Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

Rs 4,000 crore plan to fight Japanese Encephalitis

The Union Cabinet of India sanctioned a Rs 4038-crore comprehensive multi-pronged plan for prevention and control of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in the country.

States where this plan will be implemented:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Bihar
  • Assam

The plan will be implemented within five years from 2012-13 to 2016-17.

What is Japanese Encephalitis?

  • Japanese Encephalitis is a viral disease spread by the mosquito carrying the virus.
  • The disease is mainly prevalent in Southeast Asia and the Far East.

What are the reservoirs and vectors of this virus?

  • Domestic pigs and wild birds (herons) are reservoirs of the virus.
  • Amongst the most important vectors of this disease are the mosquitoes Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex vishnui.

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Iran can consider a 20% cap on uranium enrichment

Iran is ready to negotiate over the issue of its uranium enrichment programme. It has offered that it can put a 20% on uranium enrichment if it is assured a regular supply of nuclear fuel for its medical reactor that manufactures isotopes to treat cancer.

What is uranium enrichment?

  • Naturally occurring Uranium is composed of two main isotopes and 235U. the percentage of 238U is 99.284% and 235U constitutes only about 0.711% of its weight.
  • 235U is fissile with thermal neutrons.
  • In order to produce nuclear bomb and naval propulsion highly enriched uranium is required.
  • Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation. Enriched uranium is also called Oralloy.

What is highly enriched uranium?

  • Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) has a greater than 20% concentration of 235U or 233U.
  • The fissile uranium in nuclear weapons usually contains 85% or more of 235U known as weapon(s)-grade.
  • The very first uranium bomb, Little Boy dropped on Hiroshima in 1945, used 64 kilograms of 80% enriched uranium.

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