Current Affairs – October 2016

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IPS officer Karnal Singh appointed as Director of Enforcement Directorate

The Union Government has appointed Senior IPS officer Karnal Singh as the Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED).

Decision in this regard was taken by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He will be in office till 31 August 2017.

Karnal Singh is 1984-batch IPS officer of the Union territories cadre. Prior to this appointment, he was holding additional charge as Director of ED for over a year.

What is Enforcement Directorate (ED)?

  • The Economic Enforcement is economic intelligence and law enforcement agency agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.
  • It functions under the aegis of the Department of Revenue, Union Ministry of Finance.
  • It has a mandate to enforce two of most stringent laws in the country. They are Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) and Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) to check black money and hawala trade cases.

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Life expectancy highest in Jammu and Kashmir: RGI Data

According to the data given by the Registrar General of India (RGI), Jammu and Kashmir has the highest life expectancy (i.e. post-60 life expectancy), except life expectancy at birth.

With this, Jammu and Kashmir has surpassed Kerala which used to be the leader in life expectancy in almost all categories of age till 2010.

What is data about?

  • RGI’s Sample Registration System (SRS) had published state level life expectancy data prepared following surveys done between 2010 and 2014.
  • The data was released for different ages: 0 (at birth), 1, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70. It had defined life expectancy as estimate of average number of additional years that a person of a given age can expect to live.
  • However this statistical system was confined only to 21 bigger states and UTs and it did not produce life expectancy numbers on 15 small states and UTs such as Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep.

Key Facts

  • The data shows that Kerala still has the highest overall life expectancy at birth at 74.9 years. It is 72 for men and 77.8 for women.
  • Delhi is second, with an overall life expectancy at birth at 73.2 years. It is 72 for men and 74.7 for women.
  • Jammu and Kashmir stands at third and it had the second-highest life expectancy at birth. It is behind only Kerala even during 2006-10.

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Government launches International Household Survey Network Toolkit

The Union Minister for Statistics and Programme Implementation, D.V. Sadananda Gowda has launched the International Household Survey Network (IHSN) Toolkit.

He also had launched new Website of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in New Delhi.

What is International Household Survey Network (IHSN) Toolkit?

  • The IHSN is a standard bench mark which can be used as an active management tool for better integration of administrative structures and statistical access for policy making.
  • It is about latest trends & developments of data archives, storage and dissemination technology tools available to user. It is designed to address technical issues facing data producers.
  • Components of Toolkit are (i) Metadata Editor: It allows user to add survey metadata and create the ddi.xml and as Nesstar study document. (ii) CD-ROM Builder: It allows user to generate HTML output from the study that can be published on the Internet or a CD for dissemination. (iii) NADA: It is search engine that allows user to import the ddi.xml and search for variables and view metadata.

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