Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2015

Antarctic ice loss altering earth’s gravity: Study

A new scientific study has found that a sudden and massive ice loss in a previously stable region of Antarctica is causing small changes in the gravitational field of the Earth.

This study was led by Dr Bert Wouters, a Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Bristol, England and was recently published in Science Journal.

Key highlights of Study

  • The changes were observed using the CryoSat-2 satellite, a mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) dedicated to remote-sensing of ice.
  • Researchers have found that the ice surface of some of the glaciers is currently going down by as much as 4 m each year.
  • They also have found out that Southern Antarctic Peninsula showed no signs of change up to 2009. But after 2009, multiple glaciers along a vast coastal expanse suddenly started to shed ice into the ocean.
  • These glaciers measure around 750 km in length and are shrinking nearly at a constant rate of 60 cubic km and adding about 55 trillion litres of water each year.
  • With level of shrinking, this region now has become the second largest contributor to sea level rise in Antarctica and causing small changes in the gravity field of the Earth.


Renowned American mathematician and Nobel Laureate John Nash passes away

Renowned American mathematician and Nobel laureate John Nash passed away on 24 May 2015. He was 86 and died in a car crash along with his wife Alicia Nash.

John Forbes Nash, Jr. was born on June 13, 1928 in West Virginia State of United States.

Work: He was renowned for works in game theory (mathematical study of decision-making), differential geometry and partial differential equations.

His theories (especially Nash Equilibrium in game theory) are used in modern computing, economics, evolutionary biology, artificial intelligence, accounting, politics and military theory.

Awards: In 1994, he shared Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with game theorists Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi.

In 2015, he was awarded the Abel Prize along with Louis Nirenberg for his work on nonlinear partial differential equations.

Paranoid schizophrenia: In 1959, he got mentally ill and had undergone treatment of Paranoid schizophrenia. Later in 1970s he had recovered from mental illness.

A Beautiful Mind: His breakthroughs in maths and his struggles with schizophrenia were basis for biography A Beautiful Mind written by Sylvia Nasar’s.

The biography was later adapted in movie starring Russell Crowe in 2001 with the same name. In 2002, the film had won four Academy Awards (Oscars) for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Supporting Actress.


Mumbai Indians defeat Chennai Super Kings to win IPL 2015 for second time

Mumbai Indians (MI) on 24 May 2015 won the eight edition of Indian Premier League (IPL) 2015 by defeating Chennai Super Kings (CSK).

In the final match played at Eden Gardens, Kolkata they defeated CSK by 41 runs. CSK had won the toss in final summit had chosen bowl first. MI by batting first had set the target of 202 to their opponent team. However the CSK failed to reach the target score.

This is the second IPL title triumph for MI after their maiden win in the season six in 2013. It should be noted that Chennai has now lost four finals of 2008, 2012, 2013, 2015 in six appearances and had won in 2011 and 2012 IPL seasons.

Brief score: MI 202-5 in 20.0 Overs (Lendl Simmons 68, Rohit Sharma 50, Dwayne Bravo 2-36) beat CSK 161-8 in 20.0 Overs (Dwayne Smith 57, Mitchell McClenaghan 3-25).

Man of the Match:  Rohit Sharma.

Captains of the two teams

  • Mumbai Indains: Rohit Sharma.
  • Chennai Super Kings: Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

Other highlights of IPL 2015

  • Player of the Tournament: Andre Russell (KKR).
  • Orange Cap awarded to: David Warner (Sunrisers Hyderabad).
  • Purple Cap awarded to: Dwayne Bravo (CSK).
  • Emerging Player of the Season: Shreyas Iyer (Delhi Daredevils).
  • Most Valuable Player: Andre Russell (KKR).

About Mumbai Indians

Mumbai Indians (MI) is owned by India’s biggest conglomerate, Reliance Industries led by Mukesh Ambani through its 100% subsidiary IndiaWin Sports.

Ownership of MI: IndiaWin Sports Pvt Ltd (Stake: 98.3%), Teesta Retail Pvt Ltd. (Stake: 1.7%).