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Union Cabinet gives nod to amend Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval for introduction Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order Amendment Bill, 2015 in the Parliament.

The Bill seeks to amend Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 in order to modify the list of Scheduled Castes in respect of 5 States viz. Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal.

Key facts

  • The Bill also modifies the Central List of Other Backward Classes of 3 states viz. Chhattisgarh, Haryana and Kerala.
  • Chhattisgarh: Sais, who are also known as Sahis, Sarathi, Soot-Sarathi and Thanwar are eligible for their inclusion in SC category.
  • Haryana: Two castes have been included in the SC list. These are Aheria (also called Aheri, Hari, Heri, Thori and Tur) and Rai Sikh.
  • Kerala: Peruvannan caste has been included the SC list. While, Malayan community area has been extended.
  • Odisha: Bariki and Kummari castes been excluded from the OBC list consequent upon their inclusion in SC list.
  • West Bengal: The area restriction of the inclusion of Chain caste has been removed.
  • After the Bill becomes an Act, the members of these communities will be included in the list of Scheduled Castes.
  • They will be able to derive benefits meant for Scheduled Castes under the existing Government schemes. In addition they will also be entitled to the benefits of reservation in services and admission to educational institutions.

Background

  • The Constitution of India provides certain privileges and concessions to the members of Scheduled Castes that are notified under the provisions of Article 341 of the Constitution.
  • Article 341 says that 1st list of Scheduled Castes in relation to a States/UTs has to be issued by a notified Order of the President after consultation with the respective State Government.
  • Clause (2) of Article 341 mentions that any subsequent inclusion or exclusion particular community from the list of Scheduled Castes can be envisaged through an Act of Parliament.
  • Modalities in regard to modifications in the lists of SCs/STs: In 1999, Union Government had approved Modalities for considering proposals in regard to modifications in the lists of SCs/ST. It was amended in June 2002.
  • Under it amending legislation to the concerned Constitution Order is proposed only in respect of such proposals of the concerned State Government/UT Administration.
  • Such proposal must have been agreed to both by the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) as well as Registrar General of India (RGI).

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MP Government announces 33 percent quota for women in government jobs

Madhya Pradesh government has decided to provide 33 percent reservation to women in government jobs.

Decision in this regard was taken by state cabinet meeting presided over by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan.

With this, the reservation to women in government jobs in the state has been increased from present 30 per cent to 33 per cent.

Apart from this decision, state Cabinet also gave its approval to a proposal providing compensation to farmers i.e. they have to repay only 90 thousand rupees on a loan of one lakh rupees.

State Government has forwarded these proposals to the Election Commission of India (ECI) for its approval as Model Code of Conduct is in place in Jhabua-Ratlam Parliamentary Constituency and Dewas Assembly constituency where by-elections are to be held in November 2015.

It was also decided to give monthly pension of 2500 rupees to the relatives of those who were killed in anti-Sikh riots of 1984 in the state.

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Rajasthan Government notifies 5% quota for Gujjars and other SBCs

Rajasthan government has issued a notification to provide 5 per cent quota to Gujjars and other Special Backward Classes (SBC).

The notification was issued by state government under the Rajasthan Special Backward Classes Reservation Act, 2015.

The Act came into force from October 16, 2015. It will provide 5% reservation in educational institutes and government jobs to Gujjars, Raibari, Banjara and Gadiya Lohar communities in the state.

Background

  • Earlier in September 2015, Rajasthan state assembly had passed two separate bills to provide reservation in educational institutions and government jobs.
  • Rajasthan Special Backward Classes Reservation Bill, 2015 seeks to provide 5% quota to SBC and Rajasthan Economically Backward Classes Reservation Bill, 2015 seeks to provide 14% reservation to Economically Backward Classes (EBC) of unreserved categories.
  • With the passing of these bills, total reservation in Rajasthan had exceeded the 50 per cent reservation cap/limit laid down by the Supreme Court.

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