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हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें.

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Study: Sea Anemone is genetically half-animal and half-plant

The scientists from the University of Vienna discovered that sea anemones, the water-dwelling predatory creatures, are technically half plant and half animal. Before this research, sea anemones are classified as animals.

As per the new research, Sea Anemones

  • An oddball: half-plant and half-animal (at least when it comes to its genetic code).
  • Sea creature’s genes look more like those of animals, but the regulatory code that determines whether those genes are expressed resembles that in plants.
  • More similar to plants rather to vertebrates or insects in their regulation of gene expression by short regulatory RNAs called microRNAs.
  • Shows a complex landscape of gene regulatory elements similar to the fruit fly or other model animals.
  • This suggests that this principle of complex gene regulation was already present in the common ancestor of human, fly and sea anemone some 600 million years ago.

In other words, the study shows that the sea anemone shows a genomic landscape surprisingly similar to human genome, but also displays regulatory mechanisms similar to plants.

About Sea Anemone

  • Kingdom: Animalia.
  • Phylum: Cnidaria.
  • Class: Anthozoa.
  • Bright colours and daisy-like shape.
  • Flowers of the sea. Despite their pretty looks, they are predatory animals, using their stinging tentacles to catch their prey.
  • Life span: Approx 60-80 years.

Note: The study published Tuesday in the journal Genome Research.

India Human Development Survey (IHDS) 2011-12

As per the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) survey, 4 out of 10 women in India still have no say in their marriage, 8 out of 10 need permission to visit a doctor, 6 out of 10 practise some form of head covering and the average Indian household gives over Rs.30,000 in dowry.

Excerpts of the latest data of India Human Development Survey (IHDS) 2011-12

  • Sample size: 42,000 households.
  • Covers economic data on income and expenditure, development data on education and health, and sociological data on caste, gender and religion.
  • Average wedding expense: Groom: Rs 81,952, Bride – Rs 1,26,724.
  • Average dowry: Rs.30, 000.
  • Marriage: 48% women (over 25) were married before age 18 (as opposed to 60% in 2004-5) and 59% women (over 25) with any say in marriage.
  • Around 41% of women still have no say in their marriage.
  • Say in marriage: Best states: Tamil Nadu (94%), Assam (90%), AP and Kerala – 86%, Worst States: Rajasthan (20%), UP(24%), MP & Orissa- 29%.
  • Mean age at marriage – 17.8.
  • Knew their husband before marriage (over 25): 18%.
  • Woman practice head/face covering: Highest: Rajasthan – 96%, Bihar – 91%, Haryana & MP – 88%, Lowest: T.N – 6%, AP – 13%, North east – 15%.
  • 81% women need permission to visit doctor.
  • 60% of women, including 59% of forward caste Hindus and 83% of Muslim women, practice some form of `purdah’ or `ghunghat’.
  • Most expensive weddings: Kerala & Delhi.
  • The practice of marrying a cousin or relative, more common in the south than the north, is becoming less common, but over 20% in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka still marry relatives.

About India Human Development Survey (IHDS)

  • Conducted by the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER).
  • Largest household survey. (After the government’s Nation Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) surveys.
  • NCAER is the only independent body that conducts such large-sample panel surveys.

Outcome of the survey: The data shows that with the growing level of education, urbanization and women empowerment programme the condition of women is slightly improving in the society.

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“Ekhon Nedekha Nadir Xipaare”- Assamese thriller film bagged Audience Choice Award 2014 in North Carolina film festival

The Assamese thriller movie, Ekhon Nedekha Nadir Xipaare (also known as “As the river flows”) bagged the Audience Choice Award 2014 in North Carolina film festival.

 

The film has also been selected for the upcoming 14th annual New York Indian Film Festival – North America’s oldest and most prestigious destination for feature films, documentaries, and shorts from and about the Indian subcontinent to be held from May 5-10, 2014.

About the Assamese movieEkhon Nedekha Nadir Xipaare”

  • Writer & Director: Bidyut Kotoky.
  • Produced by: National Film Development Corporation of India.
  • Starring Actors: Sanjay Suri, Bidita Bag, Victor Banerjee, Nakul Vaid, Raj Zutshi, Naved Aslam and Preeti Jhangiani.
  • Inspired by the kidnapping of activist Sanjoy Ghosh, who was first abducted in 1997 from the island Majuli in Assam supposed to be by the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and subsequently killed.

The movie is a socio-political Assamese thriller set in the river island of Majuli.

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