Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2014

ISRO’s GSLV Mark III rocket launched successfully

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO’s) first sub-orbital flight and India’s latest generation launch vehicle- GSLV Mark-III X was successfully lifted off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV Mk-III)  was carrying payload – Crew module Atmospheric Reentry Experiment (CARE) weighing 3775 kg.

Mission: It was a suborbital experimental flight mission which aimed to test the vehicle’s performance during the critical atmospheric phase of its flight and thus carried a passive (non-functional) cryogenic upper stage.

Objective:

  • To test the rocket’s atmospheric flight stability with CARE payload and to the intended height of 126 km.
  • To study the re-entry characteristics of the crew module- CARE and its aero braking and validation of its end-to-end parachute system.

Successful experimental flight

  • The flight mission began with the successful launch of GSLV Mk-III from the Second Launch Pad at Sriharikota.
  • After the launch, GSLV Mk-III carried its payload CARE to the intended height of 126 km.
  • Following this, CARE separated from the upper stage of GSLV Mk-III and re-entered the atmosphere and safely landed over Bay of Bengal with the help of its parachutes after successful lift-off of launch vehicle.

Thus, this successful launch will help India in perfecting the cryogenic engine technology and help to become self-reliant in launching communication satellites.

About GSLV-Mark III

The GSLV-Mark III is a three stage/engine launch vehicle.

Its first stage comprises two identical S-200 large solid boosters with 200 tonne solid propellant that are strapped on to the second stage, the L110 re-startable liquid stage.

The third stage/engine is the cryogenic which is more efficient as it provides more thrust for every kilogram of propellant burnt.

Government initiate’s scheme to protect Endangered Languages of India

Union Government has initiated a Scheme known as “Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India”.

It was announced by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Lok Sabha question.

Key facts of the scheme

  • As part of this Scheme, all the mother tongues/languages of India spoken by less than 10,000 people will be considered as They will be protected, preserved and documented by the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore.
  • Technology will play key role in the preservation of endangered languages and it will be an integral part of it.
  • Dictionaries and basic grammars in all the endangered languages/mother tongues are prepared in digital format. In addition, talking dictionaries in the endangered languages/mother tongues will be prepared with the help of technology.
  • The cultural and ethno-linguistic aspects of the languages/mother tongues and indigenous knowledge system of the communities will be video-graphed and stored electronically for archival and retrieval purposes.
  • A digital map with linguistic/cultural words with actual pronunciation for accounting variation in speech is also part of the scheme.

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has also prepares guidelines in order to provide assistance for establishment of Centre of Endangered Languages in Central Universities.

In this regard, UGC has accorded approval to 9 Central Universities to establish these centres and allocated Rs.50.00 crore.

Reverend Libby Lane appointed as first female bishop in the 500-year history of Church of England

Reverend Libby Lane was appointed as new Bishop of Stockport, England. Thus, she has become the first female bishop in the 500-year history of Church of England.

This appointment comes after historic changes were made to the law to end centuries of male domination in the church.

Before this appointment, she was vicar at St Peter’s Hale and St Elizabeth’s Ashley in Cheshire since April 2007.

Background

In 1992, first women priests were ordained, but to date women they were able to take on the Church’s most senior roles.

Earlier in October 2014, UK Parliament had passed legislation for the appointment of female bishops by breaking the centuries-old tradition. It was considered as a historic move towards widening female participation in the Church.

In November 2014, General Synod- the law-making body of the Church of England had given nod to this legislation.

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