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हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

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NASA discovers ‘Youngest Black Hole’ in Milky Way:

NASA has claimed to have discovered the youngest black hole, named W49B, in Earth’s galaxy or the Milky Way.

The black, located within a supernova remnant, was formed by a rare supernova explosion of a massive star. The agency’sChandra X-ray Observatory captured its images which is located 26,000 light-years away.

The remnant is estimated to be about 1,000 years old. It is very young as compared to the average age of a black hole in the Milky Way which ranges b/w 17,000 and 21,000 years. The agency is still to confirm the event.

The formation of this black is very unusual as most supernova lead to the formation of a neutron star (a small and highly dense body comprised almost entirely of neutrons). These neutron stars are identified by their unique X-ray characteristics which were not found in W49B indicating that it has instead formed a black hole.

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Fact Box: Dongria Kondh tribe

MoEF justifies cancellation of environmental clearance to Vedanta

The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has held that its decision of cancellation of the environmental clearance granted to Vedanta for the Lanjigarh Bauxite mining project in Odisha was right and that forest land cannot be diverted under the provisions of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.

As per MoEF, the diversion of forest land on the proposed mining site of the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is violative of the fundamental rights of the Dongria Kondh tribals as well as the spirit of Forest Rights Act especially for the vulnerable tribal groups such as the Dongria Kondh and thus cannot be allowed for this reason alone.

As per Govt. the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is located in Scheduled Areas as referred to in Clause (1) of Article 244 of the Constitution. Circumscribing or extinguishing of forest rights in such areas shall not be in conformity with the provisions of the clause-5 of the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution.

About Dongria Kondh tribe:

The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. km. of the sacred undisturbed forests on top of the mountain, where the proposed mining lease area of the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is located. They consider the land and forests sacred to their deity. Diversion of these sacred areas for mining will undermine the customary rights of the Dongria Kondhs to protect their sacred places of worship and thereby amount to a violation of their fundamental right to manage their own affairs in the matter of religion and fundamental right to conserve the culture of their own. It was also in direct violation further of the specific provisions of the Forest Rights Act.

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SEBI allows Gold ETFs to invest in Gold Deposit Schemes

Market regulator SEBI has allowed Gold Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) to invest in gold deposit schemes of banks, as part of overall efforts to utilize idle assets of the precious metal for more productive purposes.

The gold ETFs of mutual funds have been permitted to invest in Gold Deposit Scheme (GDS) of banks, subject to certain conditions including that the total investment in GDS will not exceed 20% of total asset under management of such schemes.

As per RBI, about 20,000 tonnes of idle gold is lying with the people. The central bank wants to channelize the idle gold for productive purposes and also curb the demand for imports.

As per SEBI guidelines, before investing in GDS, mutual funds would have to bring out a written policy related to the investment with due approval from the Board of the Asset Management Company and the Trustees.

Increasing gold imports have been contributing substantially to the widening of Current Account Deficit (CAD). In 2011-12 fiscal, gold imports stood at USD 56.5 billion.

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