Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017

हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

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DIPP to Grant Industrial Licenses for Defence Manufacturing

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has been given back the power to grant licenses for defence manufacturing. Earlier, a few months back, the Home Ministry was given the responsibility.

The decision was taken considering the workload of Home Ministry which has to look after security concerns of the entire country.

The decision will clear the confusions in the minds of the defence products manufacturing companies as the battle on the matter between the DIPP and the Home Ministry had virtually stopped the process of granting industrial licenses since last year.

Salient Highlights

The power to grant manufacturing licence with respect to the category of arms and ammunition and defence items under the Arms Act has been delegated to Secretary, DIPP from the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Henceforth, the defence products manufacturing companies are required to apply for industrial licenses to the DIPP as they used to do before transferring of such power to the Home Ministry.

DIPP

DIPP (Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion) was first established in 1995, and then reconstituted in 2000 and merged with the Department of Industrial Development. The Department falls under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. DIPP looks at the overall industrial policy while individual ministries work on the specific areas allocated to them. Its main responsibility includes formulation of promotional and developmental measures to boost industrial sector.

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PM lays Foundation Stone for AIIMS at Changsari

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Changsari in the Kamrup District of Assam. The institute will be constructed at a distance of 26 km from Guwahati.

The institute will be constructed at a cost of Rs 1,123 crores as part of the ‘Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana’. The construction of the institute will be completed within the next four years. The institute will have a hospital comprising of 750 beds, 22 super speciality departments including 16 operation theatres. It will also have a medical college capable of accommodating 100 MBBS students every year and a nursing college accommodating 60 students each year. It will be spread across 189 acres.

Background

The AIIMS in Delhi attracts patients from all corners of the country resulting in overcrowding. Keeping in view of this, the government is taking steps to ensure the setting up of AIIMS in different parts of the country to cater to the needs of the people.

The seven functioning AIIMS are located in New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh.

Last year, the Union Cabinet had approved the establishment of a new AIIMS at Bhatinda, Punjab under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). Besides, 3 new AIIMS in Nagpur (Maharashtra),  Mangalagiri in Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) and Kalyani (West Bengal)  were also have been sanctioned in 2015.

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) is a Central Sector Scheme announced in August 2003. The primary objective of the scheme is to correct the regional imbalances in availability of affordable and reliable tertiary level healthcare in the country.  Besides, it also seeks to augment facilities for quality medical education in under-served or backward States.

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NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Discovers Earth-Sized Storms on Jupiter

NASA’s Juno spacecraft has discovered Earth-sized cyclones at the poles of the Jupiter. It has also unveiled the presence of the storm systems that travel deep into the heart of the planet. Both the poles of the Jupiter were found to be covered with Earth-sized swirling storms which are densely clustered and rubbing together. The findings were the result of the Juno probe’s first data-collection pass on August last year. The spacecraft flew for about 4,200 kilometres of Jupiter’s swirling cloud top. The findings suggest the presence of ammonia clouds over the planet which are quite variable and continue to increase up to a few hundred miles or kilometres.

Measurements of Jupiter’s magnetosphere indicate that Jupiter has a stronger magnetic field than expected which is more irregular in shape. The magnetic field in the planet is in the order of 7.766 Gauss which is about 10 times stronger than the strongest magnetic field found on Earth.

The next flyby of the Juno Probe has been scheduled for July 11. During the flyby, the spacecraft will fly directly over Jupiter’s Great Red Spot.

Juno Spacecraft

Juno was launched in August 2011 to study Jupiter’s composition and evolution. It’s the first solar powered spacecraft to orbit Jupiter. It is second spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, after Galileo probe which had orbited the planet from 1995–2003. The unmanned spacecraft had successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit in July 2016 after a five year journey and traversing distance of nearly 2 billion miles. The primary goals behind the launch of Juno is to find out whether Jupiter has a solid core, study of the formation of its atmosphere and magnetosphere, and to ascertain whether or not water is present in the gas cloud shrouding the planet. Juno has nine instruments on board to study atmosphere, gravity, magnetic field and possible existence of solid core in Jupiter. The information gathered from it will provide vital clues to how the planet has formed and evolved. The spacecraft has been named after the Roman goddess Juno, the wife of Jupiter who is considered as the god of the sky in ancient Greco-Roman mythology.

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