Current Affairs - January 2017

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Japan successfully launches first military communications satellite

Japan has successfully launched its first military communications satellite Kirameki-2 (kee-RAH-meh-kee 2) satellite.

It was launched on board of H-2A rocket that lifted off from the Tanegashima Space Center in southern Japan. The satellite separated from the rocket and entered a designated orbit.

Key Facts
  • The Kirameki-2 satellite has been designed to upgrade Japan’s existing communication network in the face of China’s increasingly assertive maritime activity and North Korea’s missile threat.
  • It is the first of three satellites that will replace three civilian satellites currently used by Japan’s military. The new satellites will allow military units to communicate on a high-speed and high-capacity network.
  • These satellites aimed at stepping up Japan’s emergency response capability in case of natural disaster, China’s maritime activity from southern Japanese waters to South China Sea, as well as missile threats from North Korea.
  • They will be also used by Japanese troops operating overseas as part of international peacekeeping operations, including those off the Somali coast and in South Sudan.

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India inks deal with UAE for strategic oil reserves storgae

India has signed a deal with United Arab Emirates (UAE), fifth biggest oil supplier as part of its quest for energy security and strategic reserve system.

The deal allows UAE’s Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC) to fill half (about 6 million barrels of oil) of an underground crude oil storage facility at Mangaluru, Karnataka.

India has already filled the other half of the Mangaluru storage in Karnataka state with six million barrels of Iranian oil. It also has filled a Vizag storage site in southern Andhra Pradesh with 7.55 million barrels of Iraqi oil and has invited bids from suppliers to fill an 18.3 million-barrel facility at Padur in Karnataka.

Background

As one of the fastest growing economies and world’s third-biggest oil consumer, India is building emergency storage in underground caverns to hold 36.87 million barrels of crude, or about 10 days of its average daily oil demand. This move aims to hedge against energy security risks as it imports most of its oil needs. In 2014, India already had started talks to lease part of its strategic storage to ADNOC. Under those discussions, India was to have first rights to the stored crude in case of an emergency, while ADNOC will e able to move cargoes to meet any shift in demand.

Significance
  • Strategic petroleum reserves have become indispensable to safeguard the economy and to help maintain national security in the event of an energy crisis.
  • These crude oil reserves (or stockpiles) can be held by the government of a particular country, as well as by private industry.

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Padma awards 2017

President Pranab Mukherjee announced the names of recipients of year 2017 Padma awards viz. Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. He approved conferment of Padma Awards on 89 persons. The list includes 7 Padma Vibhushan, 7 Padma Bhushan and 75 Padma Shri Awardees. Out of these selected 89 persons, 19 are women, 5 awardees are from the category of foreigners, NRIs, PIOs while 6 are posthumous awardees. This edition of list includes more than 15 unsung persons and alsopeople who rendered selfless service at the grassroots. Padma Awards, the country’s highest civilian awards given in various disciplines- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc.

PADMA VIBHUSHAN: It is the second highest civilian award. It is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service.

Sl. No Name Field State
1.                   K J Yesudas Art-Music Kerala
2.                   Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev Others-Spiritualism Tamil Nadu
3.                   Sharad Pawar Public Affairs Maharashtra
4.                   Murli Manohar Joshi Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
5.                   Prof. Udipi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
6.                   Sunder Lal Patwa (Posthumous) Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
7.                   PA Sangma (Posthumous) Public Affairs Meghalaya

Padma Bhushan: It is the third highest civilian award. It is awarded for distinguished service of high order.

Sl. No. Name Field State
8.                   Vishwa Mohan Bhatt Art-Music Rajasthan
9.                   Prof. (Dr.) Devi Prasad Dwivedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
10.               Tehemton Udwadia Medicine Maharashtra
11.               Shri Ratna Sundar Maharaj Others-Spiritualism Gujarat
12.               Swami Niranjana Nanda Saraswati Others-Yoga Bihar
13.               H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Foreigner) Literature & Education Thailand
14.               Cho Ramaswamy (Posthumous) Literature & Education –Journalism Tamil Nadu

 Padma Shri: It is the third highest civilian award. It is awarded for distinguished service of high order.

