Current Affairs – July 2016

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NBAGR registers nine new breeds of livestock and poultry

The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) has identified and registered nine new breeds of indigenous farm (livestock and poultry) animals.

Decision in this regard was taken based on approval of the Breed registration Committee. These new indigenous breeds were registered based on scientifically produced evidence.

Key Facts

  • The new germplasm of indigenous farm animals registered as breeds includes 1 breed of cattle, 2 breeds each of goat and sheep, 3 breeds of pig, and 1 breed of chicken.
  • The 9 newly identified and registered breeds are Badri cow (Uttarakhand), Kodi Adu goat (Tamil Nadu), Teressa goat (Nicobar Island), Kendrapada sheep (Odisha), Chevaadu sheep (Tamil Nadu), Nicobari pig (NicobarIsland), Tenyi Vo pig (Nagaland), Doom pig (Assam) and Kaunayenchicken (Manipur).
  • With this, the total number of indigenous breeds of livestock in the country has reached to 160.
  • It include 40 cattle breeds, 13 buffalo breeds, 26 goat breeds, 42 sheep breeds, 6 horses and ponies breeds, 9 camel breeds, 6 pig breeds, 1 donkey breeds, and 17 chicken breeds.

What is purpose of identification and registration of indigenous breeds?

  • They are identified and registered as part of an exercise to conserve them, taking in view their area-specific suitability and disease resistance capabilities.
  • The process aims at creating a sense of ownership among local communities responsible for development of indigenous breeds.
  • It also helps in inventorisation, conservation, improvement and sustainable utilisation of animal genetic resources of the country.

About National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR)

  • NBAGR is premier institute for identification, characterization, evaluation, conservation and utilization of livestock and poultry genetic resources of the country.
  • It is located in Karnal, Haryana. It was established by merging National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources and National Institute of Animal Genetics in September 1995.

LG is the administrative head of National Capital Territory: Delhi High Court

The Delhi High Court has ruled that the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi continues to be a Union Territory (UT) under the administrative control of the Lt Governor (LG).

Ruling in this regard was given HC bench of Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice Jayant Nath. It brings an end to tussle between the cabinet form of governance in Delhi and the Lieutenant Governor.

The hearing held that

  • Delhi continues to be UT even after Constitution was amended to create National Capital Territory (NCT).
  • In matters which in which assembly can make laws, the Ministry’s decisions should be communicated to LG and should be implemented only if LG agrees.
  • Delhi Government’s decisions to probe alleged irregularities in the functioning DDCA and CNG fitness scam as illegal since these orders were issued without seeking the concurrence of Lt Governor.
  • Besides its policy directions to electricity regulatory commission for compensation to people for disruption in power supply was also declared illegal.

Delhi High Court’s hearing was based on reading of Article 239 and Article 239AA of the Constitution together along with the provisions of the Government of NCT of Delhi Act, 1991 and the Transaction of Business of the Government of NCT of Delhi Rules, 1993

Article 239: It provides that every Union territory shall be administered by the President acting, to such extent as he thinks fit. He administers UT through an administrator to be appointed by him. It provides to the President the power to appoint a Governor as the administrator of the UT.

Article 239AA: It provides special provisions stating the UT of Delhi shall be called the NCTD. There shall be a Legislative Assembly for the NCT and the seats in such Assembly shall be filled by members chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the NCT.


Parliament passes Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Bill, 2016

The Parliament has passed the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Bill after it was unanimously approved by Rajya Sabha.

The comprehensive amendment bill seeks to amend and strengthen Benami Transaction (Prohibition) Act, 1988 in terms of legal and administrative procedure to curb domestic black money.

Key Features of Bill

  • The Bill seeks to (i) Amend the definition of benami transactions to widen the scope for legal action (ii) Specify penalties for entering into benami transactions and (iii) establish adjudicating authorities and Appellate Tribunal to deal with benami transactions.
  • It add other transactions which qualify as benami, such as property transactions where: (i) the owner is not aware or denies knowledge of the ownership of the property, (ii) transaction is made in a fictitious name (iii) person providing the consideration for the property is not traceable.
  • The Bill also adds provisions to establish an Appellate Tribunal in order to hear appeals against any orders passed by the Adjudicating Authority.
  • Appeals against orders of the Appellate Tribunal will lie to the high court. The Bill specifies the penalty for providing false information.
  • The punishment includes rigorous imprisonment ranging from 6 months up to 5 years, and a fine which may extend to 25% of the fair market value of the benami property.
  • It also intends to effectively prohibit benami transactions and consequently prevent circumvention of law through unfair practices.
  • It empowers the Union Government to confiscate benami property by following due procedure. Therefore it promotes equity across all citizens.
  • The Bill provides immunity under the Benami Act to those who declare their benami properties under income declaration scheme.


In recent years the Union Government has taken various measures to curb the black money and the proposed legislation is one of them. It has been framed to tackle the menace black money by creating fear of law. However, the law does not cover benami property which is outside the country under it as it will be deemed as black money.