Political parties agree on nullifying SC order against convicted lawmakers

Parties across political lines agreed to amend the Representation of the People Act to overturn a Supreme Court verdict which barred people in police or judicial custody from contesting elections.

The government also received support for its proposal to amend the Act to repeal the impact of the verdict that ordered the immediate disqualification of MPs and MLAs on conviction in a criminal case without being given 3 months time for appeal.

What is the controversy all about?

In July, 2013 Upholding a 2004 judgement of Patna High court, the Supreme Court held that persons in lawful custody – whether convicted in a criminal case or otherwise – cannot contest polls.  However, the ruling does not apply to those on bail.

What is the matter?

The Chief Election Commissioner and others had filed a appeals against a Patna High Court judgement that in 2004 had held that when a person in custody is disqualified from voting he or she must be disqualified from contesting in elections too. Calling the High Court’s decision right the apex court held that a person who has no right to vote by virtue of the provisions of Section 62 (5) of the Representation of the People Act 1951 is not an elector and is therefore not qualified to contest the election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of a State. Besides, the court said “A right to vote is a statutory right, the Law gives it, the Law takes it away. Persons convicted of crime are kept away from elections to the Legislature, whether to State Legislature or Parliament and all other public elections. The Law temporarily takes away the power of such persons to participate in elections. To vote is a statutory right. It is a privilege to vote, which privilege may be taken away. In that case, the elector would not be qualified, even if his name is on the electoral rolls.

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Categories: Bills and Acts in Current Affairs 2017

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