Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

HRD Ministry decides to replace German as third language in KV’s with Sanskrit

Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has decided to replace German as a third language in schools of Kendriya Vidyalaya (KVs) with Sanskrit right away instead of waiting for the new academic session to effect the changes. The decision to discontinue German was taken on 27th October 2014, after the meeting of Board of Governors of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) headed by Union HRD Minister Smriti Irani.

HRD ministry has preferred gradual phasing out of German as the third language by 2017-18.

HRD Ministry has mentioned that not teaching Sanskrit as third language in KV schools is the violation of the Constitution and National Policy on Education.

They even have launched an investigation on the MoU signed between KV’s and Goethe Institute in 2011.

Why this decision was taken?

  • As per HRD ministry, the MoU between KV’s and the Goethe-Institut of Max Mueller Bhawan, which was signed in 2011, was against the national education policy and the National Curriculum Framework which allows only an Indian language to be taught as a third language in schools.
  • Earlier in 2014, Sanskrit Shikshak Sangh (SSS) had opposed this decision of teaching German in KV’s. SSS had moved to Delhi High Court alleging that KV’s had introduced German as a third language in place of Sanskrit against the education policy.

Impact of this decision on

  • Student of KV’s: This decision is expected to affect over 70000 students across 500 KVs from classes 6 to 8, who have to switch from German to Sanskrit. However, students will be given an option to pick any Indian language of their choice as annual exams are barely three months away.
  • Higher Studies: From 2008, the number of Indian students going to Germany for higher studies has risen by 114 per cent. Germany is one of the top destinations for Indian students, particularly those studying engineering, science and technology, for affordable higher education and possible employment. It will have negative impact on those who are eager to pursue Higher Studies in Germany.

German as a third language

In 2011, Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between KV’s and Goethe Institute-Max Mueller Bhawan for teaching German as third language in KV’s across country. Thereafter, German was taught as a third language from classes 6 to 8 in KV’s. However, this MoU was not referred to HRD Ministry at any stage. The decision to teach German at the KV’s was taken by then UPA government in view of the fact that children from Indian schools need to know foreign languages in a globalised world,  in order integrated into the global economy.

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Two states, three UTs achieve 100% inclusion under PMJDY

Union Finance Ministry has announced that Goa and Kerala became the first states in the country to achieve 100 percent Financial Inclusion under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY).

Union Finance Ministry also announced that three Union Territories (UTs) namely Chandigarh, Puducherry and Lakshadweep achieved 100 percent financial inclusion under PMJDY.

According to official data available till 5th November, 11.26 lakh bank accounts were opened in Kerala, followed by 77, 485 accounts in Goa, 1.36 lakh accounts in Chandigarh, 69819 accounts in Puducherry and 3588 accounts in Lakshadweep under the Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY).

Finance Ministry has declared States of Kerala and Goa, union territories of Chandigarh, Puducherry and Lakshadweep and three districts of Gujarat- Porbandar, Mehasana, Gandhinagar as 100 per cent saturated in terms of coverage of all households with at least one bank account.

According to Finance Ministry

  • PMJDY so far managed to bring over 5000 crore rupees into the formal banking system as account holders have started depositing cash. A large chunk of this money would have been kept at home in the absence of accounts, with little or no productive use.
  • According to the initial results, on an average about 80% of the households surveyed have now got at least one bank account.
  • As in the first week of November 2014, 7.24 crore accounts have been opened under PMJDY of which 4.29 crore in rural and 2.95 crore are in urban areas. RuPay Cards have been issued in case of 3.97 crore accounts.
  • At the time banks had been given a target of opening 7.5 crore accounts under the scheme.
  • Each of the accounts come with a debit card, 1 lakh rupees accidental insurance policy and 30000 rupees free medical insurance cover.

About Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

On 28th August 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the scheme with the goal of eradicating financial untouchability of the poor by opening at least one bank account for every family in the country in less than six months.

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