Sl. No Name Field State
15.               Basanti Bisht Art-Music Uttarakhand
16.               Chemanchery Kunhiraman Nair Art-Dance Kerala
17.               Aruna Mohanty Art-Dance Odisha
18.               Bharathi Vishnuvardhan Art-Cinema Karnataka
19.               Sadhu Meher Art-Cinema Odisha
20.               T K Murthy Art-Music Tamil Nadu
21.               Laishram Birendrakumar Singh Art-Music Manipur
22.               Krishna Ram Chaudhary Art-Music Uttar Pradesh
23.               Baoa Devi Art-Painting Bihar
24.               Tilak Gitai Art-Painting Rajasthan
25.               Dr. Prof. Aekka Yadagiri Rao Art-Sculpture Telangana
26.               Jitendra Haripal Art-Music Odisha
27.               Kailash Kher Art-Music Maharashtra
28.               Parassala B Ponnammal Art-Music Kerala
29.               Sukri Bommagowda Art-Music Karnataka
30.               Mukund Nayak Art-Music Jharkhand
31.               Purushottam Upadhyay Art-Music Gujarat
32.               Anuradha Paudwal Art-Music Maharashtra
33.               Wareppa Naba Nil Art-Theatre Manipur
34.               Tripuraneni Hanuman Chowdary Civil Service Telangana
35.               T.K. Viswanathan Civil Service Haryana
36.               Kanwal Sibal Civil Service Delhi
37.               Birkha Bahadur Limboo Muringla Literature & Education Sikkim
38.               Eli Ahmed Literature & Education Assam
39.               Narendra Kohli Literature & Education Delhi
40.               Prof. G. Venkatasubbiah Literature & Education  Karnataka
41.               Akkitham Achyuthan Namboothiri Literature & Education Kerala
42.               Kashi Nath Pandita Literature & Education Jammu & Kashmir
43.               Chamu Krishna Shastry Literature & Education Delhi
44.               Harihar Kripalu Tripathi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
45.               Michel Danino Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
46.               Punam Suri Literature & Education Delhi
47.               VG Patel Literature & Education Gujarat
48.               V Koteswaramma Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
49.               Balbir Dutt Literature & Education-Journalism Jharkhand
50.               Bhawana Somaaya Literature & Education-Journalism Maharashtra
51.               Vishnu Pandya Literature & Education-Journalism Gujarat
52.               Dr. Subroto Das Medicine Gujarat
53.               Dr. (Smt.) Bhakti Yadav Medicine Madhya Pradesh
54.               Dr. Mohammed Abdul Waheed Medicine Telangana
55.               Dr. Madan Madhav Godbole Medicine Uttar Pradesh
56.               Dr. Devendra Dayabhai Patel Medicine Gujarat
57.               Prof. Harkishan Singh Medicine Chandigarh
58.               Dr. Mukut Minz Medicine Chandigarh
59.               Arun Kumar Sharma Others-Archaeology Chhattisgarh
60.               Sanjeev Kapoor Others-Culinary Maharashtra
61.               Meenakshi Amma Others-Martial Art Kerala
62.               Genabhai Dargabhai Patel Others-Agriculture Gujarat
63.               Chandrakant Pithawa Science & Engineering Telangana
64.               Prof. Ajoy Kumar Ray Science & Engineering West Bengal
65.               Chintakindi Mallesham Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
66.               Jitendra Nath Goswami Science & Engineering Assam
67.               Daripalli Ramaiah Social Work Telangana
68.               Girish Bhardwaj Social Work Karnataka
69.               Karimul Hak Social Work West Bengal
70.               Bipin Ganatra Social Work West Bengal
71.               Nivedita Raghunath Bhide Social work Tamil Nadu
72.               Appasaheb Dharmadhikari Social Work Maharashtra
73.               Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal Social Work Punjab
74.               Virat Kohli Sports-Cricket Delhi
75.               Shekar Naik Sports-Cricket Karnataka
76.               Vikasa Gowda Sports-Discus Throw Karnataka
77.               Deepa Malik Sports-Athletics Haryana
78.               Mariyappan Thangavelu Sports-Athletics Tamil Nadu
79.               Dipa Karmakar Sports-Gymnastics Tripura
80.               P R Shreejesh Sports-Hockey Kerala
81.               Sakshi Malik Sports-Wrestling Haryana
82.               Mohan Reddy Venkatrama Bodanapu Trade & Industry Telangana
83.               Imrat Khan (NRI/PIO) Art-Music USA
84.               Anant Agarwal (NRI/PIO) Literature & Education USA
85.               H.R. Shah (NRI/PIO) Literature & Education-Journalism USA
86.               Suniti Solomon

(Posthumous)

Medicine Tamil Nadu
87.               Asoke Kumar Bhattacharyya (Posthumous) Others-Archaeology West Bengal
88.               Dr. Mapuskar (Posthumous) Social Work Maharashtra
89.               Anuradha Koirala (Foreigner) Social Work Nepal

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