Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

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Vinay Mohan Kwatra Appointed as Ambassador to France

Diplomat Vinay Mohan Kwatra has been appointed as India’s next ambassador to France. He is currently serving as joint secretary in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). Kwatra will succeed Mohan Kumar who is due to retire soon.

Kwatra has served in Indian diplomatic missions in China and the US and has experience dealing  with the UN organisations such as International Labour Organisation (ILO) and World Health Organisation (WHO). In the MEA, he had served as the joint secretary incharge of the counter-terrorism division in the MEA.

 

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Supreme Court begins hearing Final Arguments on the Constitutional Validity of Triple Talaq

A five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of India JS Khehar has begun hearing petitions challenging the practice of triple talaq. The petitions that have been filed in the past two years by Muslim women, who have been affected by the practice of Triple Talaq, has prayed for the abolition of the practice as it was discriminatory and biased and violated their right to equality. The lead petition has been titled “Quest for Equality vs Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind“. Interestingly, the case will be heard by five judges from five different communities, namely, CJI J S Khehar (Sikh) and Justices Kurian Joseph (Christian), R F Nariman (Parsi), U U Lalit (Hindu) and Abdul Nazeer (Muslim).

The Supreme Court will complete hearing of the petitions before May 19. A judgment in the case can be expected to be delivered in the month of June.

The Supreme Court has stated that it would determine the constitutional validity of the triple talaq  and would not examine the Islamic custom of polygamy, while hearing petitions challenging triple talaq.

Talaq-ul-bidat or Triple talaq is a Sharia law practice which men are given power to end a marriage by simply saying the Urdu word ‘talaq’ three times at one sitting.

Background

India has world’s third-largest Muslim population governed by the Sharia or Islamic jurisprudence. Under the Sharia law, women face the threat of oral and out-of-court divorce by uttering triple talaq. There are reports that several women are being divorced even via phone, text messages, newspapers advertisements, instant messaging apps like WhatsApp.

According to the petitioners, triple talaq is not a form of divorce recognised in the Quran.

The Central government has come out in favour of abolishing the practice of triple talaq. The Central government as a part of its written submissions to the Supreme Court has stated that since gender equality is part of the basic structure of the Constitution, Muslim women cannot be denied this right. This is the first time the Central government has taken a firm stand on this contentious issue.

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India protests Participation of Canada’s PM at ‘Khalsa Day’

India has protested the participation of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at ‘Khalsa Day’ in Toronto that saw felicitation of Sikh separatist elements and featured Khalistani flags and posters of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Mr. Trudeau has become the first Canadian PM to attend the ‘Khalsa Day’ event in a decade since Paul Martin in 2005. The Khalsa Day event was organised to mark the Sikh new year.

The parade organised by the Ontario Sikhs and Gurdwara Council felicitated two legislators, who had authored a motion in the Ontario Assembly calling the 1984 anti-Sikh riots as “genocide”. The  resolution was passed by the Ontario Assembly on April 6. India had issued its strong protest against the passage of the motion (34-5) terming it as a misguided motion based on a limited understanding of India. Indian government had also expressed its reservations and concerns during the meeting between Defence Minister Arun Jaitley and Canada’s Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan on April 18.

Also in the event, Sikh militant leaders Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Amreek Singh and former General Shahbeg Singh who were killed in Operation Bluestar in June 1984 were also glorified.

The issues over the growth of Khalistani groups in Canada is likely to be discussed during Mr. Trudeau’s expected visit to India late this year or early next year.

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