Current Affairs 2017 - March

Cabinet approves amendments to NABARD Act, 1981

Union Cabinet has approved proposal for amending National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981.

Decision in this regard was taken in the Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.

Cabinet Approvals
  • Amendments in Act to increase authorized capital of NABARD from Rs. 5,000 crore to Rs. 30,000 crore and further increase it beyond Rs. 30,000 crore in consultation with RBI, as deemed necessary from time to time.
  • It also includes certain other amendments including changes in long title and certain sections to bring Handlooms and Medium Enterprises in NABARD’s mandate.
  • Transfer of 0.4% equity of RBI in NABARD amounting to Rs. 20 crores to the Union Government.
Comment
  • Increase in authorized capital will enable NABARD to respond to the its commitments undertaken, in respect of Long Term Irrigation Fund (LIF) and Government’s decision regarding on-lending to cooperative banks.
  • It will enable NABARD to augment its business and enhance its activities, thus facilitating promotion of integrated rural development and securing prosperity of rural areas by generating of more employment.
  • The transfer of entire shareholding of RBI held in NABARD to the Union Government will remove the conflict in RBI’s role as banking regulator and shareholder in NABARD.

About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

  • NABARD is an apex development bank in India. The Union Government holds the majority stake in it.
  • Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • Established: 1982 on the recommendations of Shivaraman Committee to implement the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981.
  • It has been entrusted with matters concerning policy, planning and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India.
  • It is active in developing financial inclusion policy and is a member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion.
  • Mandate: Facilitate credit flow for promotion and development of agriculture, small-scale industries, cottage and village industries, handicrafts and other rural crafts.
  • Support all other allied economic activities in rural areas, promote integrated and sustainable rural development and secure prosperity of rural areas.

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Cabinet approves MoU between India and US in field of Cyber Security

The Union Cabinet has approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-ln) and the US Homeland Security Department on cooperation in the field of Cyber Security.

The MoU was signed in January 2017 in New Delhi. It intends to promote closer co-operation and exchange of information pertaining to the Cyber Security between both strategic partners in accordance with the relevant laws, rules and regulations and on the basis of equality, mutual benefit and reciprocity.

About CERT-In (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team)
  • CERT-In is a government-mandated nodal agency for information technology (IT) security established in 2004 under the aegis of the Indian Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Electronics and IT.
  • According to the provisions of the IT Amendment Act, 2008, CERT-In is responsible for overseeing administration of the Act.
  • CERT-In’s Mandate: Protect Indian cyberspace and software infrastructure against destructive and hacking activities.
  • Respond to computer security incidents, report on vulnerabilities and promote effective IT security practices throughout the country.
  • Issue guidelines, vulnerability notes, advisories, and whitepapers regarding to information security practices, prevention, procedures, response and reporting of cyber security incidents.

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