Current Affairs – February 2017

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Haryana Government set up sex ratio monitoring dashboard in Panipat

The Haryana government has set up an online system called sex ratio monitoring dashboard as part of the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ Scheme to monitor the sex ratio in the Panipat district.

The system will have the data of child sex ratio collected from all villages every month in the district by the state Health and Women and Child Welfare Departments.

Key Facts
  • The sex ratio monitoring dashboard as a pilot project has been developed in association with National Informatics Centre.
  • It will have the data on critical villages where more attention was required towards skewed child sex ratio. It will help to take steps needed to tackle the social problem of low child sex ratio.
  • The dashboard seeks to serve as an effective tool for enhancing ground-level coordination between the state’s Health and Women and Child Welfare Departments for enhancing ground-evel coordination. 
Background

Haryana has skewed sex ratio in the state and it is one of the lowest Child Sex Ratio in country which stands at 879 girls per 1,000 boys as against the national child sex ratio of 918 girls per 1000 boys.

About Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme

  • The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015 from Haryana for 100 districts across the country to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR).
  • It is designed to address the issue of declining CSR and related issues of disempowerment of women through a life cycle continuum.
  • The main objective is to prevent gender biased sex selective elimination by strict enforcement of laws with stringent punishment to violators.
  • The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD), is the nodal agency for the implementation of the scheme.

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FDI inflow increases by 18% to $46 billion in 2016: DIPP

According to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), India attracted $46 billion foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2016.

It shows that, India’s FDI grew by 18% in 2016 as compared to $39.32 billion FDI inflows in 2015.

Key Facts
  • The main sectors which attracted the highest FDI inflows included services, telecom, trading, computer hardware and software and automobile.
  • Bulk of the FDI came in from Singapore followed by Mauritius, Netherlands and Japan.
Background
  • Foreign investments are considered crucial for India as it needs around 1 trillion dollars for overhauling its infrastructure sector such as ports, airports and highways to boost growth.
  • Strong inflow of foreign investments mainly helps to improve the country’s balance of payments (BoP) situation and also strengthen the rupee value against other global currencies, especially dominant US dollar.
  • To attract inflow of foreign investments, the central government has announced several measures including liberalisation of FDI policy and improvement in business climate.
  • In the Budget 2017-18, Finance Minister further announced relaxation of foreign investment norms and also abolished Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB).

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India, Bangladesh ink MoU to provide financial assistance for development of Sylhet city

India and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the sustainable development of Sylhet, a metropolitan city in northeastern Bangladesh with financial aid from India.

The signing of MoU comes after Indian Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar’s visit to Bangladesh to discuss preparatory aspects of PM Sheikh Hasina’s proposed visit to India in April 2017 and other aspects of bilateral relations.

Key Facts
  • Under the MoU, three projects construction of six-storeyed Cleaner Colony Building and Development of Dhupa Dighipar area, a five-storeyed Kindergarten and High School Building.
  • The signing of MoU was the follow-up of an earlier MoU which was signed between both countries in April 2013 for implementation of sustainable development projects in socio-economic sectors of Bangladesh.
  • India will also carry out similar sustainable development projects for Rajshahi under a MoU signed recently in this regard.
  • India also sanctioned an amount of Taka (currency of Bangladesh) 120 million for the sustainable development of Khulna city. MoU in this regard will be signed shortly.

Sylhet is an ancient city and a historically vibrant city. It part of the former Assam province of India before Independence. It was focal point for 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War between India and Pakistan. It is a also hub of commercial activities.

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