author Harivansh Rai Bachchan was the first recipient of this award for his autobiography in four volumes.


India, Myanmar ink four agreements to boost bilateral cooperation

India and Myanmar have signed four Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to enhance cooperation and bilateral relations between the two countries.

These agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his visiting counterpart President of Myanmar U Htin Kyaw in New Delhi.

President Kyaw was on a four day visit to India from 27 August to 30 August 2016. He is the first democratically elected President of Myanmar to visit India.

Signed Agreements are

  • MoU on cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy.
  • MoU on cooperation in the construction of 69 Bridges
  • MoU on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine.
  • MoU on cooperation in the construction and upgradation of the Kalewa – Yagyi Road Section.