Current Affairs – May 2016

Current Affairs May 2016 with Latest Current Affairs for preparation of IAS, UPSC, Banking, IBPS, Railways and other exams. Current Events May 2016 news summary on current events of national and international importance.

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Indian Railways conduct trial run of High-Speed Spanish Talgo Train

Indian Railways has conducted the first ever trial run for high-speed Talgo trains of Spain on the 90-km Bareilly-to-Moradabad stretch in Uttar Pradesh.

It was the first phase of the trail run and was conducted as part of the Indian Railways’ strategy to increase the speed of trains.

Trail Run

  • The first phase of trial run was conducted t speeds between 80 KMPH and 115 KMPH (km per hour) by a joint team of the Railway Design Standards Organisation (RDSO) and Spanish train manufacturer Talgo.
  • It consisted of nine-coach Talgo train hauled by a 4500 HP diesel engine. The train covered 90-km distance in 1 hour 10 minutes.

In the second and third phase, Indian Railway’s is going to conduct trail run on Mathura-Palwal (Rajdhani) route and Mumbai-Delhi route respectively to test the riding, safety and stability of Talgo trains.

Key features of Talgo train

  • Talgo trains are lighter and faster with speed up to 115 KMPH. They are designed to run on curves tracks without decelerating the speed.
  • They consume 30 percent less energy. The 9 coach Talgo train consists of 2 Executive Class cars, 4 Chair Cars, 1 cafeteria, 1 power car and tail-end coach for staff and equipment.

Talgo: It is a Madrid-based Spanish leading manufacturer of energy-efficient semi-high speed (160-250 kmph) and high-speed (350 kmph) passenger trains.

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Indian Railways, PEC sign MoU to set up Kalpana Chawla Chair on geospatial technology

Union Ministry of Railways and PEC University of Technology have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for setting up of Kalpana Chawla Chair on Geospatial Technology for Indian Railways at the University.

The MoU was signed in the backdrop of Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu’s Budget announcement in this regard.

Key facts

  • The academic chair is being instituted in memory of Indo–American Astronaut and Alumnus of PEC Late Kalpana Chawla. She was the first woman of Indian origin in space.
  • The objective of the chair is to encourage research activities of Indian Railways in Geo-spatial Technology.
  • It will also help to strengthen Railway projects where use of remote sensing data, Geographical information System (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) is predominant.
  • This will immensely help Indian Railways to develop in house solutions to the problems which are often outsourced to western countries.
  • The Chair will be headed as Chairman by V.K.Gupta, Member Engineering, Railway Board and Manoj Arora, Director, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh as Co-chairman.
  • The Chair will function through a Chair Core Committee (CCC) and shall have members from Railways and PEC.

India’s own submarine assembly workshop inaugurated at Mazgaon

Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar a state-of-the-art submarine assembly workshop at the Mazgaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

The inauguration is considered as a major step towards self-sufficiency in the area of submarine construction for the Indian Navy.

Key facts

  • The newly built Submarine Marine Assembly Workshop is a pre-engineered building structure built at a cost of Rs 153 crore.
  • It is capable to handle construction of multiple submarines simultaneously and will make it possible to assemble five submarines in the workshop at the same time.
  • The workshop has features such as sewage treatment plan, grey water treatment plant, rain water harvesting, oily water separator plant for treatment of sewage, oily water and grey water respectively, with zero discharge into the municipal drains.
  • This facility will enable MDL to go in for a second line of submarines concurrently which is assembling Scorpene class submarines at its East Yard in collaboration with DCNS of France.

Comment

  • This facility will ensure lesser delays in building indigenous submarines for Indian Navy in the long run as well as for the envisaged second line of Scorpene submarines under strategic Project P 75I.
  • It will also give boost to India’s acquired capacity to build submarines in the early 1980s which had built two submarines, INS Shalki and INS Shankul under a technology transfer agreement with German HDW.
  • But for nearly two decades, no other submarines were built after India decided to buy Kilo class submarines from Russia.

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