Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2015

Government gives nod to Neutrino project in Tamil Nadu

Union cabinet meeting has approved setting up of India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project in Bodi West Hills, Tamil Nadu.  This cabinet meeting was headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key facts about India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project

  • It is an underground project, jointly supported by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • It will comprise a complex of caverns – the main cavern, which will house detector which is 130 metres long, 26 metres wide and 30 metre high.
  • Along with main cavern, there will be two smaller caverns that will be used for setting up experiments for neutrino double detector and dark matters.
  • This underground complex will be approached by a 2-kms long tunnel.
  • It will host experiments such as the neutrino-less double beta decay and the search for dark matter.
  • It also involves Inter-Institutional Centre for High Energy Physics (IICHEP) and Iron Calorimeter Detector (ICAL).

Along with project, government has also approved the construction of a 50,000 tonne magnetised iron calorimeter detector (ICAL). It will study the properties of the neutrino, in particular the mass hierarchy among different types of neutrino.

Neutrino

It is an electrically neutral, weakly interacting elementary subatomic particle with half-integer spin. It belongs to the lepton family.

There are three types of neutrinos: electron neutrinos, muon neutrinos and tau neutrinos.

President signs ordinance amending Citizenship Act, 1955

President Pranab Mukherjee has signed the ordinance that amend’s Citizenship Act, 1955.

Earlier, union government had promulgated this ordinance in order to merge Person of Indian Origin (PIO) and Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) schemes. Thus, providing life-long Indian visa facility to PIOs.

It was signed on the eve of the opening of the three-days meet of Indian diaspora i.e. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2015 held in Gujarat.

Key amendments

  • Citizenship Act amendments will benefit PIO and will give them benefits like life-long visa and exemption from appearing before the local police station on every visit etc.
  • It will also change the clause of parent Act which says that foreigners who marry Indians must continuously stay in the country for a period of one year before they get an Indian citizenship. In this regards they will get relief of 30 days in a year when they can travel outside the country.
  • The amendment also clears the way for relaxed visa norms for minor children of OCI cardholders.

PM releases commemorative coins to honour late industrialist Jamsetji Tata

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has released commemorative coins to honour Tata Group founder Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata.

PM released coins in the denomination of 100 and five rupee to mark Jamsetji Tata’s 175th birth anniversary.

Thus, Jamsetji will be the first industrialist in India to be felicitated by the government in such a manner.

He was chosen by the government because he is a legendary figure and the government wants to encourage Indian businesses through this initiative.

So far government has minted coins in honour of artists, freedom fighters, scientists, institutions and organisations.

Earlier, government had honoured Jamsetji twice by releasing his postal stamps one in 1958 and another in 1965.

Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata

He was pioneer industrialist who had founded Tata Group- India’s biggest conglomerate company. He is regarded as Father of Indian Industry.

He was born on 3 March 1839 in Navsari then part of the princely state of Baroda (Now in Gujarat).

His successors’ work led to achieve:

  • Tata Steel: formerly known as Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO ) is Asia’s first and India’s largest steel company. It is also world’s fifth largest steel company.
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc): Located in Bengaluru, it is pre-eminent Indian institution for research and education in Science and Engineering.
  • Tata Hydroelectric Power Supply Company: later it was renamed Tata Power Company Limited, currently India’s largest private electricity company.

It should be also noted that present Jamshedpur district in Jharkhand is named after him. Earlier it was known as Sakchi.

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