Chattisgarh Current Affairs

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CRPF Command Shifted from Kolkata to Chhattisgarh

The strategic anti-Naxal operations command headquarters of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has been shifted back from Kolkata to Raipur. In 2010, the central zone command headquarters was shifted from Raipur to Kolkata owing to logistics and connectivity issues. The recent decision comes at the backdrop of ambush in Sukma district that killed 37 jawans of the paramilitary force.

The central zone command headquarters was raised on August 7, 2009, to carry out the deployment of troops to the States affected by Left Wing Extremism such as West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

CRPF

CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).  It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949. Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency. Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.

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Malini Subramaniam honoured with International Press Freedom Award

Indian journalist Malini Subramaniam was conferred with the 2016 International Press Freedom Award. She has been honored for her reporting from the Naxal-infested Bastar area and for the commitment to a free press.

She is among the four journalists selected by the Committee to Protect Journalists for this year’s award. Others are Oscar Martinez (El Salvador), Can Dundar (Turkey) and  Abou Zeid (Egypt).

Malini Subramaniam is a contributor to the news website Scroll.in. She has reported on abuses by security forces and police, jailing of minors, sexual violence against women, shutdown of schools, extrajudicial killings, and threats against journalists in Bastar region in Chattisgarh.

About International Press Freedom Award (IPFA)

  • The IPFA honors journalists or their publications around the world for showing courage in defending press freedom despite facing attacks, threats or imprisonment.
  • The award was established in 1991 and is administered by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), an independent NGO based in New York, US.
  • In addition to recognizing individuals, CPJ seeks to focus local and international media coverage on countries where violations of press freedom are particularly serious.

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Protein-enriched rice variety developed by IGKV Chattisgarh

Researchers from Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV),Chattisgarh have developed a protein-enriched rice variety.

The new developed rice variety has over 10% protein content, which is 3% more than what is found in any popular variety and has 30 PPM (parts per million) zinc content.

Key facts

  • The protein-enriched rice variety was developed by researchers from IGKV’s Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology.
  • They had worked for seven years to develop the variety of rice that is rich in protein along with high zinc content.
  • This protein rice variety will play a crucial role in addressing issues of protein deficiencies and it will serve as a boon for malnourished population, especially children, in tribal-dominated Chhattisgarh.

Zinc-enriched variety of rice

Earlier in May 2015, scientists from Indira Gandhi Agriculture University (IGAU), Raipur (Chhattisgarh) had developed a high zinc-enriched called “Chhattisgarh Zinc Rice-1”. It was the first zinc biofortified rice variety developed in India.

Advantages

Zinc and other mineral content are not lost upon polishing. The rice has long self-life and used after keeping it for long time. Even it tastes just as good as the conventional variety.

Why is zinc so important to the body?

  • Zinc is important to the body because over 300 enzymes in our body use it as an essential component in their action.
  • Zinc is essential in supporting our immune system, in synthesising and degrading DNA, in wound healing and several other activities.
  • Our body requires very small amount of Zinc, but if the level falls down to below normal it may result into growth retardation, diarrhoea, eye and skin lesions and loss of appetite.

Background

  • As per a survey conducted in 2015 very high rate of malnutrition was found among preschool children in tribal areas across Chhattisgarh which is considered rice bowl of the country.
  • The survey had showed that over five lakh children in the state are underweight and stunted growth especially in the tribal districts.

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