Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

India votes against UN resolution banning death penalty

At the General Assembly’s Third Committee, which deals with social and humanitarian issues, India voted against the UN General Assembly draft resolution which called for abolishing the death penalty. 110 nations voted in favour of the resolution while 36 abstained and 39 countries voted against the resolution. The draft resolution expresses its "deep concern about the continued application of the death penalty and calls on states to establish a moratorium on executions, with a view to abolishing the practice".

India held that:

  • Every nation had the "sovereign right" to determine its own legal system.
  • The draft resolution sought a moratorium on executions. India could not support the text in its present form.

Counsellor Amit Kumar from the Indian mission to the UN held that:

  • In India, the death penalty is exercised in the ‘rarest of rare’ cases, where the crime committed is so heinous as to shock the conscience of society
  • Indian law provides for all requisite procedural safeguards, including the right to a fair hearing by an independent Court, the presumption of innocence, the minimum guarantees for the defence, and the right to review by a higher Court
  • The President of India in all cases, and the Governors of States under their respective jurisdictions, have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence

Amongst other nations that voted against against the resolution were Bangladesh, China, Korea, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kuwait, Libya, Pakistan and the USA.

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“White Goods makers miss targets despite good demand” – What are White Goods ?

What are ‘White Goods’ or ‘Whiteware’ ? What are ‘White Sales’?

‘White Goods’ or ‘Whiteware’ basically refer to two groups of household items:

  • Household linens
  • Household appliances

Household linens

  • Household linens like Handkerchief, bed sheet, towel, pillow, etc. These were originally were/are made of white cotton or linen fabric, thus were referred to as White Goods.

Household appliances

  • Household appliances such as the Washing machine, Air conditioner, Microwave oven and Refrigerator, etc. These products were/are often factory-finished in white enamel and thus were referred to as White Goods. Now, they are available in other colors but still they are known as White Goods or Whiteware.

“White Sales”

  • Sales of household linen in a departmental store where inventory of white goods such as sheets, towels, bedspreads, pillowcases and other linens on sale.

What are “Brown Goods”?

  • Brown Goods are Electronic domestic appliances like TV, radio, video recorders, etc. Since they were were traditionally finished in brown due to their wooden or Bakelite make, they were known as Brown Goods.
Difference b/w ‘White Goods’ and ‘Brown Goods’:
  • ‘White Goods’ are relatively high-priced, heavy, and slow-moving electronic goods whereas ‘Brown goods’ are relatively light and low-priced and fast-moving electronic goods.
  • In general, high-end technical skills are required to repair the complex electronics circuits based brown goods, whereas practical application specialized knowledge is needed in servicing the white goods.

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