Current Affairs – July 2015

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UNESCO names Conakry as World Book Capital for 2017

United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) has named Conakry, the Capital city of the Republic of Guinea as the World Book Capital for year 2017.

With this selection Conakry become the 17th city in the World to be designated as World Book Capital. At present, Incheon city of South Korea is World Book Capital for year 2015.

About World Book Capital

  • It is a designation bestowed by UNESCO to a particular city every year since 2001.
  • Seeks to promote books and reading and the dedication of all players in the book industry.
  • The designation runs for 1 year starting from UNESCO’s World Book and Copyright Day (April 23) till April 22 of the following year.
  • Madrid, capital of Spain in 2001 was the first city to be recognised as World Book Capital.
  • In case of India, New Delhi was recognised as World Book Capital in 2003.
  • Wrocław city of Poland has been chosen as World Book Capital for year 2016.


India ranks 12th in terms of power generation from nuclear source

As per recently published data, India has been placed at 12th position among the 31 countries in the world in terms of power (electricity) generation from nuclear source.

The data was published by the Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). However, India was placed at 6th position in terms of number of reactors in operation country-wise.

Present installed nuclear power capacity of India is around 5780 MW. This capacity is expected to increase to 10080 MW on progressive completion of projects under construction and commissioning by 2019.

Current projects are

  • Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) Units I and II with capacity of 2X700 MW and Kudankulam Units III and IV with capacity of 2X1000 MW are expected to be launched by end of 2015. Thus, they will add additional 3400 MW capacity.
  • 1 Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) of 500 MW capacity is in the stage of commissioning at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu. While, construction of 2 more FBR I and II of 600 MW capacity each are also planned at Kalpakkam.

In order to meet, nuclear fuel demand India has signed nuclear agreements with number of countries including US, Canada, Kazakhstan, Russia, France, Australia, Namibia, Mongolia, South Korea, Argentina, United Kingdom and Sri Lanka.

Apart from singing agreements, India also has opened paths for negotiation with other friendly countries that have potential to make contribution to country’s nuclear energy programme.


India earns $100 million by launching 45 foreign satellites: Government

India has earned about US 100 million dollars by launching 45 commercial foreign satellites from 19 countries.

The revenue was earned by Antrix, the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

This information was given by Union Science and Technology Minister Jitendra Singh in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

It was also announced this revenue from the commercial space missions will further grow with launch of 28 foreign satellites between 2015 and 2017. In this regard Antrix has signed agreements with six countries viz. Algeria, Canada, Germany, Indonesia, Singapore and US.

Apart from this, the minister also informed that ISRO has launched 72 indigenous satellites from Satish Dhawan space centre, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh using indigenous launch vehicles viz. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). In addition, ISRO also has successfully launched four micro and nano satellites built by students of Indian universities. In future six indigenous satellites are also to be launched by Mach 2016.