Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2015

11 October: International Day of Girl Child

Every year 11th October is being observed as International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC). This year it was fourth edition of this day after it was observed for first time in 2012.

Significance of Day: To recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world. The observation also increases awareness of gender inequality faced by girls worldwide based upon their gender and supports more opportunity for girls.

2015 theme: The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030’.

This year’s theme focuses on adolescent girls and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) to be achieved by 2030. SDG has set 17 international targets including on gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls.

The theme also highlights vulnerable demographic of adolescent girls facing social, economic and political barriers.


  • In December 2011, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had adopted Canada backed Resolution to declare 11th October as the IDGC.
  • It was first observed in 2012 with theme ‘Ending child marriage’. The theme of IDGC in 2013 and 2014 was ‘Innovating for girl’s education’ and ‘Empowering Adolescent Girls: Ending the Cycle of Violence’.


Punjab National Bank wins Beighton Cup of Hockey

Punjub National Bank (PNB) has won the 2015 Beighton Cup hockey tournament. It is mainded title of PNB,

In the final match played in Kolkata PNB defeated 4 time winners Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) by 5-3 goals in penalty shoot outs. In the regular time schedule of match both team had one goal each.

About Beighton Cup of Hockey

  • Instituted in 1895 and is one of the oldest field hockey tournaments running till date.
  • It is named after T.D. Beighton, Legal Remembrancer of the Government of Bengal in British India.
  • It is organised by Bengal Hockey Association (BHA).


High-risk area boundary of maritime piracy shifted from India’s western coastline

High-risk area (HRA) boundary of maritime Piracy has been shifted from 78 degrees East to the 65 degrees East longitude off India’s western coastline.

Decision in this regard was taken by European Union Chair of the Contact Group of Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) and will come into effect from December 1, 2015.


  • The HRA boundary was shifted from 65o E to 78o E longitude after surge in number of piracy cases from 2008 to 2013 off the east coast of Somalia in the Gulf of Aden i.e. near Horn of Africa (East Africa).
  • This decision was considered as an unwarranted encroachment into India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
  • However, there was significant drop in the sea piracy cases since 2012 and it was all time low in 2014 due to collective efforts of Indian and International defence forces.
  • Since 2013, Indian shipping regulators and defence forces were lobbying to redraw the eastern limit of the HRA as it was threat to its maritime security.


  • Economic: Reduce in insurance premium paid by shipping companies for security purpose against piracy.
  • Consequently huge savings for India’s EXIM (export-import) trade and Indian consumers on account of reduced freight cost due to less insurance premium.
  • Maritime Security: It will be not jeopardized as there will be shift of International maritime traffic density along the western Indian coastline which earlier had led to maritime congestion.
  • Earlier, the presences of unregulated foreign owned floating armouries on shipping vessels near India’s coastline were potential threat to Indian maritime security interests.
  • It will also stop clashes between Indian fishermen and security guards of big vessels. Earlier there have been cases of firing by such security guards on Indian fishing boats and some India fishermen have lost their lives.