Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2015

Nepal earthquake damages world’s oldest Buddhist shrine Swayambhunath Stupa

Nepal’s devastating 7.9-magnitude earthquake on April 25 has partially damaged Swayambhunath Stupa located in Kathmandu which is believed to be the world’s oldest Buddhist shrine.

During this earthquake several other monuments situated in the vicinity of the 2,000 year-old Lichchhavi-era Buddhist shrine have been damaged but the main stupa has remained intact during the earthquake.

Swayambhunath Stupa is one of the main Buddhist shrine and most visited tourist sites in Nepal. The stupa is believed to have originated at a time when Kathmandu was inhabited by a deity called Manjushri. It was drained out a big lake by cutting the Chobar hill situated in southern Kathmandu thousands of years ago.

Three other Buddhist monasteries were also damaged including Jyoti Kirti Bihar, Karmapa Bihar, Maha Bihar, Pratapur, Shantipur, Anantapur and Manjushree temple.

The earthquake also has threatened the existence of one of the 7 UNESCO-listed world heritage sites of Kathmandu.

Famous Hindu shrine Pashupati and House of Living Goddess Kumari in Kathmandu has remained unharmed in the earthquake.

However, 300 year-old Kashtha Mandap temple situated in the heart of Kathmandu city and 200 year-old Dharahara tower are among the important heritage sites which were damaged by the earthquake.

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1 in 6 species can face extinction by end of century due to global warming: Study

Recently published study in journal Science has found out that 1 out of 6 species on Earth could possibly extinct by the end of the century as a result of increasing global warming if the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) stays the same.

The study published was titled Accelerating extinction risk from climate change and is authored by Mark C. Urban. The study highlighted the urgency to take strong action in order to address climate change.

Key facts from the report

  • 16 percent of species in the world would face the risk of extinction because of climatic factors.
  • The endemic plants and animals of Australia, South America and New Zealand are at risk as for they would not be able to go to other place when their only homeland becomes uninhabitable.
  • While, the species in North American and European regions have the lowest extinction risk due to climate change.
  • The extinction risks from climate change will also accelerate for every degree rise in global temperature if everyone didn’t act now to limit future climate change.
  • Climate change will affect wildlife directly and indirectly as it may lead to change in weather patterns that may affect the food they rely on or the habitat they live in.

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Crime writer Ruth Rendell passes away

Renowned crime writer Ruth Rendell passed away on 2 May 2015 in London, United Kingdom. She was 85.

She was best-known for creation of fictional character Inspector Wexford, which was turned into a highly successful TV series in Britain.

About Ruth Rendell

  • Ruth Rendell was born on 17 February 1930 in Essex, United Kingdom.
  • Her career as an author spanned nearly 50 years and she had written more than 60 novels in a
  • She was also one of Britain’s best-selling contemporary authors, also authored novels under the pen-name Barbara Vine.
  • Her first Wexford book was From Doon with Death published in 1964.
  • Most of her works were translated into more than 20 languages and was adapted into cinema and TV series which had attracted worldwide sales of 60 million.
  • She has authored more than 20 standalone novels that were often based on the margins of society.
  • Ruth Rendell was awarded the Crime Writers’ Association Cartier Diamond Dagger for excellence in crime writing.

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