Asia-Pacific Current Affairs

6th Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development begins in New Delhi

The sixth edition of Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD) began in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu.

The three days conference seeks to address issues ranging from crowded city centres to peripheral expansion, metropolitan based urban population growth, megacities and urban corridors etc.

Key Facts
  • In this conference ministers and senior officials from 68 countries in the Asia-Pacific region are expected to deliberate on challenges of urban planning and management.
  • It will adopt Delhi Declaration and implementation plan for aligning urban development strategies of member countries with New Urban Agenda adopted at Quito, Eucador.
  • During the conference, five working groups will deliberate on different sub-themes like Integrated Planning, Management and Governance Structures.
  • They will also be ensuring sustainable and natural disaster resilient urban development including climate change.
  • The conference assumes significance considering that Asia Pacific Region accounts for 60% of the world population and 55% of global urban population. 

About New Urban Agenda

  • It was adopted at the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (also known as “Habitat III” conference) held in Quito, Ecuador.
  • It sets the global vision of sustainable urbanization for the next 20 years. It is a set of 175 commitments that countries need to adhere to tackle challenges of urbanization.
  • It is considered as roadmap for building cities that can serve as engines of prosperity and centres of social and cultural well-being while protecting the environment.
  • It provides guidance for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and provides the underpinning for actions to address climate change.

About APMCHUD

APMCHUD is an intergovernmental mechanism for collaboration and cooperation in the field of housing and development among Asia Pacific countries. It was established under the aegis and support of UN-Habitat. It is consultative mechanism on the promotion of sustainable development of housing and urban development in Asia-Pacific region.

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PM Narendra Modi inaugurate Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in New Delhi.

The conference has been organised by Union Government in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

Key Facts

  • 2016 AMCDRR will pave the way for implementation of the Sendai framework in the Asian region and will also devise a mechanism for monitoring its progress.
  • About 2,000 foreign delegates, including ministers from 54 Asia Pacific countries will participate in the 2016 AMCDRR.
  • 2016 AMCDRR will focus on consultation, collaboration and partnership with governments and stakeholders to mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the region.
  • It will adopt the ‘Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’ endorsed by the Asian countries.

Comment

2016 AMCDRR is the seventh edition of the conference after it was established in 2005 and the first major inter-governmental event after the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) adopted at 3rd UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015. This is second time India hosting AMCDRR. For the first time India had also hosted the second AMCDRR in 2007 in New Delhi.

PM Narendra Modi after inaugurating 2016 AMCDRR outlined a ten-point agenda for renewing efforts towards disaster risk reduction. The 10-point agenda includes

  • All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
  • Work towards risk coverage for all starting from poor households to SMEs to MNCs to nation states.
  • Encourage greater leadership and involvement of women in disaster risk management.
  • Invest in risk mapping globally. For mapping risks related to hazards like earthquakes we have accepted standards & parameters.
  • Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of disaster risk management efforts.
  • Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.
  • Utilize the opportunities provided by mobile and social media technologies.
  • Build on local initiatives and capacity.
  • Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted. After every disaster there are papers on lessons that are rarely applied.
  • Bring greater cohesion in international response to disasters.

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