Border Haats Current Affairs

Cabinet approves revised MoU with Bangladesh to set up Border Haats

The Union Cabinet has approved Revised Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Mode of Operation (MoO) between India and Bangladesh for establishing Border Haats on India-Bangladesh Border.

The revised MoU and MoO will provide a legal framework for establishment and operationalization of additional Border Haats along India-Bangladesh border.

Key Facts
  • The Border Haats aim at promoting traditional system of marketing the local produce through local markets across the India-Bangladesh border.
  • It will help to improve economic well-being of marginalised sections in remote areas across along the border.
  • The Border Haats allows to people living in border areas to trade in specified products in accordance with the regulations agreed and notified by both Governments.
  • Currently four Border Haats are operational, two each in Meghalaya and Tripura, along the border. They were established and operationalized under the MoU and MoO signed between Bangladesh and India in 2010. Subsequently, an Addendum to MoO of Border Haats was also signed in May, 2012.

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Union Cabinet gives nod to MoU with Bangladesh for operation of traditional haats

The Union cabinet has given its ex-post-facto approval to Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bangladesh for Mode of Operation of Border haats on India-Bangladesh Border signed in 2010.

The MoU also seeks to establish new Border Haats along the border after identification of suitable locations in consultation with Bangladesh Government and concerned State Governments.

What are Border Haats?

  • The Border Haats in Indian Language means Rural Market. It aims at promoting the well-being of the people dwelling in remote areas across the borders of two countries.
  • It seeks to establish traditional system of marketing the local produce thorough local markets in local currency or according to barter basis.
  • Though the trade carried in this informal market is not significant in terms of percentage of bilateral trade, but these local measures help to improve economic well-being of marginalised sections of society.

Background

  • Border haats along the border of two countries are established under a MoU signed for Border Trade and Border Haats in October 2010.
  • As per the rules and guidelines of this MoU, traders in communities of both India and Bangladesh can trade their local produce without any duty.
  • It allowed to trade people living in border areas in specified products in accordance with the regulations agreed and notified by both Governments.
  • Presently 4 Border Haats are already operational along India-Bangladesh border. They are (i) Kalaichar (Meghalaya). (ii) Balat (Meghalaya). (iii) Kamlasagar (Tripura) (iv) Srinagar (Tripura).
  • In addition, both Governments also have agreed to further establish 2 Border Haats in Tripura and 4 Border Haats in Meghalaya along the border.

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